Health And Safety


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Health And Safety

  1. 1. <ul><li>The law </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Responsibility System </li></ul><ul><li>Common Hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of creating a healthy and safe workplace </li></ul><ul><li>By Lorena Ochoa </li></ul>Health and Safety Presentation
  2. 2. <ul><li>THE LAW </li></ul>
  3. 3. . There are health and safety (H&F) laws that specify rights and responsibilities for everyone in the workplace The Law
  4. 4. <ul><li>Canada Labor Code (CLC), Part II for workplaces under federal jurisdiction ( post office, airlines, airports, inter-provincial, transportation, telephone, banks) </li></ul><ul><li>The Occupational Health and Safety Act for workplaces under provincial jurisdiction </li></ul>There are two sets of laws and regulations for H&S Ontario :
  6. 6. Employers and Supervisors, know your duties and responsibilities! sections 25, 26 and 27 <ul><li>Take precautions to protect the workers </li></ul><ul><li>Provide information, instruction and supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Post your written H & S policy and establish a H& S program if there are 6 o more workers </li></ul><ul><li>Post a copy of the Occupational Health and Safety Act and ensure compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Provide and maintain required equipment, material and protective devices. Employer must also make sure they are used properly </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Participate in keeping your workplace Healthy and Safe </li></ul><ul><li>Know about hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Refuse to work if you believe it is dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>Comply with the law and company rules </li></ul><ul><li>Wear your safety glasses, safety shoes and any other protective equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Tell your supervisor if you notice hazards or health and safety laws being contravened </li></ul>Workers know your rights and responsibilities! Sections 8, 9, 28 and 43
  8. 8. Joint health and safety committee and representatives According to federal and provincial laws your workplace may require a H&S representative or committee When do you need a joint health and safety committee (JHSC)? Where there are 20 or more workers in your workplace, (including management)
  9. 9. <ul><li>When is your workplace required to have a H & S representative? </li></ul><ul><li>Under Federal law, if there are 6 or more workers (including management) </li></ul><ul><li>Under Provincial law, if there are 5 or more workers (including management) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Solve occupational H&S issues before someone is injured </li></ul><ul><li>Inspections of the workplace and report the findings to the committee </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations to management and workers on how to make the workplace safer </li></ul><ul><li>Investigate serious accidents </li></ul>What does the H&S representative or the JHSC members do?
  12. 12. Canada (Federal) Human Resources and Skills Development Canada enforces the laws and regulations for workplaces covered by the Canada Labor Code, Part II Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS) provides information and advice about workplace health and safety
  13. 13. Ontario (Provincial) The Ministry of Labor enforces the laws and regulations for workplaces covered by OHSA Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB)
  14. 14. Most businesses in Ontario that employ workers (including family members and sub-contractors) must register with the WSIB within 10 days of hiring their first full- or part-time worker. It's the law Registering with the WSIB provides workplace insurance coverage for all of your workers and gives you access to experts in H&S for your business sector Registering with the WSIB
  15. 15. Protection from Lawsuits WSIB benefits replace the worker’s right to sue the employer for similar benefits Workplace Insurance Benefits for Your Workers WSIB insurance replaces lost earnings, covers health care costs resulting from work-related injuries and illnesses, and supports return to work Help in Returning Your Workers to the Job Getting injured staff back on the job sooner means your business can return to full productivity more quickly What You Get by Registering
  16. 16. <ul><li>Health and safety isn’t complicated </li></ul><ul><li>A successful business includes good customer service, good inventory control, good financial planning, and most importantly keeping your staff happy, health and safe </li></ul><ul><li>A commitment to health and safety in the workplace makes good business sense because it’s the one way to protect your greatest resource – your people </li></ul>
  18. 18. The internal responsibility system (IRS) is a health and safety philosophy It is based on the principle that every individual in the workplace is responsible for health and safety. That includes the CEO, executives, management and workers Giving workplace parties responsibilities and authority is the driving force of an effective health and safety management system Internal Responsibility System
  19. 19. <ul><li>The Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) is based on the concept of IRS. It outlines the legal rights, duties, roles and responsibilities for workplace parties </li></ul><ul><li>The Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) encourages and motivates all workplaces to implement IRS into their day-to-day operations and to make it part of their company philosophy </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>1. Overexertion </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards : </li></ul><ul><li>Moving fixtures and furniture </li></ul><ul><li>2. Burns </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards : </li></ul><ul><li>Spilling and splashing of hot liquids and contact with hot surfaces </li></ul>Common Hazards and how to reduce the risks
  22. 22. <ul><li>3. Unguarded machinery </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards: </li></ul><ul><li>Common equipment such as mixers, meat slicers, general maintenance equipment, and electrical tools can cause serious injuries such as serious cuts, fractures and amputations </li></ul>Common Hazards and how to reduce the risks
  23. 23. <ul><li>4 . Machinery not locked out </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards: </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment that starts up unexpectedly, especially during clean up or maintenance, can cause serious injuries </li></ul><ul><li>5. Slips, trips, falls </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards: </li></ul><ul><li>Slippery surfaces are one of the major causes of accidents </li></ul>Common Hazards and how to reduce the risks
  24. 24. <ul><li>6.Cuts </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards: </li></ul><ul><li>Knives are involved in many accidents in the Food Beverage industry, especially among chefs and cooks. </li></ul><ul><li>Injuries range from minor cuts to loss of finger </li></ul><ul><li>7.Sprains and strains </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards: </li></ul><ul><li>Manual handling, especially in storage areas, can lead to sprains and strains. </li></ul>Common Hazards and how to reduce the risks
  25. 25. <ul><li>8.Biohazards: </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards: </li></ul><ul><li>Workers can be exposed to infected blood and body fluids if sharp contaminated objects puncture their skin </li></ul><ul><li>Workers cleaning bathrooms may come across body fluids such as blood, vomit and feces. </li></ul>Common Hazards and how to reduce the risks
  26. 26. <ul><li>9.Chemical exposures </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards: </li></ul><ul><li>Many chemicals used in workplaces may cause irritation or even serious injury or disease. </li></ul><ul><li>10.Falls from ladders </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards: </li></ul><ul><li>Falls from ladders comprise about 6% of falls from elevation </li></ul>Common Hazards and how to reduce the risks
  27. 27. <ul><li>11.Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard: </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the relatively small number of incidents that occur, workplace violence in the food beverage industry can result in physical and psychological injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>12.Storage Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards: </li></ul><ul><li>Collapse of stored goods; slipping and tripping . </li></ul>Common Hazards and how to reduce the risks
  29. 29. PROTECT YOURSELF Protect yourself PPE Reporting an injury Safety Insurance Act First Aid Emergency procedures
  31. 31. Check list Hazard Inf. Training in Emergency procedures Training PPE Training Equipment - materials Training in How to do The job Safely H&S policy Program RECEIVE
  32. 32. Check list Legal workplace H&S rights . legal roles And responsibilities Committee members or the representative how to report an unsafe condition where to find the MSDSs Hazards KNOW
  34. 34. Seven steps H&S Policy Regular I nspect ion Education and Training Monthly Meetings Accident Investigations Record & Statistics Maintaining an Effective Program
  36. 36. <ul><li>Current health and safety laws impose rigorous requirements on everyone in workplace in an effort to avoid accidents. </li></ul><ul><li>In Ontario, individuals may be fined up to $25,000 or imprisoned up to 12 months. Corporations may be fined up to $500,000. </li></ul>LOWER COSTS
  37. 37. <ul><li>WSIB compensation and other costs for the best performers are 70% to 90% lower than the rest of the firms in their industry group. </li></ul><ul><li>Workers compensation costs are significant, and there are substantial other costs that are incurred when an injury/illness occurs. The sum of these add directly to operation costs, and hence profits. </li></ul><ul><li>And, as in other insurance schemes, dangerous industries with more claims costs pay higher premium rates. </li></ul>LOWER COSTS
  38. 40. <ul><li>Demonstrating management concern and commitment to ensuring safe operation is a critical component in building better employee relations, keeping the best employees, and increasing the contributions of employees in achieving business goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Any relationship involves give and take by the participants. When this is seen to be balanced and fair, trust and respect by those involved grows. </li></ul>Employee Relations Improvement
  39. 41. <ul><li>Motivated employees will focus their energy on improved productivity, quality, and implementing change successfully , rather than on health & safety concerns, workplace problems, and relations between employees and management. </li></ul>Employee Relations Improvement
  40. 42. <ul><li>Injuries that occur when the work area is disorganized, when work flow is awkward, when maintenance is being performed under pressure because of a breakdown, when employees are unaware of potential hazards and so on, may all be symptoms of other workplace issues that are impacting cost, reliability, productivity and quality. </li></ul>Reliability and Productivity Improvement
  41. 43. <ul><li>Responsible organizations understand that incidents that are a result of failure to assess hazards and implement control measures, will invite regulatory intervention, including stop work orders and, depending on severity, may result in charges. If an incident is serious (fire, explosion, significant employee illness due to toxic exposure, etc.) it can put the operation out of business. This is not bad luck. It is bad and negligent management . </li></ul>Business Interruption Protection
  42. 44. <ul><li>Expectations of society for safety and prevention of injuries and illnesses is increasing. Accidents put a “cloud” over a business and have a negative effect on its reputation. There is new focus on actions to prevent workplace injuries and illnesses rather than just adjudicate and pay claims. There is greater realization that occupational accidents, injuries and illnesses can be prevented. </li></ul>Public Trust
  43. 45. <ul><li>Corporate image is important regardless of company size. A high concern for safe operation and the health and well-being of employees is a positive message that is carried into the community not only by employees, but also by suppliers and customers </li></ul>Building Public Trust
  44. 46. <ul><li>Reliable, productive, cost effective organizations with employees who are motivated, skilled and focused on business goals is a sound foundation for the ability of business to respond quickly to market or competitive changes, to grow and expand. </li></ul><ul><li>Processes that are efficient, trouble free, reliable and cost effective are a sound basis for being able to respond to new demands and to handle growth. </li></ul>Building Organizational Capability
  45. 47. <ul><li>A reputation of a poor safety record may result in lower customer trust. A poor safety record is a reflection of how well a business is managed , and that may result in customers questioning how well other fundamentals of the business are managed such as quality, reliability, and ability to plan, schedule, and meet deadlines. </li></ul>Customer Trust
  46. 48. <ul><li>There is public expectation that workplace accidents can be prevented. There is greater regulatory realization that injuries and illnesses can be prevented. Safe operation is not a matter of luck. It is also not just a result of “careful” employees. It is a matter of knowledge and good management. The techniques and processes to prevent workplace injuries illnesses and losses are known and available. </li></ul>Workplace Injuries and Occupational Illnesses can be prevented
  47. 49. <ul><li>Many organizations have implemented “return to work” programs to help employees shorten their recovery time after an injury. These are good and important initiatives. However, if the injury or occupational illness had not occurred in the first place, then managing a return to work program would not be necessary. This is the total quality approach – eliminate defects by concentrating on improving the system. </li></ul>Managing Health & Safety Is Not The Same As Managing Claims
  48. 50. Thank you