‘Raising Children in a
Digital Age’
Dr Bex Lewis, CODEC, St John’s College, Durham
University; Director, Digital Fingerpri...
Published by
Lion Hudson
February 2014
http://digital-
fingerprint.co.uk/
digitalparenting/
http://digital-
fingerprint.co.uk/2014/02/sid2014-recording-
of-drbexl-on-stevewright-on-bbcradio2-
digitalparenting/
Headlines!!
Image Credit: Stockfresh
Challenging Fears: Brief
Lessons from History
Image Credit: Stockfresh
Digital Culture: Why it
matters that we join in
Image Credit: Stockfresh
Technology: The
Toolbox
Image Credit: iStockphoto
Doug Ray: http://instagram.com/p/nm695
Children in Digital Culture
Image Credit: RGBStock
Communicate,
Communicate,
Communicate
Image Credit: Stockfresh
http://www.fosi.org/downloads/reso
urces/familycontract_us.pdf
Practical Advice: Privacy &
Permanency
Image Credit: RGBStock
Identity, Values and
Authenticity
Image Credit: Stockfresh
Relationships (Online)
Image Credit: RGBStock
Increasingly Mobile
Image Credit: RGBStock
• No surprise, then, that
Facebook is no longer a
place for uninhibited status
updates about pub antics,
but an obligatory...
Sex Talk (Porn, Paedophilia
and Sexting)
Image Credit: Stockfresh
Keeping within the Law
Image Credit: RGBStock
Health Works
Image Credit: RGBStock
Screen time and family
dynamics
Image Credit: Stockfresh
Gaming
Image Credit: RGBStock
Does digital offer (life)
opportunities?
Image Credit: RGBStock
Never forget
• Do it for them
• Do it with them
• Watch while
they do it
• Let them do it
for themselves.
Will Taylor
Imag...
Thoughts for grandparents,
teachers & youth leaders
Image Credit: RGBStock
Joint Responsibility?
• We have no control over the discussions our
children are having at school about technologies.
We n...
Peer Discussions…
• Even more important is a need to create an
environment in which parents, teachers, and
students (parti...
Looking to the future
Image Credit: RGBStock
@drbexl @codecuk @digitalfprint
http://j.mp/raising-children-jisc
Raising Children in a Digital Age - JISC - Sunderland Stadium of Light - June 2014 #eFest14
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Raising Children in a Digital Age - JISC - Sunderland Stadium of Light - June 2014 #eFest14

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A presentation to those of the JISC community in the North-East, thinking about 'raising children in a digital age', including as teachers.

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  • Sold 1200 copies in first couple of weeks, good reviews, etc. Director, Digital Fingerprint
  • Lots of coverage, obviously hit the right timing … this was probably the biggest booking… 8 million listeners..

    So, going to give a quick overview of the structure of the book…
  • In the introduction…

    Headlines = full of disaster, children are addicted to screens, being abducted via Facebook, giving away all their information, sexting, running up bills, becoming couch potatoes, watching porn, meeting strangers and bullying and trolling at every opportunity.

    I exaggerate, but then so does the news – which (by its nature) is focused on the new/the unusual and has left many people with a feeling that there’s very little that they can do …

    Set off to look into the research that’s already out there, + 120 questionnaires
  • Dan Gardner ‘Risk’ – we’re the healthiest, wealthiest, safest generation in history, but the most terrified… example post 9/11 flights/road accidents… but not ‘newsworthy’ in the same way.

    Every new technology = moral panics (my experience with TV aged 17 … looked like I was addicted!) … and each seems to be the end of ‘the way we used to do things’ (invented tradition)…. A part of ‘technological determinism’.. (blaming tech rather than behaviour)

    Families have also changed – children have more role in ‘decision making’, the types of families we have have changed and come in many more shapes…
  • Professor Tanya Byron, author of the Byron Report (2008), said: more I understood = more able to support/have confidence…

    What need to have respect for, as well as being excited by the opportunities…

    Digital Revolution affected all our lives whether choose to participate or not.. Huge huge huge numbers online
  • Like electricity – don’t need to know inside/out to use it … same with technology these days..

    But giving an insight into the current top tools (date book )… many of the top tools – e.g. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, etc have been fairly stable for several years now…

    Advice particularly focused on how to take control of your information (are a great many ways you can).
  • Brief overview – old, but not really been bettered, although becoming outdated…
  • Yes, children spending more time on technology – become cheaper/more accessible – but that doesn’t mean that they ‘misbehave more’ – there are new ways to do things…

    The ‘myth’ of the digital native .. They are not so very different – still human beings – are not beyond our reach, just need some time to understand.

    Advertising, consumerism, the digital divide – where do kids turn to for advice (their friends) – start to think how to make yourself more of a confidante.
  • Talking to children about technology – many parents as nervous as talking about sex, but this is the most powerful tool/technique available…

    Ensure each negative statement about tech, etc. accompanied by positive where possible so doesn’t look like dismissing out of hand..

    Internet Safety Agreement – work with kids to define one that works for your own family…
  • Quick e.g. Could do as a school (importance of peer influence)
  • Martha Payne (NeverSeconds) – her Dad still checks everything she receives first… (age 9)

    A brief overview of the changing capabilities of children – essentially younger = ‘walled garden’, older = deeper insights. Facebook = 13, many parents think 11 or think is up to them…

    Facebook influenced much – Zuckerberg believed privacy = dead, but children actually seem to be pretty intelligent about this – and if they aren’t – warning is not to go mad at them, but help them improve the situation..

    The pros & cons of monitoring and filtering – can’t really just rely on the technology to stop things appearing in front of your children – none of the systems = as sophisticated as human beings..

    Location services/managing digital footprint…
  • What images of self are people projecting? How do you know what you stand for?

    Children need role models – if parents have mobiles attached to them, then have no leg to stand on when try to remonstrate with children.
  • The word ‘friendship’ has changed as we now ‘friend’ others on Facebook – children can’t afford to not accept friend requests from those they interact with in the physical space (e.g. school) as has repercussions for offline life… (and most are offline connections)

    Huge amount of online etiquette – including who connect with, speed of response, what you like, etc..

    Facebook depression (more/less socially active)
    Cyberbullying – huge issue – speed, constantly, digital pile-on are core – the 3 roles – bullied, bully, bystander.. (Nancy Willard – is not something kids HAVE to live through…)

    ‘Stranger Danger’ (incredibly rare) – and as parents increasingly make friends online, again, seems ironic to say to kids ‘don’t’, rather than helping them do so safely..
  • Mobile = cheaper, more accessible, appropriate contracts – so now the tool of choice for many – including kids.

    FOMO/need to respond = little digifree time – is the mobile becoming an intruder on other situations – many have set rules re e.g. mealtimes, etc.

    Worries about e-babysitter – though “OK” for educational purposes.. Work with them as they download apps (and ensure password on – throughout = are simple things that can be done…)

    Ensuring mobile phone costs are managed, and what age (secondary school for most, smartphone GCSE..)

    Worries about shortform text = damaging use of English = more creative…
  • http://www.rgbstock.com/photo/mmXr7oc/texting
  • Again = human behaviour exaggerated = more vulnerable offline, also online…

    Issues of the dangers of porn = complex, but tend to be condensed in the press… for years children have gone through ‘rite of passage’ – but now = easier to get hold of, more explicit, etc.. And changing expectations of what is normal sexual behaviour.

    Numbers of pedophiles difficult to determine as tend not to self-declare, and most stats comes from e.g. filtering companies… there is a danger, but more from those who are known – so good to be aware – and remember the technology can help you FIND children too…

    Sexting = age old pressure ‘if you don’t going to ditch you’ … so children need same advice to take care what share/when – as once out there – can spread fast…
  • Seen as Wild West, but it’s not – laws still apply (usually the originating country)

    Plagiarism, music, film, apps… dangers of viruses with illegal info…
  • Need to set up desk properly …

    More worrying = pro-mia sites, etc. advice on how to eat even less, etc.

    Brain changing – everything you do affects brain change = not necessarily bad…

    Addiction – is it really addiction? Is it affecting schoolwork, attention spans? Can people really multitask? Are these things all bad or are we just holding onto things that we treasure? Conversational ability (more social) and danger of couch potatoes – use whatever interest online and take it offline…
  • Standard advice = keep computer in a central room in the house – especially once teenage years = not really possible…

    Am Assoc Pead = consistently says 2 hours of screentime max …
    Bedroom culture; digital time out; reading online (is it about the book content or the book format?)
  • Gaming – not so much my thing, but increasing complexity of games online – without an end point, and rewards for the more time spent online/just one more level…

    Some argue has increased dexterity, sociability, esp for autistic kids…
    Are worries is violent, addictive and expensive… similar fears about horror films, most of which disproved by media ‘experts’.
  • Technology = prepares kids for the job market, OK to lurk & learn.

    Need for criticality (not always seen amongst early students) – need to be aware to avoid scams/Snopes, etc.
    Collaboration
    Social Justice (clicktivism/activism)
  • I spotted this on Facebook as I was coming to the end of writing this book. It was posted by Will Taylor (communications manager, youth worker, and dad), and seems to sum up what is required of parents in the digital sphere:

    Do it for them Do it with them Watch while they do it Let them do it for themselves.
  • Parents increasingly taking responsibility for grandkids – need to be consistent – greatest growth = accessing pics
    Youth leaders = need for good boundaries, etc.
  • As secondary school teacher Louise Upchurch points out, students spend far more time outside school than inside it, and therefore all parties (parents, students, and teachers) need to be involved in discussions about school digital policies to ensure a joined-up approach at both home and school. In return, parents need to keep teachers in the loop about external issues that may affect their children in school, including cyberbullying, and let school staff know what steps have already been taken.

    Schools: risk avoidance = not ‘true internet’
    Need for different learning approaches
    BYOD/Digital Divide (too much homework online/growth of flipped classroom, etc.)
    School policies & guidelines = go to JISC
  • One area where schools/youthclubs, etc can make a difference…

    Atmosphere open to dialogue – not fearful zero tolerance – e.g. re cyberbullying - conducting online surveys of students, asking what behaviour they observe, how they would like peers to behave, and when they would like adult intervention
    Self-Protection – what do you want your students to find when they Google you? Clear policies re photo/video within school, particular wariness re e.g. sexting images.
  • Only constancy is change … cannot make Internet 100% safe so need to give children confidence/skills – by giving them opportunities to engage online… (swimming pool analogy)
  • Final word – remember – there is always a human being at the other end of the keyboard… think before you type…

    Questions?
  • Raising Children in a Digital Age - JISC - Sunderland Stadium of Light - June 2014 #eFest14

    1. 1. ‘Raising Children in a Digital Age’ Dr Bex Lewis, CODEC, St John’s College, Durham University; Director, Digital Fingerprint JISC North-East, 05/06/14 http://j.mp/raising-children-jisc CC Licence 4.0 non-commercial
    2. 2. Published by Lion Hudson February 2014 http://digital- fingerprint.co.uk/ digitalparenting/
    3. 3. http://digital- fingerprint.co.uk/2014/02/sid2014-recording- of-drbexl-on-stevewright-on-bbcradio2- digitalparenting/
    4. 4. Headlines!! Image Credit: Stockfresh
    5. 5. Challenging Fears: Brief Lessons from History Image Credit: Stockfresh
    6. 6. Digital Culture: Why it matters that we join in Image Credit: Stockfresh
    7. 7. Technology: The Toolbox Image Credit: iStockphoto
    8. 8. Doug Ray: http://instagram.com/p/nm695
    9. 9. Children in Digital Culture Image Credit: RGBStock
    10. 10. Communicate, Communicate, Communicate Image Credit: Stockfresh
    11. 11. http://www.fosi.org/downloads/reso urces/familycontract_us.pdf
    12. 12. Practical Advice: Privacy & Permanency Image Credit: RGBStock
    13. 13. Identity, Values and Authenticity Image Credit: Stockfresh
    14. 14. Relationships (Online) Image Credit: RGBStock
    15. 15. Increasingly Mobile Image Credit: RGBStock
    16. 16. • No surprise, then, that Facebook is no longer a place for uninhibited status updates about pub antics, but an obligatory communication tool that younger people maintain because everyone else does. • All the fun stuff is happening elsewhere. On their mobiles. http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/nov/10/teenagers-messenger-apps-facebook-exodus
    17. 17. Sex Talk (Porn, Paedophilia and Sexting) Image Credit: Stockfresh
    18. 18. Keeping within the Law Image Credit: RGBStock
    19. 19. Health Works Image Credit: RGBStock
    20. 20. Screen time and family dynamics Image Credit: Stockfresh
    21. 21. Gaming Image Credit: RGBStock
    22. 22. Does digital offer (life) opportunities? Image Credit: RGBStock
    23. 23. Never forget • Do it for them • Do it with them • Watch while they do it • Let them do it for themselves. Will Taylor Image Credit: RGBStock
    24. 24. Thoughts for grandparents, teachers & youth leaders Image Credit: RGBStock
    25. 25. Joint Responsibility? • We have no control over the discussions our children are having at school about technologies. We need our schools and educators to take a strong lead in telling children what is good practice and things to be aware of. As parents we don’t always know what they should be aware of. Technology is SO market driven that we can’t keep up. • (Parent, 19 or over)
    26. 26. Peer Discussions… • Even more important is a need to create an environment in which parents, teachers, and students (particularly in secondary schools and above) are open to discussing the issues. Students need encouragement to consider what it means to be a good digital citizen, by being accountable for their own actions and also aware and respectful of the feelings of others. • Bex Lewis, p205
    27. 27. Looking to the future Image Credit: RGBStock
    28. 28. @drbexl @codecuk @digitalfprint http://j.mp/raising-children-jisc

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