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Czechoslovakia 1968 - 2017

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Czechoslovakia 1968 - 2017

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Czechoslovakia 1968 - 2017

  1. 1. Czechoslovakia 1968 By: Lucas Campion,Vignesh Manwani, Milagros Montanelli, Victoria Landolfo and Flor Claps
  2. 2. Background of the crisis
  3. 3. - After WW2, a National Government was formed with 9 ministers from the communist party. - Czechoslovakia wanted to have the freedom to develop their own independent socialist government. - 1946-1948 the Czech communists came under increasing Soviet pressure because of the Czech government wanting to accept the Marshall Aid. - The communists began to protest and purge the opposition. - 12 non-communist cabinet members resigned in protest for Beneš to punish those responsible for the purges. - Beneš did nothing about it because support for the communist party had grown and he was afraid to anger the Soviets. - Minister Gottwald threatened to resign if Beneš didn’t form a pro-communist government, Beneš gave in and in february 25 (1948) the new government was created. - In june of 1948 Edvard Beneš resigned.
  4. 4. Development of the crisis
  5. 5. Start: - January 1968: Alexander Dubĉek becomes first secretary of the communist leading party. - Dubĉek presents his reforms for Czechoslovakia to have her own autonomy and freedom of expression. - Russian leaders and Warsaw pact members met with Dubĉek and try to persuade him. - Warsaw pact troops invaded Czechoslovakia and took control in Prague Finish: - Dubĉek and other reformers are taken to Moscow. - The reformers are forced to sign the Moscow Protocol effectively ending the liberalisation programme. - The reformers go back to Czechoslovakia on August the 27th. - April 1969: Dubĉek is forced to resign from his position.
  6. 6. Witness
  7. 7. Josef Koudelka -Was a young engineer who had been taking pictures of the Czech life -Was in the city when the soldiers arrived and he took pictures of the disturbance the Warsaw pact army created -Recorded with pictures of the invasion that changed the course of his nation -The pictures were smuggled out of Czechoslovakia and appeared in the London Sunday Times in 1969 -He did not return to Czechoslovakia “I was afraid to go back to Czechoslovakia because I knew that if they wanted to find out who the unknown photographer was, they could do it”.
  8. 8. Sources

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