The Strategic Importance OfWorkplace Safety And Health Fatemeh Hashemi
Benefits Of A Safe And Healthy Workplace Organizations can become more effective if they have safer and healthy workplaces. Because:• They can have fewer day losts. Therefore they have higher productivity• They can increase efficiency and quality. Because they have healthier workforce.• They can reduce medical and insurance costs.• They can improve a good prestige. Everybody wants to work with them.
Results Of An Unsafe And Unhealthy Workplace There are lots of results of an unsafe and unhealthy workplace .The important results are• Injury and Disease: For example every year a lot of employees have back pain that reduce their job performance. And billions of Turkish Lira is spent each year to treat back pain.• Mental Health: Mental health is just as important as physical health. Depressive disorders represent one of the most common health problems of adult workforce.• Death and Violence: Sometimes, workplace injuries result in death.The most common workplace deaths are transportation accidents and contact with objects and equipment.• Economic Costs: Although deaths have reduced, the economic cost to businesses of workplace deaths and injuries remains high.
Promoting Safety And HealthWithin An Integrated HRM System There are lots of things that can be used for workplace safety and health.• Job Analysis and Competency Model Job analysis and competency modeling have shown that some personality characteri analyses predict workplace accidents and psychological symptoms.• Training: training is the most important activity that can be used to improve workplace safety and health. If you teach employees how to behave when an accident happens, they can be calm. The training of managers may include detailed explanations of the relevant laws and regulations that govern workplace safety and health.
The Organizational Environment• Internal environment factors: are important for workplace safety and health, include the organization’s culture and its leadership.• Leadership: Effective leaders do more than just talk about the importance of workplace safety.• External forces that are important to workplace safety and health include technologies, industry conditions, and the laws and regulations that govern this aspect of work.• Technology: The introduction of new technologies improves workplace safety and health.• Industry: Employees in some industries are more likely to be injured at work than others. In Turkey’s shipbuilding accident rate is extremely high. In fact, it is nearly 20 times higher than the developed countries• Laws and regulations: Every country has laws and regulations about workplace safety and health. I think in developed countries these laws are strict .On the other hand in developing countries they are passive.
Global Considerations With globalization, there has been an increasing awareness of differences in national standards for workplace safety and health.• Country differences: There are differences in national standards about workplace safety and health.• Global organizations: Two global organizations that strive to improve workplace safety and health in the world are the International Labour Organization and The World Health Organization.They strive to improve workplace safety and health around the world by educating employers and employees, developing knowledge about how to improve the health of workers, and establishing a shared view of the rights and responsibilities of employees and employers.
Safety And Health Hazards In The Workplace1-Organizational qualities1. The working conditions and time2. The tools and technology available to do the job3. The availability of guns brought to workThe size of the organization has also been shown to be related to incidence rates.Small organizations(those with fewer than 50 employees) and large organizations (thosewith more than 250 employees) have lower incidence rates than medium-sizedorganizations. Because supervisors in small organizations are better able to detect safetyhazards and prevent accidents than medium size ones, while larger organizations havemore resources to hire staff specialists who can devote their efforts to safety and accidentprevention.
Safety And Health Hazards In The Workplace2-Individual qualitiesAccidents result from the behaviors of people, the hazards in the workenvironment and pure chance. Certain psychological and physicalcharacteristics seem to make some people susceptible to accidents. Employeeswho have fewer accidents are more optimistic, trusting, and concerned forothers than those have more accidents.Employees under great stress are likely to have more accidents than thoseunder low stress.Older workers are less likely to have accidents. However, when older people dohave accidents, they are more likely to suffer facilities and they recover moreslowly.
Safety And Health Hazards In The Workplace 3-Violent employees Workplace homicides are primarily robbery related, and they often occur in grocery or convenience stores, drinking establishment, and gasoline service stations. Although it may be difficult to identify the violent employee before the fact, employers are urged to be on the lookout for some common signs, such as; Verbal threats; individuals often talk about what they may do Physical actions; troubled employees may try to intimidate others, flash a concealed weapon in the workplace to test reactions. Obsession: An employee may hold a grudge against a coworker or supervisor.
Workplace Stressors1-Organizational change : Often when changes are made, there is too littlecommunication about the necessity for change and the nature of changes to come. People become concerned about whether thechange will affect them.2-Physical environment:Office technologies can improve productivity, theymay also be reasons of stress, crowd,noise, lack of privacy, and lack of control.3-Stress-prone employees: People differ from in how they respond toorganizational stressors. A classic difference is referred to as type a people versustype b behaviors.4-The manager: Employees working for a bad boss experienced moreexhausting, job tension, nervousness, depressed moods, and mistrust.
Strategies For Improving Workplace Safety And HealthAccident Prevention: Designing the work environment to make accidents unlikely is perhaps the best way to prevent accidents and increase safety.Ergonomics: Ergonomics considers changes in the job environment in conjunction with the physical and physiological capabilities and limitations of the employees. Vary their tasks during the day Take small breaks every 30 minutes Take longer breaks every two hours Minimize the number of keystrokes whenever possible Have opportunities to learn about their job performance Reduce sources of environmental stress, such as heat, glare,or noiseHealth and Safety Committees: Such committees can be effective in reducing the frequency and severity of workplace injuries.