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The Problem Of Crime And Crime
Before we can discuss the causes of crime, it is first necessary to determine what we mean by the
word "crime". The legal definition of crime refers to "an action or omission which constitutes an
offence" and involves some sort of punishment – but as we will go on to explore, this definition fails
to capture the full complexity of the concept of crime. Likewise, the question of "what causes
crime" has generated a multifocal body of criminological work. This paper will demonstrate that it is
virtually impossible to pinpoint a single cause of crime that is applicable across all categories of
crime, ranging from sexual offences to white–collar crime, and although existing theories do give us
a good foundation for investigation, they are limited in this sense. This discussion will begin with a
brief unpacking of our conception of "crime", followed by an evaluation of various crime theories
and perspectives with particular focus on male violence as a cause of crime, an area that took
criminologists twenty years to begin exploring after feminist pressure.
The legal definition of crime simply points to punishable offences in statute and takes no account of
crime as a "social construction" – this is the idea that it is not some quality of the act that renders it
criminal, rather it is the reaction of society, a viewpoint central to Becker's Labelling Theory . What
we understand as "crime" is not inherently criminal and has been shaped by society. As Muncie
asserts, "crime has
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The Problem Of Crime And Crime
Crime Problem In The United States
Crime is a major problem in the United States. It is happening to often than it should. Everyday
there is always a crime story–taking place in the news or in the daily newspaper. It is difficult for
individuals to not be drawn to negativity happening in their community. There are many different
ideas on how to solve the crime problems that are happening in our country. First we need to have
stricter punishment and stick to it for all criminals. Many of the criminals are getting off with little
to no punishment, which sometimes they become repeat offenders. With some criminals having
good behavior while serving time, the justice system are allowing them be released early from
confinement and out on parole. This is unacceptable. If they committed
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The Problem Of Crime And Crime
Crime Is Not A Major Problem
The purpose of this paper is to critique ?Crime is not a major problem in Australia?.
The following will outline the definition of crime in the context of Australia, discuss and analyse
crime measurement methodology and the ability for the results to be an accurate assessment and
reflection of crime, to examine and compare differing perspectives of crime, and to research the
effect the media has upon the perceptions of crime and whether it can accurately determine whether
crime is a major problem in Australia.
Crime has always been socially defined, determined by morals ethics and perceptions, and leads to
varying and competing views and comprehensive debate. It can be universally agreed that the
definition of crime in terms of legal parameters and also defining crimes in terms of sociological
definitions, can be argued to be the main to focuses when attempting to answer this question. It
relies on existing social and cultural norms.
A basic conclusion is that crime is an act, whether determined by Parliamentary Legislation or not,
that attracts a legal punishment which are offences against the community (Blackburn, 1993, p. 17)
and that it is a reflection of society?s beliefs and norms of that particular time (McSherry, 2010) .
The Legal definition of crime in complex but simply explained as ?crime is an activity that the state
prohibits by law and punishes? (The Australian Law Dictionary, 2015, p. 199). However, critics of
the legal definitions of crime believe that
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The Problem Of Crime And Crime

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The Problem Of Crime And Crime

  • 1. The Problem Of Crime And Crime Before we can discuss the causes of crime, it is first necessary to determine what we mean by the word "crime". The legal definition of crime refers to "an action or omission which constitutes an offence" and involves some sort of punishment – but as we will go on to explore, this definition fails to capture the full complexity of the concept of crime. Likewise, the question of "what causes crime" has generated a multifocal body of criminological work. This paper will demonstrate that it is virtually impossible to pinpoint a single cause of crime that is applicable across all categories of crime, ranging from sexual offences to white–collar crime, and although existing theories do give us a good foundation for investigation, they are limited in this sense. This discussion will begin with a brief unpacking of our conception of "crime", followed by an evaluation of various crime theories and perspectives with particular focus on male violence as a cause of crime, an area that took criminologists twenty years to begin exploring after feminist pressure. The legal definition of crime simply points to punishable offences in statute and takes no account of crime as a "social construction" – this is the idea that it is not some quality of the act that renders it criminal, rather it is the reaction of society, a viewpoint central to Becker's Labelling Theory . What we understand as "crime" is not inherently criminal and has been shaped by society. As Muncie asserts, "crime has ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 3. Crime Problem In The United States Crime is a major problem in the United States. It is happening to often than it should. Everyday there is always a crime story–taking place in the news or in the daily newspaper. It is difficult for individuals to not be drawn to negativity happening in their community. There are many different ideas on how to solve the crime problems that are happening in our country. First we need to have stricter punishment and stick to it for all criminals. Many of the criminals are getting off with little to no punishment, which sometimes they become repeat offenders. With some criminals having good behavior while serving time, the justice system are allowing them be released early from confinement and out on parole. This is unacceptable. If they committed ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 5. Crime Is Not A Major Problem The purpose of this paper is to critique ?Crime is not a major problem in Australia?. The following will outline the definition of crime in the context of Australia, discuss and analyse crime measurement methodology and the ability for the results to be an accurate assessment and reflection of crime, to examine and compare differing perspectives of crime, and to research the effect the media has upon the perceptions of crime and whether it can accurately determine whether crime is a major problem in Australia. Crime has always been socially defined, determined by morals ethics and perceptions, and leads to varying and competing views and comprehensive debate. It can be universally agreed that the definition of crime in terms of legal parameters and also defining crimes in terms of sociological definitions, can be argued to be the main to focuses when attempting to answer this question. It relies on existing social and cultural norms. A basic conclusion is that crime is an act, whether determined by Parliamentary Legislation or not, that attracts a legal punishment which are offences against the community (Blackburn, 1993, p. 17) and that it is a reflection of society?s beliefs and norms of that particular time (McSherry, 2010) . The Legal definition of crime in complex but simply explained as ?crime is an activity that the state prohibits by law and punishes? (The Australian Law Dictionary, 2015, p. 199). However, critics of the legal definitions of crime believe that ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 7. Crime Is A Major Social And Political Problem Within Our... Research Proposal Introduction Fear of crime is a major issue within our society with Farrell et al stating that 'it is commonplace to assert that fear of crime has become a major social and political problem, perhaps bigger than crime itself'. With Leeds being known as a high risk area for crime in the UK with Leeds University and Leeds Beckett coming 6th and 7th respectively for the highest crime rate on The Complete University Guide students here are likely to have a strong fear towards becoming a victim of crime. Previous research has shown there are differences in the type of crimes that the different genders fear becoming victims of. (Rountree 1998) This research aims to investigate those differences and find out if they affect the lives of students in Leeds. The main aims are as follows: To establish whether their are differences in gender and fear of crime in Leeds. To know if these fears will affect a students life and behaviours. Literature Review Research in to students and fear of crime has found surprising results, with Universities considered fairly safe, it is surprising that students report high levels of fear towards crime. (McConnell 1997) As well as this high level of fear towards crime from students, previous research has shown us that there are many differences in the male and female fear of crime. Females have been repeatedly found to fear crime more than males (Fisher & Sloan, 2003) even though men are much more likely to become a victim of crime ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 9. Strategies for Alleviating the Gang Crime Problem Essay Introduction The definition of a gang crime by the law enforcement officials takes two dimensions but they employ one of the definitions in order to measure and tackle this problem in the society. The first definition considers gang–related all crimes committed by individuals who belong to a particular gang without regard to the circumstances surrounding such crimes or the nature of the offense. This therefore is a member–based definition of gang crime. Another but more restrictive definition is that a gang crime is committed if and when such occurs as part of the function of a gang or for the benefit of the gang and therefore is strictly gang–motivated. Based on the evidence that gang– motivated crimes constitute more than half of gang ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Peer groups are unorganized and small groups of individuals who have a common background and share the same space. Their involvement in crime is not at any significant level and therefore its influence on the identity of the group is not important. Peer groups are the lowest level of gangs. The intermediate level is comprised of more organized groups of young people in the streets whose motive of participating in criminal activities is strongly attached to the identity of the group so that the groups assign themselves names. This level therefore is made up of gangs. Finally, there are the organized criminal groups whose motive of committing crimes is for personal gains and this may likely be their main occupation. These organized criminal groups base their operations in the illegal market place(le.ac.uk, n.d).Gang crime is an issue of concern which touches many aspects of a society. Not only is it a social problem but also a political as well as an economically related issue. The most affected are the young people who have increasingly joined gangs due to many factors personal, familial or social. This case study will discuss this topic in relation to the different findings on the trends, causes and the responses to alleviate gang crime. Findings Trends in gang crime The problem of gang crime has seen an increasing trend in the United Kingdom but the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 11. Problems of Society (Law, Crime, Punishment) Problems of Society (Law, Crime, Punishment) Definition of Legal system Legal systems can be split between civil law and common law systems. The term "civil law" referring to a legal system should not be confused with "civil law" as a group of legal subjects distinct from criminal or public law. A third type of legal system–accepted by some countries without separation of church and state–is religious law, based on scriptures. The specific system that a country is ruled by is often determined by its history, connections with other countries, or its adherence to international standards. The sources that jurisdictions adopt as authoritatively binding are the defining features of any legal system. Yet classification is a matter of form ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... We all get attacked by those faulty ethereal goblins of our minds and hearts, but most of us succeed to resist them. It's easy to act on anger, greed, revenge or any of highlighted above, but it takes courage and strength to determine that there is something more important than that. There are two core reasons why weakness prevails with some: 1) Lack of faith, not believing enough in the power of one's own internal weapons (against inner demons), such as: courage, tolerance, understanding, forgiveness, mercy, honesty, sincerity, integrity, honor, modesty, humbleness, generosity, love, compassion, kindness, detachment, patience, self–discipline, temperance, etc. As a result of not trusting inner resources, there is no enough motivation to develop them and use them. Art Solutions – get the free crime cure; watch inspirational films and read inspirational stories of good qualities conquering the bad ones. 2) Imbalance – most criminals are simply too strong physically, pumping up the body muscles, but not enough the mental and emotional muscles. The reason why their strength becomes weakness is because they are not balanced. Art Therapy Solutions – get the free artistic crime cure; watch the movie trilogy 'Samurai' by legendary Japanese director Hiroshi Inagaki. It tells the story of the greatest Samurai warrior in Japan – Musashi Miyamoto, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 13. Should Sociologists Attempt To Combat The Social Problem... Distinguish between crime as a social and sociological problem. To what extent should sociologists attempt to combat the social problem of crime? Although similar in most senses, social and sociological problems have completely different meanings. A social problem is an issue that exists within a society, which individuals are opposed to. A sociological problem on the other hand is an issue that arises and is discovered by sociologists due to sociological research. "Sociologists study human social lives, activities, interactions, processes, and organizations within the context of larger social, political, and economic forces. They examine how social influences affect different individuals and groups, and the ways organizations and institutions ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... It is a violation of social norm, and therefore crime can also be described as an act of deviance. Deviance can be both a minor or major offence. So how do sociologists go about combatting this problem? An act of Social control can be defined broadly as an organized action intended to change people's behaviour (Innes 2003). The fundamental goal of social control is to maintain social order and the everyday behaviours on which individuals base their lives. One method for implementing rules are through sanctions. Sanctions can be positive and also negative. Positive sanctions are prizes given for fitting in with standards. Negative sanctions are disciplines for disregarding standards. Black (1976) distinguishes four key styles of social control, each of which characterizes deviance and the proper reaction to it in an alternate way. Penal social control capacities by denying certain social practices and reacting to infringement with discipline. Compensatory social control obliges a wrongdoer to pay a casualty to make up for a mischief submitted. Therapeutic social control includes the utilization of treatment to return people to a typical state. Conciliatory social control expects to accommodate the gatherings of a debate and commonly restore agreement to a social relationship that has been harmed. While penal and compensatory social controls accentuate the utilization of assents, helpful and mollifying social controls stress procedures of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 15. The Problem Of Hate Crimes Given everything that has been going on in this country, people turn to hate crimes and rioting thinking it is the best solution to solve every problem given to us by the government and the media. One of the big problems is the media, whether it be the news on TV or the internet, they contort every problem to conform to what they want there viewers to believe. As one of my college professors told me "sometimes the media has to create their own problems so they can cover the story" (Riggenbach), ok something like that. For example, there was a story on the news where someone caught a cop shooting what looked like a homeless man. Since more people watch the news on TV versus reading a story on a website they don't get the whole thing. What had ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 17. Problem Of Gun Crime The major problems with gun crime occur because lots of guns are illegally resold. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms study recently claimed that "half of all gun seized from young criminals were purchased legally by straw buyers and then resold." This suggests that the problematic direct–buyers are mostly not criminals but straw buyers. With this fact, minimizing or limiting resell firearms business is the main goal to deal with this strategy. To minimize or limit any resell gun business, one of the best way is to put strict liability on resell gun business. Since the government regulations and laws have worked well to prevent the direct sale between the firm and criminal, the additional rule over first hand buyer can only be better. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 19. The Problem Of White Collar Crime White collar crime is a problem that we do not really see the full extent of; Geis and Stotland (1980) present the argument that the seriousness of victimisation caused by many corporations is much greater than that caused by common crimes however the public seem much less interested and concerned with white collar crime. Some traditional criminological theories have attempted to prove that white collar crime is not a different and separate phenomenon to common, every day crime. Robert Merton's Strain Theory is applied to everyday crime, however his theory was in fact set up as an economic theory that he believed could explain all types of corporate crimes as well as traditional crimes. Gottfredson and Hirschi also provided what they understood to be a 'General Theory of Crime' with Control Theory, which they also believed to be relevant to both white collar and traditional crimes. I am going to discuss these theories in detail and show how they do, and do not provide sufficient explanations of white collar crimes. I am also going to include Organizational Theory in my discussion which looks at the issue of understanding crime in a different way. Traditional theories such as strain theory and control theory form a certain understanding of the issue, on the contrary some argue that these theories are not appropriate and need twisting to fit the issue, some suggesting a completely separate way of thinking is needed to understand white collar and corporate crime. White collar ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 21. Is Youth Crime A Problem To Society? Is youth crime really a problem to society? Young people have been a main focus in society. Since 1960 there has been an increase in youth crime which is the reason as to why there are major adult concerns (Newburn, 2013). "Government became more harsh and intrusive in dealing with young people who were seen to be a problem" (France, 2007, pg.19). Older generations perceive young people as having less morals and respect in comparison to what they did at their age (Newburn, 2013). In particular, society views the youth of today as troublemakers, lazy, untrustworthy and unreliable. There are different theories that provide an explanation between involvement in offending and different factors such as family factors and wider social factors which will be discussed below. There is debate whether youth crime is really a problem to society or just an issue that is constructed by society. It is argued that media has influenced society's views on this matter by categorising young people as 'folk devils' (Banks, 2013). Certain groups, episodes and people that pose a threat to society's values is when a moral panic takes place (Cohen, 1972). For example, this can be seen nowadays when there is no actual threat but old people get intimidated when they see large groups of young people hanging about on streets. These influences led to policy change, increasing the level of social control. This means that youth crime may be perceived as a moral panic rather than an actual problem. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 23. The Problem Of Crime Rates Overview of the Problem I currently the Chief of Police in Savannah, Georgia and the problem that our city in currently facing is an increase in the crime rate in the city especially in the area of violent crimes. Violent crime rose 8.8 percent in 2014 over the previous year with robberies and shooting accounting for most of those crimes. The city reported "32 homicides in 2014, which was two more than 2013, and the number of rapes increased from 49 to 64". The City Manager and City Council has informed me that these numbers are unacceptable and in an effort to control, the rising crime rate I propose the following measures (McCammon, 2015). Constraints and Lack of Resources One of the largest constraints due to lack of resources we face in controlling crime in the Savannah Police Department is the shortage of police officers. On any given week between the five different precincts there can be a shortage of 50 to 60 officers overall. As a result, the officers spend most of their time responding to 911 calls and therefore do not have time to staff their beats or practice crime prevention. This also does not allow them any time to interact with the public, which is an important part of crime prevention, and it can leave a precinct un–patrolled if they receive as few as three overlapping calls that require a back up as six officers can be all that is available during a short staff shift. In addition, it results in neglected citizens complaints as it leaves the officers little ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 25. The Social Problem Of Crime This information analysis focuses on the social problem computer crime, but more specifically identity theft. In this paper, I analyzed six different articles from various sources. I chose cyber crime as my topic because I have an interest in computers and coding. I also like to watch documentaries and a television show on cybercrime scene investigations. Analyzing articles on this topic will help me develop further knowledge on this topic and how it is considered a social problem in our society. Computer crime refers to any violation of the law in which a computer is the target or means of criminal activity (Mooney, Knox, & Schacht, 2014, p.113). Computer crime is also known as cybercrime. Cybercrime continues to have far reaching effects because it affects individuals, companies, and organizations and is increasingly a problem in the globalized world we live in. This is because we rely so much on cell–phones, computers, and us many social network sites. Cybercrime is considered a social problem because it negatively affects a large group of people in our society. In 2014, there were 1.5 million cyber attacks worldwide ("IBM Cyber Security Intelligence Index," 2015, pg.13). One type of computer crime is identity theft. Identity theft is the use of someone else's personal information to obtain credit or other economic rewards (Mooney, et al, 2014, pg.113). Identity theft first became a crime in 1998, when Congress passed the Identity Theft and Assumption Deterrence Act ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 27. The Problem Of High Crime Rate From a lot of our class discussions, as well as interactions from with other students on campus I feel that a prevalent issue both to our school, and citizens of the downtown Tampa area in general is safety. As students on campus we receive almost weekly emails from the school's security department informing us somebody, usually a student, getting robbed or accosted in some way by an unknown person and that police are investigating. Rarely do we get emails saying the person was caught, this has lead to some students to begin to feel unsafe in the areas around campus. So the issue is how to lower crime rate in the area, and increase the safeness for citizens and for students in particular. The first step in addressing this problem is figuring out what is happening. The first thing would be to look up the crime reports from both the university security and Tampa police department in the areas surrounding the school. The first thing this helps us determine is if there has been a rise in crime in recent years or if it is an ongoing problem. If there is a rise we can look at the areas where the rise occurred and focus there, if not we know problem is for the area as a whole. Second by looking at the crime reports we can look at both the areas where the crimes are happing and the situations that resulted in the incident. Information like time of incident, information of victim; i.e. age, race, gender, sex, etc., if the victim was alone or intoxicated and other information to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 29. The Problem Of Hate Crime "To live in this life, one needs a soul". That is a sentence in a famous song of Trinh Cong Son, a very well–known composer in Vietnam. Although this is not a speech from a worldwide popular artist, the sentence is completely true. Without soul, crimes are available everywhere. People will not think of each other, and they only care about themselves. They will fight each other over their interests. People should understand that having soul is a luckiest thing they have. However, human do not understand or do not want to understand this truth, they create hatred, grudge, and crimes. Day to day, crimes are present everywhere around the world. One of the crimes, which is very common, is hate crime. Hate crime has been appeared for a long time. It was formed when human know what is hatred and grudge. However, people recently defined this crime when many incident happened such as the incident of James Byrd, Matthew Shepard, and Harvey Milk. Those incidents were one of the largest and noticeable hate crimes at those periods of time. These hate crimes were and have been attractive a lot to media and people. Although these crimes left a lot of consequences, many hate crimes like these still happen, and they are unstoppable. Hate crimes never stop happening. What is hate crime? How is it different to other crimes and how can people distinguish it to other ones? Hate crime is simply a normal crime such as a murder or an attack on a person or group of people with addition of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 31. The Problem Of Crime Filled Neighborhood A run down, crime filled neighborhood is looked at as something that needs improvement and changing. Similar to a piece of furniture, people with money try to refurbish it and make it look new while taking away the dinginess. However with neighborhoods it is not this simple. Many people are quick to assume that by gentrifying a neighborhood, the amount of crime will decrease and this is not a far–fetched thought. It seems self explanatory– large amounts of crime occur in low–income neighborhoods therefore if higher income residents and homes replace those poorer residents and homes, the large amounts of crime will no longer exist. However, gentrification is a complex process and although it may look as if the process is a great thing, it ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Even when coffee shops and gang heavy neighborhoods "...cross paths in a neighborhood, one high rank will not over come the other high rank..." (580). Both of these types of gentrification, in which their was no government involvement, showed how gentrification can reduce the rates of crime, specifically gang related homicides. Contrary to the types of gentrification mentioned above, when it came to the state involved gentrification, it was a different story than the other two types. The study proved though you can invade it, you cannot simply take away a criminals territory to decrease crime. State involved gentrification in this study was the demolition of public housing and this process "significantly increased gang homicide over time" (584). Public housing is housing sponsored by the government and because the government doesn't always consider what is best for poorer neighborhoods, the homes are often times run down and located in crime heavy areas. The demolition of these homes causes "an immediate effect of displacement and gang turf disruption on gang violence" (578). This demolition left people without territories and really nowhere to go, something that increased homicides. In addition to increasing gang related homicides, removing housing and territories causes "untended persons and property are fair game for plunder" (Skogan 216). This study and many others have proved "just ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 33. The Problem Of Hate Crimes "They say that boys will be boys, but what do we make of boys when they attempt to lynch another child, or put on Ku Klux Klan outfits and burn a cross in the back yard?"(Children committing hate crimes). This startling article by CNN caught the attention of many people across the United States of America. The article also exposed a problem the United States is facing today: hate crimes. From the astonishing number of active hate group organizations to the hate crimes affecting young people, America has a major predicament. It is time for the US to wake up and face the major problem with hate crimes. According to one source, teens and young adults are involved in and affected by hate crimes more than many people realize. The study states that twelve percent of teens were victims of hateful crimes (Children committing hate crimes). Another startling statistic is that thirty–six percent of students have seen hateful inscriptions and scrawlings,known as hate graffiti, at their schools (Children committing hate crimes). Those who have seen the profane and offensive –often hateful– markings will usually ignore the graffiti because it either does not pertain to them, or they simply do not care. However, when oneself is the subject of the message, it is very disheartening to see something like that in textbooks and hallways of schools. It is even more disheartening to find out that hate crimes are committed by one's own peers. An example of hate crimes committed by young teens ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 35. The Growing Problem of White Collar Crimes in India The Growing Problem of White Collar Crimes in India "The practitioners of evil, the hoarders, the profiteers, the black marketers and speculators are the worst enemies of our society. They have to be dealt with sternly, however well placed important and influential they may be; if we acquiesce in wrongdoing, people will lose faith in us"– Dr Radhakrishnan Methodology The research methodology used for the present research article is traditional Doctrinal research method. As most of the information can be sought form the available literature. So the researcher has chosen doctrinal method as method of research for the present article and has used books, journals, research articles for ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The term 'crime' is also contentious as many of the harmful activities of businesses or occupational groups are not subject to criminal law and punishment but to administrative or regulatory law and 'penalties' or 'sanctions. Therefore, a region specific definition of White Collar Crime can be:–– "White Collar Crime is an illegal act or series of illegal act for achieving an illegal objective committed by any person by non–physically or non–violent means and by guile, to gain money or property wrongfully or to avoid payment of legal dues or retain money or property wrongfully as to obtain wrongful business of personal advantage." White Collar Crimes Broad Categories This list is indicative of the broad categories of White Collar Crime prevalent in India and all over the world but cannot be considered comprehensive. Bank Fraud––To engage in an act or pattern of activity where the purpose is to defraud a bank of funds, Blackmail––A demand for money or other consideration under threat to do bodily harm, to injure property, to accuse of a crime, or to expose secrets, Bribery––When money, goods, services, information or anything else of value is offered with intent to influence the actions, opinions, or decisions of the taker, Cellular Phone Fraud––The unauthorized use, tampering, or manipulation of a cellular phone or service, Computer fraud––Where ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 37. The Problem Of Crime And Crime Crime is one of the most major problems not only in the United States but around the world. There are many root causes for crimes that are committed . For example, root causes such as; parental inadequacy, conflict, criminality, lack of communication, lack of respect and responsibility, the abuse and neglect of children, and family violence are reasons for why some crimes are committed. Moreover, most people believe that poverty, family background, low self–esteem, alcohol are as well factors of crime. Explaining why some people commit the crimes they commit. Crime can also effect just about anyone to some degree. Whether this may effect you, family or friends. Victimless crimes including; prostitution, drug abuse, and gambling have a major effect with social consequences. With that said, communities and governments spend public funds for; police departments, prisons, jails, courts, and treatment programs. Also publically funding for the salaries of prosecutors, judges, public defenders, social workers, security guards, and probation officers. There are also the traumatic impacts on friends and the disruption of family.Behavior can forever be changed and shaped by crime, whether it be weighing the risks of going to certain places or even the fear of making new friends. Parenting is a crucial factor for any child 's mental and emotional development. Even if the relationship between parents and children is bidirectional, parents or even primary caregivers are still ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 39. The Problem Of Crime And Crime The way that people analyze crime has evolved throughout history and has many different forms. Today, I am going to briefly explain some of the different theories that are used to study the subject of crime and criminality. What I will be evaluating these theories against will be small scale property crime such as theft. Anomie theory states that with the idea of the American dream and economic success that the stress created by not meeting the "American Dream" standard creates strain (Merton, 2013). Additionally, if social institutions are weak such as the family, then the economic institution becomes dominant and creates an imbalance, which in turn leads to higher crime rates (Merton, 2013). According to Messner (1982) crime has been theoretically linked to poverty in both its subsistence and the relative deprivation that is conceptualized. This just adds support to how not being able to achieve the "American Dream" can cause turmoil in the family life and can lead to more criminality. When used to explain small scale property crime Anomie theory could explains it strongly. If someone cannot meet the "American Dream" standard then they may begin to pursue other means to meeting that goal. This could definitely lead to many different crimes with property crime being one of them. You can't afford to go out and buy the American Dream. So maybe stealing the American dream is the next best thing. Strain theory states that when a person can't obtain success, then that person ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 41. The Problem Of Cyber Crime Introduction Qualified candidates are limited since, for those investigating or examining cyber–crime must be highly trained specialists, requiring detective and technical skills, including knowledge of various IT hardware and software, and forensic tools. Nevertheless, in the modern world computer or computer related crime makes up a great amount of percentage of all the crimes happiness which is bound to increase. The Office for Victim Assistance ensures that victims of crimes investigated by the FBI are presented the opportunity to receive the services and notification as required by federal law guidelines Issues law enforcement must deal with regarding digital crime and terrorism. The number of police agencies with advanced or computer crime unit has increased extensively over the last several years, but the majority of these agencies serve large urban populations (Wolf, 2009). Also, prosecutors and judges are turning out to be well versed in computer crime and the unique law and vagaries inherent in these cases. Thus, it has been unclear how well the state and local law enforcement agencies are equipped to handle these offenses. For instance, a study of forensic examiners found that they are frequently overworked and experience stress related to their work. Actually, for those who were interviewed, half of them felt that they did not have the workforce to complete their tasks at work (Wolf, 2009). In addition, assessors recognize that they need greater training ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 43. The Problem Of Organized Crime Essay Organized crime is a major problem around the world and only grows larger as time goes on. They increase in size and influence daily and become more of a threat to anyone who has the displeasure of interacting with them. These gangs, as they're often called, deal in weapons, drugs, and human trafficking, selling means to kill people, ruin their lives, or just plainly sell people. Unfortunately actions such as these are commonplace nowadays among gangs as they become more and more ruthless. We need to rid ourselves of gangs, that much is clear. However, nowadays we're not in a position to do so. Everyone in the country needs to understand the dangers of gangs and how they can grow anywhere despite law enforcement. Because it's not the police that can do away with gangs for good, it's the citizen 's' responsibility to ensure these gangs never grow and prosper. A problem facing the common citizen regarding this problem is their perception of gangs, how they view gangs and how they think gangs operate. To the average person when they think of a gang, they think of some teenagers smoking on a street corner brandishing knives. And while that's partially true, it's very far from the whole truth. When it comes to organized crime, there is no one type of gang, there different types of gangs varying in their size, influence, and how dangerous they are. At the bottom of the food chain is the street gangs consisting of a few dozen members at most and, like the name implies, they ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 45. My Design Problem In Victim Against Crime My design problem for this script was that I wanted to adapt a short story that I had written into a film format. Another aspect of my design problem is taking such an impactful event that occurred over the span of many years and compacting the story properly. I previously wrote a short story about the brutal rape and murder of my cousin, Quenette Shehane. Although it is a terrible event, a lot of good came out of it through my great–aunt, Miriam Shehane, advocating for victims rights with her organization, Victims Against Crime and Leniency (V.O.C.A.L.). I am very passionate about this story, as it has changed my life even though I never had the chance to meet Quenette since she died in 1976. Thus, I wanted to challenge myself and put ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 47. The Problem Of Hate Crimes Abstract Over the past decade school violence has been on the rise. School violence has always existed in some form or another, whether it is a fight out on the playground or a stabbing in the parking lot. However nothing got the nation 's attentions like on April 20, 1999, Columbine school shooting. Ever since that day the nation wants to know what to do to protect the kids in this country. Violence motivated by a bias against victims' characteristics which include race, religion, ethnic background, national origin, gender, or sexual orientation, represents a serious threat to all communities. Experts estimate that a bias–related crime is committed every 14 minutes. Criminal justice officials and state policy makers need to realize that it is key to make or adjust hate crime legislation. This has been a heated debate for centuries. The key to solving the ever–growing problem of hate crimes is more hate crime legislation. Crimes The news of Columbine was all over the TV, newspapers, and in every social aspect of life. This left parents no choice but to discuss the incident with their children. After Columbine, there seemed to be more and more reports of school violence, more shooting, bombings, and knives being brought to school. A school is defined as "an institution for teaching and learning". However, today 's educational institutions include punishment, violence, and misbehavior. When we find ourselves glued to the television because of another school ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 49. Teenage Crime Is A Social Problem Of The World 's Attention In recent years, teenage crime has become a social problem of the world 's attention. At the same time, the teenage crime increasing both in number and in dimension. Most of the crime forms concentrated in robbery, serious injury, rape, and other show the young ages tendency. This phenomenon has become a serious problem that endangers public security and the impact of society development. There are three significant causes of teenage crime: incorrect family education, social factors, and individual teenage problems. The first cause of the teenage crime is incorrect family education. The family is the first class for teenagers, and the parents are the first teachers. Proper family education is extremely important and a lifelong influence on the healthy growth of teenagers. Many parents are busy with working or get divorced. They do not have time to attend to children. It causes the teenager become introverted,and they hate the opposite genders. The abnormal mentality misleads them. Likewise, if the teenage lives in the surrounding, which the parents do something that is not allowed by the social norms; and it will make the teenagers to form the wrong values and exert a subtle influence on their behaviors. Similarly, the parents' education methods are simple and rude also causing the crime of teenagers. Some parents do not respect children and do not listen to their children, and they think that abuse and reprimanding their children is a good way to correct them when they ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 51. Guns And Crime Is Not A Serious Problem Essay Many people think that guns and crime is not a serious problem in the United States or other countries. Also, many people are thinking that there are no connection between guns and crime. However, guns and crime have important connection. Also, guns and crime is important issue in the United States America and other country such as South Korea. Nowadays, you can watch or hear news about guns and crime a lot for every day and everywhere. Guns and crime have serious relationship. Thus, it is really need for you to learn about guns and crime. Also, you and other people should try to solve the problem exactly. After read this research paper, you can learn about guns and crime, and surely you can feel interesting about guns and crime. Also, you can remind your thinking of guns and crime. Your think of guns and crime will change after see my paper. Guns and crime meaning is that crime involving the use of a gun. The relation between guns and crime are both so complex and unique because always crime happen because of using guns and most of serious crime is related with gun such as murder, homicide. Thus, I think guns and crime is inextricable relationship. We should solve guns and crime problem at least a little bit although guns and crime can't solve clearly. Also, their relationship is so serious to the entire world. Thus, people are always concerning about how can we reduce guns and crime rate. Additionally, people try to figure out ways of solving guns and crime problems. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 53. The Problem Of Crime And Gun Violence Although it seems like the problem of crime and gun violence is never approached or discussed, there are leaders within America tirelessly working to find a solution to help decrease crime. Alex Yablon puts it like this in his article on The Trace, saying "the lack of progress on the federal level should not be confused with a lack of proposed solutions to America 's gun violence epidemic – there are plenty of those, on both sides of the table." Yablon means there are some bills that would limit the access to guns as well as bills that would prevent the enforcement of restrictions on guns. However, he is not the only one to have an opinion of how the government is viewing crime and gun violence. John Donohue, in his article Gun Control: What We can learn from other Advanced Countries, points out that besides being the world leader in the amount of guns available to citizens, the U.S. does not seem to be making much progress on finding a solution. Donohue also goes on to say that, "the stricter gun laws of other 'advanced countries' have restrained homicidal violence, suicides and gun accidents," despite there being protest by the armed citizens (Newsweek Magazine Web). These two men each hold different viewpoints when it comes to how they think crime and gun violence is being addressed by the government, however, each of their viewpoints presents a valid opinion in regards to the issue. Still, in order to fully understand what is going on at the federal level, one has to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 55. The Problem Of Crime Rate Abstract Crime is a big problem in the world. Many believe that nothing can be done to prevent it. The crime rates are increasing rapidly all around the world. Crime is not easy to completely remove from our society. For many years Scientist and psychologists have argued over whether upbringing forms of a child's behavior or whether they are born with a personality disorder, or could it be the way their brain is set up or their body type? Society may never really know all the causes of this criminal behavior. With all the disagreement going on with the subject on "the causes of criminals", the controversial question would be "Are criminals born, or made?" There are so many reasons behind the increased crime rate. I believe to figure out why the crime rate is rapidly increasing, it is important to figure out the main cause and treat it. With proper measures like straight laws, sufficient punishments, good moral and education, we may be able to avoid the crimes to a certain extent. In today society, crime rate is increasingly on the rise. The crimes that are being caused are stealing, poverty, desperation, kidnap, rape, robbery, physical fighting, substance abuse, and many other crimes that are not mentioned. For many years it has been said that a person's parents are the root to make the person they become as an adult. A child's role model would mainly be their parents, but as a person's age and grows older. They start to have other influence in their lives. Such as ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 57. The Problem With Crime In Anderson, Indiana The citizens of Anderson, Indiana know that the town has its ups and downs. From the outside looking in Anderson appears to be a safe and peaceful place to live. However , Anderson has a major problem with crime that needs to be immediately addressed. It's really not a super bad place to live at all, it's so small everybody know each other especially on the westside of town. Anderson has a issue with crime but also drugs as well. The crime rate has shot up over the years. People of Anderson seem to be kind of out of control. The crime has gotten bad because the poverty level has gone up. More and more citizens of Anderson are unemployed. Most people out living off a helpful , welfare and food stamp checks. It's only certain kind of crimes that go on in Anderson, Indiana . Anderson highest crime is property crime. Most citizens that are related to crimes mostly break into others homes or grand theft auto. These crimes are due to the current drug problem in Anderson. Many citizens in Anderson has money issues. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Many families don't have any source of income. Distributing drugs is the only source of income for those that made the wrong choices in life. Lack of parent support effect the younger ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 59. Social Problems From Crime, Criminal Justice, And... Social Problems from Crime, Criminal Justice, Juvenile Delinquency, Prison System, and Incarceration Billy Marquardt There are many different situations going on in the United States. What is going on in our country becomes a social issues that the whole country will have to deal with. Crime, criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, the prison system, and incarceration are all problems that are prevailing in our media. Flaws in the system, violence, and outbreaks are making people more aware of what is really going on around them. An uneasy feeling has started settling into American's because of what is happening around them. Either media plays up situations misleading American's, the people don't like the truths that they are hearing, or a combination of both. It has started a cause and effect action. Something bad happens in our country and the people retaliate in peaceful or violent ways. People are starting to treat each other differently because of skin color, job titles, and gender. This is producing tension with every problematic occurrence. Crime in the United States from 2014 to 2013 has decreased. According the FBI's page, the definition of "violent crime" is, composed of four offenses: murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Violent crimes are those offenses that involve force or threat of force. These crimes have decreased from a little over 1.250,000 to an estimated 1,165,383 nationwide.(Lowe) ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 61. Crimes Are Illegal Behavior That Could Cause Many Problems Crimes are illegal behaviour that could cause many problems. There are several approaches of crimes: Psychological, Social, and Legal. Crimes are defined as "an act or the commission of an act that is forbidden or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law" in merriam–webster.com. In other words, they are a violation of the property,, money, spirit, or honor of others. There is no specific date for the crimes, but there is the percentage which varies according to time and place. Most out of date crimes in Europe represent an assault on religion. During the fourteenth century in England, the villagers were not allowed to send their children to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... People cannot live in a place if it is not safe. Therefore, declining population in the cities is a natural outcome. This paper aims to introduce the topic of crimes in a very broad sense and let the reader find answers on his or her own. Subsequently, the purpose of this paper is to elaborate on crimes in terms of their types, causes, and effects to reduce them. First of all, I would like to clarify the types of crimes in our society. There are three kinds of crimes: Personal Crimes, Property Crimes, and Cybercrimes. "Personal crimes are violent crimes that result in physical, emotional, or psychological harm to the victim depending on state laws" (Shoener). Also, there are many kinds of personal crimes. The first one is assault and beating. Although "assault" and "beating" are two personal crimes, many states merge them into the one crime of "assault and beating"because most of the assault crimes are punctuated by beating and violence to the victim for threatening him or her. The second is homicide: it is the ugliest form of crime because of the loss of life whether intentionally or unintentionally. In a homicide, it doesn 't matter what the tool is. Whether by weapon, fist or poison, the punishment will be the same dose no matter what kind of tools they used. The third kind of personal crime is sexual abuse, often referred to as molestation. It is defined as the undesirable touching of another, in a sexual manner, without approval. Sexual abuse ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 63. Resolving the Social Problem of Crime Resolving a Social Problem: As mentioned in the first assignment, one of the main social problems in the modern society is crime, which is basically defined as an offense against public law. Since it is a major social problem, crime has significant effects on victims, the society, and social institutions. Crime is a multi–faceted social problem because it involves personal responsibility as well as social, cultural, and political aspects that contribute to it. It is also a social problem that should be understood from a social context because it does not occur in a social vacuum. Due to the social nature of crime and its impact on the society, there are several organizations that seek to address this social problem. These organizations range from governmental agencies to community based organizations with different ways for addressing the problem. Some examples of organizations committed to this social problem include National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA) and Crime Prevention Coalition of America. Objectives of these Organizations: The mission of National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA) is to promote dignity and compassion for individuals harmed by crime and crisis ("Nova Overview", n.d.). Therefore, the organization is committed to addressing the social problem by focusing on victims of crime and victims of crisis. National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA) has been operating as a private, not–for–profit, and charitable organization ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 65. The Problem Of Teenage Crime Teenage crime is a very important problem that the united states is facing these days. It erodes our country economically and morally. The government, along with parents are still trying to come up with a solution to this international problem. Rising aggression, especially among teenagers is very harmful to the society as a whole, and their reasons behind this are more compound and more complex then we could ever imagine. The majority of Crimes committed by teenagers includes gang violence, theft, assault and even murder. The most important factors that trigger these teens to commit these acts are their family life, media, and the collapse of their community. Family conditions proved to be a direct effect on a teenager 's behavior. Positive family environments provide a strong base for the development of a child. From the very first years, a child 's development and the way they act are influenced by the environment they encounter. Whenever a teenager isn 't getting the right support needed, they often turn to acts of violence to get their parents attention or let out their aggression from their inner feelings. living in a dysfunctional household where everything is unstable and the family lives a transient lifestyle, they often move around and aren 't stable enough to stay in one place. When this happens there are greater risks of the teen dropping out of school and they then become bored and run the streets and the streets often lead them to hanging with the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 67. The Mentally Ill O FF Ender Treatment And Crime Reduction... The Mentally Ill Offender Treatment and Crime Reduction Act of 2004: Problems and Prospects by Christine M. Litschgea and Michael G. Vaughn, is a research article whose focus is three–fold. First, the researchers reviewed the literature available on the components that have influenced the considerable increases of incarcerated persons with severe mental illness (SMI). Secondly, they analyzed the Mentally Ill Offender Treatment and Crime Reduction Act of 2004 (MIOTCRA), and evaluated if, since its inception, has reduced the problems associated with incarcerated persons with SMI. Thirdly, they offered recommendations about policy improvements; how to decrease the number of SMI persons imprisoned. The researchers state that SMI offenders are ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Lastly, they propose recommendations, these are based on the outcome of their reviews and analyses, which include: effecting and requiring enforcement of policies already in existence, decreasing the number of individuals with untreated SMI by changing outpatient commitment specifications, which would require close monitoring of patients' compliance with treatment, thus reducing the overall number of SMI individuals becoming involved in the criminal justice system at all. They also recognized the need for evidence–based programs, and additional research to investigate the actual effectiveness of MHC's and public mental health services. Analysis and Evaluation The issue chosen by the researchers, is a relevant issue facing the criminal justice system. The predominance of mental health problems among incarcerated persons in both prisons and jails present major problems for each component of the criminal justice system; law enforcement, courts, and corrections. The entire criminal justice system is negatively impacted and overburdened by untreated mental illness. According to Bureau of Justice Statistics, more than half of all prison and jail inmates have a mental health problem (James & Glaze, 2006). The author's present important and substantial findings from prior studies and literature reviews. The information and data offered was comprehensive and well–supported, it was clear that the authors had conducted a thorough ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 69. Examine and Assess the Usefulness of One of the Following... Examine and assess the usefulness of one of the following theories of crime and deviance in terms of explaining crime and the social problems in modern society. A subculture is a cultural subgroup. They are considered opposite from the mainstream culture because of their uniqueness. They form when the mainstream culture fails to meet the needs of a particular group of people. Subculture theories primarily focus on crime and Juvenile delinquency. Theorists believe that if this pattern of offending can be understood and controlled then it will break the transition from teenage offender into habitual criminal. Some of the theories which will be discussed today are developed from functionalism assuming that criminal activity is motivated by ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Figures from the Crime survey for England and Wales have shown that 2.1 million violent incidents were recorded in 2011/2012. It's been estimated that young people aged 10–17 were responsible for 23% of police recorded crime. In 2010 equivalent to just over a million police recorded crimes. Considering other theorists who studied subcultures was Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin. Cloward was an American Sociologist and an activist. He influenced the strain theory of criminal behavior. Lloyd Ohlin was an American sociologist and criminologist who taught at Harvard law school, Columbia University and the university of Chicago. Over his career he studied the causes and effects of crime and punishment, especially as it related to youthful offenders and delinquents. This is seen as a functional perspective of subcultural behavior. Many working class youths who cannot gain status legitimately, become frustrated and therefore try to gain status through illegitimate. They create their own subculture and reject the norms and values of mainstream society. Richard Clowen in 1961 said, " The boy who joins a gang isn't in a rut. He has aspirations, but no place to go with them". Both theorists argue that delinquency resulted from the irresponsibility of youths as a symptom of poverty and the lack of alternative opportunities caused by poverty. The conditions underlying delinquency could be resolved through social programs in local communities that will help address the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 71. The Problem Of Violent Crime Violent crime is a completely human characteristic. It has dominated our history books, been sensationalized by the media and created a pervasive fear which dominates our culture. Is there a way to possibly prevent violent crime? Neurocriminology, a classification of criminology centered on neuroscience and its relationship between the causes and cures of crime, may have the answer to that question. Adrian Raine, a criminal psychologist for more than thirty years, proposes that criminal behavior may have its origins in heredity and biology and future criminal tendencies can be predicted in children. Professor Raine's discoveries can potentially thwart violent crime activity by identifying genetic markers which are characteristic of violent offenders. If so, what are the moral and ethical dilemmas society will now have to contend with when tagging certain individuals as natural–born killers? Despite this milestone discovery, many questions stills persist such as how society will react. In addition, though potential criminal behavior may be prevented by examining genetic markers, the moral and ethical implications of neurocriminology, may lead to discrimination and the further criminalization of poverty. Human beings are notorious for discrimination. They will use any means possible to create a case for justified marginalization; race, sexual orientation, appearance, and physical or mental disability. Neurocriminology may be just another apparatus in the arsenal of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 73. The Problem Of Violent Crime 1.0 INTRODUCTION Violent crime is a serious problem and could not to be neglected in present society. It means all incidents of wounding and assault with or without injury in the Crime Survey for England and Wales (ONS, 2015). The crime rate in Liverpool was about 90.86 per 1000 population in police record by the end of June 2015 (HO, 2015). According to Liverpool City Council (2015), the violence rate per 1000 population was increase 16.6% from 2013 to 2014 and reach 10.2 from April 2014 to March 2015, higher than other crime. At the same time, the number in 1000 people that experience personal robbery was about 485, not all robberies would be reported to the police so maybe the real condition was graver. Hence, violence and robbery continue to be of increasing concern. In order to descend violent crime, arrange more police on the street might be a suitable option. Many researchers found this solution lead to the steady decline of crime rate (Ratcliffe et al, 2011). However, the expensive cost might limit the scale of this method. Correctional education is also an effectively solution of offender but take a long time. A combined system of hotspot policing and prison education may be possible if care is reducing crime rate. Therefore, this report will compare the feasibility of police patrol and correctional education in terms of cost and effectiveness, thereby exploring the more viable method to reduce violent crime in Liverpool. 2.0 BACKGROUNG Liverpool is a city in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 75. The Problem Of Violent Crimes Violent Crimes Introduction Violent crimes occur more than one could even imagine. However, there is definitely a questionable aspect to these crimes within their court procedures. If one were to take a closer look at specific court procedures of crimes having to deal with mental illnesses, it will be determined that it is viewed differently oppose to a sane person. When taking mental illnesses into consideration when referring to criminal behavior, there is an obvious difference between actions. There begins to be a question of responsibility within these criminals. It is fair to say that there is a difference with court procedures. The imperativeness of the courts is extremely important when referring to any case. There are biological and social risk factors that pertain to any given case. There is a question as to if these should be taken into consideration when enduring the court process as an entirety. By taking a deeper look at the biological aspects within a case, the justice system will be able to give more accurate sentences. Statement of the Problem This ongoing problem on whether or not mental illnesses along with biological issues should be used within the court process has been constantly debated about. The information on this subject may not always be as accurate as needed in order to make decisions such as sentencing. The sentencing of a criminal can easily be a life changer and if it is dependent on whether or not their mental illnesses are ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 77. Crime Is A Serious Problem Policing and fighting crime are two terms often associated together. Crime is a serious problem in cities and a lot of people are affected by it. Victims, criminals and their families are touched by the outcomes of crime. Crime has increased over the years and is continuing to do so. The city of Memphis has experienced a great increase of crime. Memphis Police have developed initiatives to reduce crime, using federally funded programs. Unfortunately, crime problems such as theft, assaults and homicide have become irrepressible over the last three years. "The rate of homicide in Memphis is more typical of cities of its size. Assaults were accounted for 65 percent of deaths in the area."(Kellermann, Rivara & Lee,1996,p.1438–1440). The Uniformed Crime Report (UCR) is very successful for keeping track with the rates of these crimes. The environment, the personality of the perpetrator and genetics has all been factors to blame for criminal behavior. Although, these factors have potential to play a role in the reasoning behind criminal acts, they will have to be supported. Criminological theories can hold the context to support the evidence of these factors. Understanding crime and developing strategies are the keys in taking the step to initiate a strategic plan. When addressing theft, assaults and homicide, the initiatives will have to be considered and provisions will be made for a successful reduction in crime. Addressing the problems of theft, assaults and homicide a ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...