Airspace Redesign and Airport Planning


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Achieving system-wide efficiencies through the integration of airspace redesign and airport planning efforts

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Airspace Redesign and Airport Planning

  1. 1. Back To The Future: The Aviation Noise & Air Quality Symposium Integrating Airspace Redesign and Airport Planning: A Vital Step Towards Sustainability Jawad Rachami 7 March 2006
  2. 2. Airport Improvement Program Program Airspace Redesign Airport Noise Compatibility ATO Organization ARP FAA Operating Budget AIP Funding Master Plan Process Airspace Management Part 150 RAMS, TARGETS, TAAM INM Technology SDAT, NIRS SIMMOD Capacity, Efficiency, Safety Capacity, development Priorities Noise Compatibility/abatement/mitigation
  3. 3. Problem Statement (1) – Disconnected planning processes driven by competing priorities and goals create large inefficiencies and missed opportunities – Large complex systems are locked in a path dependence cycle both in terms of technology and process. – Industry innovation & Experimentation provided great benefits but also resulted in confused plans & increased uncertainty – Needs & requirements of airspace v. airport stakeholders are on different time scales (tactical v. strategic)
  4. 4. Problem Statement (2) – Changing demographics: Baby-boomers spending more time at home and requiring higher quality of life standards. – Changing jobs: Upward trend in At-home Work as transition continues to knowledge-based economy means more people spending more time at home. – Old & unchanged metrics to assess and analyze a problem that is has evolved and will continue to evolve over time. – Plenty of Conflict in system but not enough system-wide conflict resolution mechanisms
  5. 5. The Hierarchy Of Change Policy / Vision Organization Funding/Financing Technology Process
  6. 6. The Hierarchy Of Change Needs/Opportunities Challenges • Long-term: NGATS • NGATS primary focus is Policy / Vision modernization, capacity, & • Short-term: New policy with efficiency focus on sustainability Organization Funding/Financing Process Technology
  7. 7. Vision 100 - Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act Public Law 108-176 The Next Generation Air Transportation System shall: 1. Improve safety, security, efficiency, quality, and affordability of the NAS and aviation services; 2. Take advantage of data from emerging CNS technologies; 3. Integrate data streams from multiple agencies and sources to enable situational awareness and seamless global operations; 4. Leverage investments and build upon current ATM and infrastructure initiatives to meet system performance requirements;
  8. 8. Vision 100 - Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act Public Law 108-176 The Next Generation Air Transportation System shall: 5. Be scalable to accommodate/encourage substantial growth in domestic and international transportation and anticipate/accommodate new technology; 6. Accommodate a wide range of aircraft operations, including airlines, air taxis, helicopters, general aviation, and unmanned aerial vehicles; 7. To the greatest extent practicable, reduce exposure of noise and emissions pollution on affected residents.
  9. 9. The Hierarchy Of Change Needs/Opportunities Challenges Policy / Vision • JPDO slow in coming • Long-term: JPDO together & current structure Organization • Short-term: Joint ATO/ARP - • Current org culture at FAA Work with users & local jurisdictions • Competing interests and perceptions at local level Funding/Financing Process Technology
  10. 10. The Hierarchy Of Change Needs Challenges Policy / Vision Organization • Performance-based financing • More R&D • Shrinking Trust fund • Funding for sustainability receipts Funding/Financing planning & mediation of • Govt budget cuts development alternatives • Other funding priorities •Local-based economic incentives • Externalities Process Technology
  11. 11. The Hierarchy Of Change Opportunities Challenges Policy / Vision Organization • Focus on sustainable Funding/Financing development • Create Combined process • Added complexity with two-way (bottom-up and • Conflicting needs & top-down) development requirements Process • New metrics • Difficult to address tactical- • Mediation of Stakeholder level planning/support development alternatives Technology •Conflict resolution tools/mechanisms
  12. 12. The Hierarchy Of Change Opportunities Challenges Policy / Vision Organization Funding/Financing • Integrate Airspace and airport/ noise planning tools Process • Create Inter-operable Decision Support Tools • Inclusive & accurate •Path dependence modeling Technology • Mapping Cost/Benefit •Investment on Supply Side Influences for sustainable •Funding from Demand Side land-use
  13. 13. Current Challenges Airport Planning Airspace Redesign • Capacity Constraints • New vehicles (UAVs, microjets,etc) • Modernization & • Information-sharing & Competitiveness Collaborative Decision-Making • Adaptive security • Capacity Constraints • Introduction of new vehicles • Security • Environmental Compatibility • System Delay • Community & Land-use • Military/Civilian coordination planning • Manage environment-connected • Regional planning actions • Regional airspace harmonization
  14. 14. Competing Priorities Increased Complexity Competing Interests Increased Mobility Competing Perceptions + Increased Information Competing Trends Increased QOL Expect. Competing Goals Competing Requirements
  15. 15. …in the short term
  16. 16. Priorities “The changes occurring in our skies and coming down our runways combined with the security challenges of a post-9/11 world are so significant and so fundamental that temporary adjustments and band-aid solutions just won’t do. ” Secretary Mineta - January 24, 2006 DOT Priorities: • A new cost-based financing system for the FAA - Create a more direct relationship between revenue collected and services rendered • Negotiating a new labor agreement with NATCA • Modernizing the system through NGATS
  17. 17. FAA ATO • Cost Controls: – Means support for new runway airspace redesign but no new redesign/optimization – Ops budget cut 20% – Unfunded programs (POET, RAPT) • Staffing Challenges: – NATCA Labor Agreement – ATC Retirement vs. Staffing – Limited internal environmental resources • Re-organization & performance-based service
  18. 18. …In the medium & long terms
  19. 19. FAA (ATO) Flight Plan • Increase safety Achieve the lowest possible accident rate and constantly improve safety. • Greater Capacity Work with local governments and airspace users to provide capacity in the US airspace system that meets projected demand in an environmentally sound manner. • International Leadership Increase the safety and capacity of the global civil aerospace system in an environmentally sound manner • Organizational Excellence Ensure the success of the FAA’s mission through stronger leadership, a better trained workforce, enhanced cost-control measures, and improved decision- making based on reliable data.
  20. 20. Broad Area Precision Navigation • Navigation precision sufficient to perform landings without ground- based aids at any “air portal.” • Reliable service available over large areas (almost global). • Reduction / elimination of legacy systems
  21. 21. Management-by-Trajectory • Users have 4D trajectories which are the basis for planning and execution • 4D trajectories exchanged and conflicts resolved among users and ATM service providers – “The Evaluator” • Strategic traffic management and separation assurance
  22. 22. National Dynamic Airspace • Airspace configuration driven by User needs, National Security requirements, Safety, Overall efficiency of operations • Reconfigurable hourly • Single mechanism for implementing SUA, TFR’s, etc. • Temporal implementation of high-density, high-demand corridors, etc.
  23. 23. Weather Information in ATM System • Stable fusion of weather observations and forecasts from multiple sensors and prediction models into one national database • Dynamic updating and support for all push/pull operations • Seamless assimilation of weather information in ATM system “decision loops.”
  24. 24. “Super density” Airport Operations • Maximize runway capacity by minimizing arrival/departure spacing for single or parallel runways due to wake vortex constraints. • Reduce runway occupancy time. • Simultaneous operations on single runway.
  25. 25. Thank You