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World hunger presentation ppt

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In our opinion, poverty is the main reason for hunger, weather is it poverty of an individual or of a whole nation. In developing countries, governments can’t afford to support those in need for food and water and in developed countries there are some individuals who can’t afford their need due to lack of education which caused them to be unable to look for a source of income.
Natural disasters can cause poverty too. Governments should be able to provide shelter and food for those people who their houses and belongings were destroyed by natural disasters.

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World hunger presentation ppt

  1. 1. By:- SEHRISH GULZAR
  2. 2. Hunger is a term which has three meanings: The uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food; craving appetite. Also the exhausted condition caused by want of food the want or scarcity of food in a country a strong desire or craving
  3. 3.  World hunger refers to the second definition, aggregated to the world level. The technical term is either malnutrition, or under nutrition. Both malnutrition and under nutrition refer to not having enough food.  Malnutrition (or under nutrition) is a general term that indicates a lack of some or all nutritional elements necessary for human health.
  4. 4.  There are 805 million undernourished people in the world today. That means one in nine people do not get enough food to be healthy and lead an active life. Hunger and malnutrition are in fact the number one risk to health worldwide — greater than AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined.  The vast majority of hungry people (791 million) live in developing countries, where 13.5 percent of the population is chronically undernourished. FAO, 2014.
  5. 5.  Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45%) of deaths in children under five - 3.1 million children each year. The Lancet One out of six children -- roughly 101 million -- in developing countries is underweight. UNICEF, 2013
  6. 6. 1990-1992 1015 Million (19%) 2000-2002 930 Million (15%) 2006-2008 918 Million (14%) 2009-2011 841 Million (12%) 2012-2014 805 Million (11%)
  7. 7.  The source of hunger in the world is poverty, and the source of poverty is ignorance and neglect. When you provide people with the tools and knowledge necessary to bring change about and maintain it, they will welcome the change with pride and will be compelled to sustain it. I have seen the will of people to better themselves and to change; they just need a push of confidence in the right direction.
  8. 8.  60 percent of the world’s hungry are women.  50 percent of pregnant women in developing countries lack proper maternal care, resulting in 240,000 maternal deaths annually from childbirth.  1 out of 6 infants are born with a low birth weight in developing countries.  Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45%) of deaths in children under five – 3.1 million children each year. That is 8,500 children per day.
  9. 9.  A third of all childhood death in sub- Saharan Africa is caused by hunger.  66 million primary school-age children attend classes hungry across the developing world, with 23 million in Africa alone.  Every 10 seconds, a child dies from hunger-related diseases.
  10. 10.  Poverty: Poor people do not have the resources—whether land, tools or money— needed to grow or buy food on a consistent basis.  Armed Conflict: War disrupts agricultural production, and governments often spend more on arms than on social programs.  Environmental Overload: Over- consumption by wealthy nations and rapid population growth in poor nations strain natural resources and make it harder for poor people to feed themselves.
  11. 11.  Discrimination: Lack of access to education, credit and employment—a recipe for hunger—is often the result of racial, gender or ethnic discrimination.  Lack of Clout: In the final analysis, chronic hunger is caused by powerlessness. People who don't have power to protect their own interests are hungry. The burden of this condition falls most acutely on children, women and elderly people.
  12. 12. • Chronic hunger—or food insecurity—is as devastating to families, communities and countries as is famine. Chronic hunger claims more victims than famine each year—by far. Effects of chronic hunger include:  High Infant-Mortality Rates: Malnourished women are more likely to be sick, have smaller babies, and die earlier, resulting in high levels of infant mortality in areas where chronic hunger is a problem. And where infant and child mortality is high, birth rates are also high, locking these communities in a vicious cycle of malnutrition and death.  Vulnerability to Common Illnesses: More than two million children die every year from dehydration caused by diarrhea. A malnourished child often lacks the strength to survive a severe case of diarrhea.
  13. 13.  Acute Vulnerability in Times of Disaster: A community’s poorest families are already living on the edge of survival. Unexpected shocks, such as crop failure, floods, epidemics, locusts or typhoons result in devastation and almost certain death to some members of the family.  Impediments to Development: Chronic hunger deprives children of the essential proteins, micronutrients and fatty acids they need to grow adequately. Globally, it is estimated that nearly 226 million children are stunted—shorter than they should be. In addition, stunted children score significantly lower on intelligence tests than do normal children.  Impediments to Economic Growth: For the nearly 67 million children who weigh less than they should due to chronic hunger, completing school is an unlikely reality. Studies have shown that underweight children will probably spend fewer years in school, which, in turn, has a measurable impact on how much they earn in adulthood.
  14. 14.  Millions of people are starving, despite the world producing more than enough to feed everyone. What can we do about it?  Reduce poverty:  Economic growth has long been seen as the key to reducing hunger. More trade, financial liberalization and open markets should aid the flow of food, of which there's no overall shortage. Successful poverty reduction in China has led some economists to predict there will be no more hungry people there by 2020.  Roll out Biotech  Huge gains could be available for health and agricultural productivity if the promises of genetic modification can be believed. Gene-splicing crops to help them withstand drought and flood may be vital. Pigs and chickens could have their digestive systems altered so that they eat food not required by humans, and pollute the environment less.
  15. 15. Block the speculators  Huge sums of investment fund money have flooded into the commodities markets since the financial crisis, looking for returns no longer available in equities. Automated trading systems that exploit tiny flaws in the market and encourage volatility make it impossible for traditional traders to keep prices stable and hedge against spikes
  16. 16.  Create awareness of this important issue through eduction.  Volunteer in organizations that work to reduce poverty and hunger  Donate to the food bank.  Call politicians to do something about hunger and poverty in each country.
  17. 17.  In our opinion, poverty is the main reason for hunger, weather is it poverty of an individual or of a whole nation. In developing countries, governments can’t afford to support those in need for food and water and in developed countries there are some individuals who can’t afford their need due to lack of education which caused them to be unable to look for a source of income.
  18. 18.  Natural disasters can cause poverty too. Governments should be able to provide shelter and food for those people who their houses and belongings were destroyed by natural disasters.  Those who are financially stable should try and help those in need. And those are health should try and volunteer to help too.
  19. 19.  World hunger can be the reason why infections spread worldwide because hunger allows infections, viruses and bacteria to easily attack those who doesn’t have enough of the essentials of the body. Also if hunger rate is not decreased as fast as possible, the country economy will not be able to rise because all those children who is underweight wont be able to get normal education like all other health children.
  20. 20.  Statistics by Area/Child Survival and Health, UNICEF, November 2009  Statistics by Area/Child Nutrition, UNICEF, November 2009  Overview: Understanding, measuring, overcoming poverty, World Bank, 2010  The State of Food Insecurity in the World – Economic crises – impacts and lessons learned. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, 2009  Nutrition Intake and Economic Growth. Studies on the cost of hunger. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, 2003

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