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Hunger and Famine in Africa


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Hunger and Famine in Africa

  1. 1. Hunger and Famine in Africa<br />
  2. 2. What is hunger and famine?<br />Food is one of the most important assets in life, you need it to survive.<br />Three degrees of hunger: acute, chronic, and hidden.<br />Famine: caused by the shortage of inability of people to obtain food. Usually caused by low food production resulting from drought, other factors, <br /> or it could be a result of the inability<br /> of a country or its population to afford<br /> to buy food. <br />
  3. 3. The problem? <br />Drought – mainly farmers, no irrigation <br />Ban natural resources <br />Not enough money<br />
  4. 4. Political Causes and Effects<br />African farmers cultivate small plots of land that do not produce enough to meet the needs of their families. The problem is compounded by the farmers' lack of bargaining power and lack of access to land, finance and technology.<br />The government had no choice but to raise prices because there is nothing importing or exporting. The prices for tools, fertilizers, seeds, and other farming oriented needs are constantly rising, and the farmer’s don’t have a constant income. <br />Lastly, Africa’s technology isn’t most supreme, and their agriculture is terrible, and the government isn’t doing enough to help them meet their needs. <br />
  5. 5. Social Causes and Effects<br />Given that Africa is rural, and dry, all they do is farm, in Africa farmers make up 80 percent of the population. <br />This becomes a social aspect as well because farming is their everything. That is how they get their food. Since the droughts and other causes of hunger and famine, people have to begin to migrate. <br />Africa’s population has been rising as well, therefore making it hard for people to migrate. <br />
  6. 6. Economic Causes and Effects<br />Drought. It has ruined harvests and left people and livestock without food and water. Due to drought in Africa, this has led to a shocking amount of bad natural resources then leading to little to no crops being grown or harvested. <br />The main problem of famine and hunger is not only drought but most African countries are not self-sufficient in food and are relying on imports and income to pay for them. <br />The food prices have gone up around 57 percent, more than 41 percent of people in Sub-Saharan Africa live on less than $1 per day, and 32 percent are undernourished. No money to buy food, and bad resources and drought lead to no food being grown. Leaving everyone starving. <br />
  7. 7. Video <br /><br />
  8. 8. Are there solutions?<br />
  9. 9. Solution 1<br />Microloans: <br /> small sum of money which an individual borrows from another individual, group or legal entity with the condition that it be returned or repaid at a later date (sometimes with interest). supporters are giving money to people in africa to start small buisnesses to start making money to pay for food, and to possibly grow food. .<br />
  10. 10. Positives<br />People will be able to start businesses<br />Be able to make money from their businesses <br />With the money you can grow crops<br />
  11. 11. Negatives<br />Loans eventually have to be paid back<br />Can only receive a certain amount of money<br />Money may be wasted <br />Through the process, money could potentially get lost<br />
  12. 12. Solution 2<br />Tree planting:<br /> prevents deforestation which is also a problem in Africa. As well, farmers are struggling to feed their families while farmable land could diminish by up to two thirds the next 20 years. <br />
  13. 13. Positives <br />Tree planting can prevent hunger. Many foreign companies in Africa are planting trees in areas that could have been used for food production. <br />These newly built forests will prevent erosion, desertification, and best, create a better local climate for poor farmers and help them increase their food production. <br />Positive effect on environment as well. <br />
  14. 14. Negatives <br />Trees will take a while to grow <br />Only 1 tree is planted for every 28 cut<br />
  15. 15. The Best Solution?<br />SOLUTION 2!<br /> Tree planting will in future will offer quality wood from sustainable forestry without depleting natural resources. The harvesting of sustainable natural resources will create jobs, income opportunities and economical development as local supporting industries are created.<br />
  16. 16. My involvement!<br />Stop Hunger Now!<br /> Stop Hunger Now launched its meal packaging program in 2005. The meals combine rice, soy, dehydrated vegetables and a flavoring mix, including 21 essential vitamins and minerals into small meal packets. Each meal costs only 25 cents. Has a shelf-life of five years and transports quickly. International. <br />