Safety business


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Safety business

  1. 1. <ul><li>Anbr Cama </li></ul><ul><li>Presents </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Business </li></ul>
  2. 2. Safety Is Everybody's Business Environmental Health & Safety
  3. 3. Course Objectives <ul><li>Help you decide that safety IS everybody’s business, and why </li></ul><ul><li>Provide you with an understanding of accident causes </li></ul><ul><li>Explain safety responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For both employees and employers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Introduce you to specific safety topics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire safety, lab safety, office safety </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Why Worry about Safety? <ul><li>Why do you need to be concerned about safety? </li></ul>Hurt DOL EPA $$$$ Lost time WC Pain! Loss
  5. 5. Why Worry: Common Reasons <ul><li>Getting hurt isn’t fun!!! </li></ul>Not All Pain is Gain Nobody likes getting hurt Healthy employees are more productive employees
  6. 6. Why Worry: Common Reasons <ul><li>Getting hurt isn’t fun!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of Accidents </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cost of Accidents <ul><li>Direct Costs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Costs (including worker’s comp) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indemnity Payments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indirect Costs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time Lost (by worker and supervisor) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schedule delays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training new employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleanup time / equipment repairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal fees </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Cost of Accidents: <ul><li>On average, the indirect costs of accidents exceed the direct costs by a 4:1 ratio </li></ul>The Iceberg Effect
  9. 9. Cost of Accidents <ul><li>What does that mean for OSU? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FY 1997: 499 claims for $1,485,068 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FY 1999: 579 claims for $1,902,688 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FY 2000: 550 claims for $1,582,169 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Direct costs in Worker’s Compensation) </li></ul></ul>Multiply by four to estimate indirect costs to the University
  10. 10. Why Worry: Common Reasons <ul><li>Getting hurt isn’t fun!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of Accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Issues and Liability </li></ul>
  11. 11. Legal Issues and Liability <ul><li>As a result of safety violations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can be named in a lawsuit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal charges may be filed against you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can be cited by an enforcement agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can be fined by an enforcement agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your lab/workplace can be shut down by an enforcement agency </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Legal Issues and Liability <ul><li>Because of personal liability, and you can be named as a defendant in a lawsuit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working for the University does not protect you. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Legal Issues and Liability <ul><li>You can have criminal charges filed against you. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Negligent supervisors and employers have been charged with manslaughter </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Legal Issues and Liability <ul><li>You can be cited by an enforcement agency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State Department of Labor (DOL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DOL is currently inspecting departments on campus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They’ve already been here, and they’re coming back! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal OSHA has authority to get involved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GM plant in OKC </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Legal Issues and Liability <ul><li>You can be fined by an enforcement agency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State DOL will issue citations first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA will levy fines… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boston University was fined $750,000 in 1997 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brown University was fined $500,000 in 2000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>University of Hawaii was fined $1.7 million in December </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Legal Issues and Liability <ul><li>Cease and desist orders: if the violations are serious enough, agencies such as DOL, OSHA, and the EPA can (and will) shut down the job site until the problems are corrected. </li></ul><ul><li>EHS has issued cease and desist orders on OSU projects, as well. </li></ul>
  17. 17. So how do you protect yourself? ????????
  18. 18. Understanding Accident Causes <ul><li>Accidents are caused by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsafe conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsafe acts </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Accident Causes <ul><li>Unsafe Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easiest to correct (and very cost effective) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easiest to prevent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safety audits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safety inspections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance schedules for equipment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging employee reporting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good housekeeping </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Accident Causes <ul><li>Unsafe Acts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most difficult to address </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changing behavior isn’t easy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best prevented by developing a “safety culture” </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Safety Cultures <ul><li>Establish accountability for safety </li></ul><ul><li>Define safety responsibilities </li></ul>
  22. 22. Establishing Accountability: Performance Evaluations <ul><li>Employees should be evaluated on their safety performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doing a job correctly includes doing it safely </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OSU job description revisions may include generic job descriptions with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Must follow all general and safety policies and procedures as established by the department, college/division, and university.” </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Establishing Accountability <ul><li>Charge back systems </li></ul><ul><li>Safety goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accident costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment damage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lost time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accident rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First aid #s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Workers comp #s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss ratios (including automobile rates) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safety Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety meetings, inspections, using PPE </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Defining Responsibilities <ul><li>Employee responsibilities include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognizing safety hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting safety hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining good housekeeping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working safely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using personal protective equipment (PPE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making the most of safety training </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Defining Responsibilities <ul><li>Employer responsibilities include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing access to information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Haz Com - MSDSs, written program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bloodborne Pathogens – written program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lab Safety – chemical hygiene plan </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Defining Responsibilities <ul><li>Employer responsibilities (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing personal protective equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From OSHA 1910.132 : “Protective equipment, including personal protective equipment for eyes, face, head, and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory devices, and protective shields and barriers, shall be provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition wherever it is necessary by reason of hazards of processes or environment, chemical hazards, radiological hazards, or mechanical irritants encountered in a manner capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Defining Responsibilities <ul><li>Employer responsibilities (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hazard Communications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Annual & within first 30 days of employment, also when new hazards are introduced </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quarterly safety training (required by state) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Special programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laboratory </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bloodborne pathogens </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Respirators </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forklifts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Defining Responsibilities <ul><li>Employer responsibilities (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OSHA General Duty Clause: “Each employer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has the general duty to furnish each employee with employment and places of employment free from recognized hazards causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The specific duty of complying with safety and health standards promulgated under the act.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. So what does all this mean? <ul><li>It means that safety is everybody’s business. </li></ul><ul><li>From the moral aspect to the legal aspect, we all benefit from a safe work environment. </li></ul>
  30. 30. For more information: <ul><li>Check out the EHS website: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Call EHS at 4-7241 </li></ul><ul><li>Email me at: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31.