Poverty and Food Security

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A Slide show presentation about poverty and food security

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Poverty and Food Security

  1. 1.  POVERTY  MEASURING POVERTY  REASONS OF POVERTY  ERADICATION OF POVERTY  POVERTY ERADICATION PROGRAMMES  REVIEW THE IMPORTANT CONCEPTS
  2. 2. TODAY ONE OF THE MAJOR CHALLENGE FACED BY INDIA IS POVERTY AND FOOD SECURITY.IT IS A SOCIAL PROBLEM. SO THAT GOVERNMENT AND THE SOCIAL ACITIVIST HAVE TO PLAY A VITAL ROLE IN THE ERADICATION OF POVERTY FROM THE SOCIETY…
  3. 3.  SCENARIES OF POVERTY
  4. 4.  POVERTY IS A SITUATION WHERE PEOPLE FAIL TO SATISFY THEIR BASIC NEEDS.  WHEN PEOPLE DO NOT GET ENOUGH TO EAT – HUNGER  WHEN MAJORITY OF PEOPLE DO NOT GET FOOD AND CONSEQUENTLY A SIZABLE NUMBER OF PEOPLE DIE - FAMINE
  5. 5.  INTERNATIONAL LEVEL – AS PER WORLD BANK ESTIMATE, A PERSON WHO EARNS INCOME OF LESS THAN $ 1.25 PER DAY AT 2005 PRICES IS CONSIDERED BELOW THE POVERTY LINE  INDIA – POVERTY LINE IS USED TO IDENTIFY THE POORS IN CALORIES . PEOPLE IN RURAL AREA NEEDS 2400 KG CALAORIES IN TAKE AND 2100 KG CALORIES IN URBAN AREA.  POVERTYRATIO=NO:OF PEOPLE BELOW THE POVERTYLINE *100 TOTAL POPULATION
  6. 6.  UNEMPOLYMENT  INEQUALITY IN WEALTH AND INCOME.  RAPID GROWTH OF POPULATION.  INCREASES IN PRICES.  ILLITARACY.  ILLNESSESS  LACK OF FRESH WATER.  LOW NUTRITION  PREDOMINANCE OF AGRICULTURE.  INDEBTEDNESS OF THE FARMER.  UNDER DEVELOPED NATURE OF THE ECONOMY.
  7. 7. LOW INCOME LOW PURCHASING LOW CONSUMPTIO N LOW NUTRITION ILLNESSES LOW CAPACITY TO WORK LESS OPPURTUNITY FOR EDUCATION
  8. 8.  STRENGTHEN THE PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM.  MAKE AVAILABLE BASIC AMENITIES LIKE GOOD ROADS, WATER SUPPLY, EDUCATION FACILITIES AND MEDICAL FACILITIES.  MAKE AVAILABLE LAND, HOUSE AND OTHER ASSETS TO THE POOR.  STRENGTHEN LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS.  PROVIDE UNIVERSAL FREE EDUCATION.
  9. 9.  THE OBJECTIVE OF FOOD SECURITY IS TO FREE PEOPLE FROM POVERTY AND MALNUTRITION.  AVAILABILITY OF SUFFICIENT FOOD FOR ALL.  CAPACITY FOR ALL TO BUY SUFFICIENT FOOD.  QUALITY FOOD AVAILABLE TO ALL.
  10. 10.  NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARENTEE SCHEME (NREGS )  INDIRA AVAS YOJANA (IAY)  SWARNA JAYANTHI SHAHARI ROZGAR YOJANA (SJSRY)  INTEGRATED HOUSING AND SLUM DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (IHSDP)  TOTAL SANITATION MISSION (TSM)
  11. 11. GENERATES EMPLOYMENT CREATES ASSETS LIKE IRRIGATION FACILITIES GENERATES INCOME MORE EMPLOYMENT MORE INCOME DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL ECONOMY
  12. 12.  ALL ARE NOT GETTING THE BENEFITS EQUALLY.  EVEN THOSE WHO ARE NOT POOR ALSO GET THE BENEFITS.  INSUFFICIENT ALLOCATION OF FUND FOR THE SCHEMES.  CORRUPTION AND INEFFICIENT IMPLEMENTATION  NEGLECT IF LOCAL CONDITIONS.
  13. 13.  POVERTY  HUNGER  FAMINE  POVERTY LINE  POVERTY RATIO  NREGS

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