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ExplOERer: Creative Commons Licences

Learning to (Re)Use Open Education Resources - focusing on open licensing.

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ExplOERer: Creative Commons Licences

  1. 1. Creative Commons Licences Learning to (Re)Use Open Educational Resources @josiefraser 2 March 2016
  2. 2. Understanding copyright • Copyright is a type of intellectual property which grants the owner of the copyright exclusive rights to control how their work is used, reproduced and credited. • Works acquire copyright automatically, without the need to register the work. Copyright is granted to new works when they are recorded in a material form, such as being written down or saved on a computer. • Copyright lasts for the lifetime of the creator, plus usually an additional few decades following their death, depending on the type of work.
  3. 3. Public Domain • A work is in the public domain if the intellectual property rights have expired, or if they have been waived by the rights holder.
  4. 4. Open licensing & Creative Commons • There are a range of licences which can be used by educators to provide additional permissions to use and reuse work • Creative Commons (CC) are well established, standardised, internationally recognised - & there are lots of resources available to support educators • CC licences work alongside existing copyright laws -their free licences can be used by copyright holders to allow others to share, reuse and remix their works, legally & without having to ask permission first.
  5. 5. What is an open licence? • Open content, including open educational resources (OER), can be described as legally free. • This legal freedom is expressed through a licence — called an open licence — through which the copyright holder grants permission to use, access and re-distribute work with few restrictions.
  6. 6. Creative Commons • Creative Commons licensing allows you to find content that you can use legally to support teaching and learning. When sharing content, Creative Commons clarifies the terms on which you are happy for your work to be shared.
  7. 7. Attribution (BY) • All Creative Commons licences require that you credit the copyright holder when reusing their work in any way.
  8. 8. Share-Alike (SA) • You let others copy, distribute, display, perform and modify your work, as long as they distribute the work and any modified work on the same terms.
  9. 9. NoDerivatives (ND) • You let others copy, distribute, display and perform only original copies of your work. If they want to modify your work, they must get your permission first.
  10. 10. NonCommercial (NC) • You let others copy, distribute, display, perform and (unless you have chosen NoDerivatives) modify and use your work for any purpose other than commercially.
  11. 11. Permissions can be combined to give six different types of CC licences
  12. 12. Free Cultural Works • CC marks the most permissive of its licenses as “Approved for Free Cultural Works.” When you apply these licenses to material you create, it meets the Freedom Defined definition of a “Free Cultural Work.” Free cultural works are the ones that can be most readily used, shared, and remixed by others. Approved! Not approved!
  13. 13. Questions • Does it matter which licence we use? • Which licence would you recommend others use, or use to share your own work? Why?
  14. 14. Thank you! Creative Commons Licences: Learning to (Re)Use Open Educational Resources (2016) by Josie Fraser is licensed under CC BY 4.0
  15. 15. Credits This work is based on OER Guidance for Schools (2014), by Björn Haßler, Helen Neo and Josie Fraser. Published by Leicester City Council, available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0. For further OER resources and guidance, see: For more information about Creative Commons Licences, see: John H. Weitzmann (2015) OER up! Open Licensing Webinar licenced under CC-BY-SA 4.0