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  2. 2. Famine… • Despite a global food surplus, almost half of the world’s less developed countries suffer significant problems concerning food. • Causes of famine: – Shortage or inability of people to obtain food – Low food production resulting from drought • Where? – In rural areas – Where farming and livestock rearing are the main means of livelihood
  3. 3. Famine… • Expected results: – Continuing tight and volatile market conditions – Growing threat of starvation in poor developing countries – No increase of free food from the West
  4. 4. Famine… • 1970-1990 Half of the worlds developing countries had a decline in food supply. A quarter had increase in child hunger. • Mid 1990s 840 million did not have enough goods to meet basic nutritional needs • 200 million suffer from sever malnutrition • Malnutrition is a major barrier to economic and social development.
  5. 5. Famine in Africa • Nearly 30 million Africans could be facing famine within months. • The number at risk: – 15 million in the Horn of Africa – Over 14 million in southern Africa – Hundreds of thousands in the Sahel region of West Africa. • Malnutrition is widespread across Africa, even in famine-free years where food production or imports appear to meet a country’s needs. • 40-50% of the population of sub-Saharan Africa goes hungry
  6. 6. Famine in Africa • Causes: – Drought • Ruined harvests and left people and livestock without food and water. – Not self-sufficient and rely on imports – Armed conflict, corruption, and the mismanagement of food supplies – Environmental degradation / Climate change – trade policies that harm African agriculture – AIDS
  7. 7. Famine in Africa Examples: • Under present terms of trade, African agriculture exports command low prices and cannot compete on world markets. • Diversion of government finances, corruption or mismanagement have gone alongside conflict or developed from bad governance and have turned droughts and good shortages into famine. • Throughout the Sub-Saharan famines (blamed on drought), exporting continued and the incoming aid went to support export crops. • In Ethiopia, during drought from 1982-1985, the government spent all money on military, government farms fed military.
  8. 8. Famine in Africa • Progress: – Over the past 30 years, developing countries as a group have reduced the percentage of undernourished from 37- 18% – East and South Asia have reduced the figure from 43-13% – Decline in rainfall over the Sahel due to climate change
  9. 9. Solutions? • Increased food supply • Economic growth
  10. 10. References Adger, W. Neil. quot;Adaptation to climate change in the developing world.quot; Progress in Development Studies 3.3 (2003): 179-195. Jenkins, J Craig . quot;Food security in less developed countries.quot; Pro Quest 66.5 (2001): 718, 27 pgs. 14 Nov. 2008. Lewis, Paul. quot; Peril of Third-World Famine Is Seen by U.N. Food Agency - New York Times.quot; The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. 27 Mar. 1990. 12 Nov. 2008 <http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE0DD1531F9 34A15750C0A966958260>. Sommerville, Keith. quot;Why famine stalks Africa.quot; BBC News. 12 Nov. 2002. 12 Nov. 2008 <new.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2449527.stm>.