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Poverty Presentation

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Poverty Presentation

  1. 1. Starvation Done by: Fatma, Islam, Yalda, Hady, and Hani
  2. 2. What is Starvation or Famine? • It is a severe shortage of food, generally affecting a widespread area and large numbers of people. • The causes of starvation are both man-made and naturally made
  3. 3. Where is Starvation found?
  4. 4. Naturally Made Causes 1. Droughts 2. Floods 3. Earthquakes 4. Insect Plagues 5. Plant Diseases
  5. 5. Man-Made Causes 1. Wars 2. Civil Disturbances 3. Sieges 4. Deliberate crop destruction 5. Severe Poverty 6. Inefficient food distribution 7. Population increases disproportionate to the food-producing or procuring capacity of people in a region
  6. 6. Other Causes 1. Recession 2. Economic inequality 3. Shocks to food prices 4. Lacking Democracy in poor countries 5. Weak rule of law 6. Poor management of resource revenues 7. Poor access to affordable education 8. Corruption 9. Over population
  7. 7. Statistics on a Universal level • In the Asian, African and Latin American countries, over 500 million people are living in what the World Bank has called quot;absolute povertyquot; • Every year 15 million children die of hunger • For the price of one missile, a school full of hungry children could eat lunch every day for 5 years • In the Asian, African and Latin American countries, well over 500 million people are living in what the World Bank has called quot;absolute povertyquot; • Every year 15 million children die of hunger • Every 3.6 seconds someone dies of hunger
  8. 8. India
  9. 9. Statistics on India • Population: 1.14 Billion; urban 27.8% • Annual Growth Rate: 1.3% • Education: Years compulsory-none • Literacy: 64.84% • Health: Infant Mortality Rate: 34.61/1000 • Work Force: 450 million I. Agriculture: 60% II. Industry and commerce: 18% III. Services and government:22%
  10. 10. More statistics • Indian supports over 15% of the world’s population. • India’s median age is 25 (one of the youngest among large economies). • 70% live in more than 550,000 villages. • The remainder live in 200 towns and cities.
  11. 11. Statistics on hunger in India • By 2005, the percentage of poor has declined by 26%; the economy grew by 5%. • India has the highest percentage of people suffering from hunger in the world; 200 million. • The 2008 Global Hunger Index ranks India at 66 of 88 countries. • Not one of the 17 states in India were in the low or moderate hunger category.
  12. 12. Table 1: Percentage and Number of Poor in India Since 1973 Year Percentage of Poor Number of poor Annual Real Rate of (Millions) decline in the number of poor 1973-74 54.90% 321 4% 1977-78 51.30% 329 -0.59% 1983 44.50% 323 0.31% 1987-88 38.90% 307 1.25% 1993-94 36.00% 320 -0.70% 1999-00 26.10% 260 3.40% • As for the expert Group Methodology. • A negative rate of decline means the number of poor increased. Source: National Institute of Rural Development (2004); Rural Development Statistics, 2002-03
  13. 13. More statistics • India scored worse than nearly 25 sub-saharan African countries and all of South Asia, except Bangladesh, despite economic growth. • Best performing state has a “serious” hunger problem. • Around 60% of more than 10 million children in the state of Madhya Pradesh were malnourished.
  14. 14. Causes for famine in India 1. Inadequate access to food. 2. Poor Feeding practices. 3. Poor childcare practices in India.
  15. 15. Main Causes • Today, the Global Food Crisis is the main cause for starvation in India. • Global Food Crisis: The prices for basics are increasing such as rice and wheat. • Many people in India earn 2$ or less in a day. • This problem happened the first when the British arrived in India and introduced free markets in food.
  16. 16. Drought • The last main cause includes the droughts. • Agriculture in India is controlled by the weather, and the availability of water is dependant on Monsoons. • Most famous famines: 1. The Bengal Famine of 1770: one third died 2. 1876-1877: 5 million died 3. 1899 Famine: 4.5 million died 4. Bengal Famine of 1943: 5 million died
  17. 17. Theory behind Famine in India • The Dependency theory. • This is based on the Marxist analysis of inequalities within the world system, but contrasts with the view of free market where economists who argue that free trade advances poor states along an enriching path to full economic integration.
  18. 18. Somalia
  19. 19. • Location: Kenya, East Africa. • Area: 738,000 sq km. • Population: 10 Million
  20. 20. Causes of starvation: • Drought. • Civil War.
  21. 21. Drought • Climates in Somalia are 30 – 40 degree’s Celsius at maximum. 15 – 30 degree’s Celsius at minimum. • There is little rainfall in Somalia. • The factors above go hand in hand and lead to draught. • Consequences: Water shortage, less crops, dust storms, and the destructions of habitats.
  22. 22. Civil War: Background information • On July 1 1960 Somalia became independent. • This caused the country to be divided into three sectors : - English Somalia - Italian Somalia - French Somalia (a.k.a. Djibouti) • Major General Muhammad Siad Barre attempted to establish Somalia as a socialist state.
  23. 23. Civil War: The Start of Chaos • In 1991 people began to rebel against Barre’s new regime. • This caused many interclan and interfactional wars. • The U.N. and forces in the U.S.A. took notice and attempted to help. • They over came the starvation issue for a short time but security was still an ongoing issue. • They withdrew all their resources in 1994 due to suffering too many casualties as a result of the civil wars taking place.
  24. 24. Civil War: Further Destruction • The interfactional wars did not stop. • No government, and an attempt to set up a new government (in the year 2000)failed. • Regions of Somalia began to separate themselves from the country. They tried to be more individual. • After September 11 2001 the U.S.A. decided to become more involved again due to fears of undergoing a terrorist attack by Somalia. This only worsened the situation and encouraged more interfactional wars.
  25. 25. Sociological Perspective • Social Conflict theory exists here in the form of regional conflict. • Different groups seek to gain power and reshape the society in the way which they feel is best. • In a way we can also assume that this is a man made conflict since it is the people of the nation themselves who are worsening the situation.
  26. 26. • The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) has received information from Manabadhikar Suraksha Mancha (Masum) in West Bengal, India, that people in Murshidabad district are dying of starvation while the government authorities have not taken any effective action to stop the deaths. One five-year-old boy is reported to have been eating dirt before he died. • Location: Dayarampur village • Persons affected: 1. Azizul Haque 2. Alimuddin Seik, aged about 67, husband of Jahida Beoa 3. Jahida Beoa, aged 60, wife of Alimuddin Seik 4. Sattar Seik, aged 50 • And many others.
  27. 27. • Azizul Haque • Neimuddin stated that his brother Azizul Haque died of hunger because of no work to earn a livelihood. Up to today Azizul's wife and son are starving, and may also die from hunger soon • Alimuddin Seik and Jahida Beoa • Sukuda Bibi, a relative of Alimuddin Seik and his wife Jahida Beoa, says that both of them died recently after their bodies swelled up from malnutrition. • Another five-year-old boy also died suffering from the same cause. Five days ago his stomach was swelled up. It was found out that he had been living by eating dirt. For many days there had been no cooking in his house.
  28. 28. • Sattar Seik • Sattar Seik died of hunger at the Behrampur District Sadar Hospital. He was referred there from the Rural Health Centre of Sadikhanrdeyar. On this case Dr Ashish Kumar Ghosh said, quot;We don't have proper and sufficient medical equipment and so we have to refer our patients to the district hospital.The patients who have been referred to the district hospital here are not in condition even to utter a word. They have been kept on oxygen but nothing can be said regarding their improvement.
  29. 29. Organizations that Help to cope with Famine Chauncy Maples Malawi Trust Medical Benevolence Foundation Free lessons for Knysna Schoolchildren RIPPLE Africa SOS Children: Aids Africa Link Ethiopia Achieve in Africa Poverty In Africa. You Can Help Self Help Africa Transafrika Cultural Institutes Stand Up For Africa, etc.
  30. 30. Medical Benevolence Foundation The Medical Benevolence Foundation (MBF) has worked to provide hope and healing to those most in need.
  31. 31. Stand Up For Africa • This organization provides lots of opportunities for people to help support deprived children and young people in Africa. • It also are raising funds to build a dedicated Crisis Response Centre that will provide a range of services to support young people and women affected by physical and emotional abuses such as domestic violence, rape and neglect.
  32. 32. What Can Be Done? • We can Donate. • We can Increase Awareness. • We can participate in organizations that help to reduce poverty.
  33. 33. References • http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3454.htm • http://www.foodjustice.net/ha/mainfile.php/ha2005/38/ • http://incredimazing.com/page/Kevin_Carters_Pulitzer_Prizewinnin g_Photo • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Famine • library.thinkquest.org/C002291/high/present/stats.htm • http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0724/p01s01-wogi.html • http://library.thinkquest.org/10136/famine/famitq.htm • http://news .bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7669152.stm • http://rediff.com/money/2008/may/26interl.htm • http://stanford.wellsphere.com/vitamins-supplements-article/blog- action-day-fighting-starvation/422869

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