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Stay Legal: Use Open Educational Resources


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Workshop session run by Stuart Nicol and Stephanie (Charlie) Farley at the University of Edinburgh, May 4th 2016.

Learn how to create teaching and research presentations that can be shared openly on the web without infringing copyright.

In this session participants were invited to develop short visual presentations using openly licensed content. Participants were guided through the process of finding, reusing, and sharing open content, learning about Creative Commons licenses along the way.

Published in: Education
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Stay Legal: Use Open Educational Resources

  1. 1. Stay Legal: Use Open Educational Resources Stuart Nicol Stephanie (Charlie) Farley Open Education Resources Learning, Teaching, and Web Services University of Edinburgh
  2. 2. Welcome Aims for today 1) Know more about OER when you leave than when you came in 2) Create a fully attributable, shareable artifact By AIGA [Public domain], via Wikimedia
  3. 3. What is an OER? An OER is a freely available and openly licensed digital resource. “OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re- purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge” The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  4. 4. Open Access vs. Open Education Resources (OER) Open Access refers to publications released under an open license (e.g. open access journals). Open Data refers to data that is freely available to use and republish. Open Education Resources (OER) specifically refers to using materials for teaching & learning released under an open licence. Materials available on the web without explicit copyright statement or open licence should not be considered OERs. • The absence of a copyright statement does not necessarily mean that the material is free to use or adapt. • OERs should always display a licence containing the terms of reuse.
  5. 5. Some definitions • Intellectual property rights (IPR) are the rights given to persons over the creations of their minds (usually for a set period of time). • Copyright is an area of IPR that covers the rights of authors of creative works. • A licence is the permission, or authorisation, to re-use a copyrighted work. • A Creative Commons (CC) licence is one of several open licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work. • By applying an open licence to a copyrighted work, rights holders give permission for others to copy or change their work in ways that would otherwise infringe copyright law.
  6. 6. _OA
  7. 7. Creative Commons licenses
  8. 8. Edinburgh's OER vision 1. For the common good: Teaching and learning materials exchange to enrich the University and the sector; 2. Edinburgh at its best: Showcasing openly the highest quality learning and teaching; 3. Edinburgh’s treasures: Making available online a significant collection of unique learning materials available openly to Scotland, the UK and the world, promoting health and economic and cultural well- being.
  9. 9. What our guidelines say OER aligns with the University’s mission “Use, creation, and publication of OERs is consistent with the University’s reputation, values and mission to ‘Make a significant, sustainable and socially responsible contribution to Scotland, the UK and the world, promoting health and economic and cultural wellbeing.’” Everyday teaching & learning material exchange “It is expected that OERs used, created or published by individual staff and students will normally be single units or small collections [...] rather than whole courses.”
  10. 10. Our support for OER • OER support service: centrally support service. – Advice / staff and student training sessions / awareness raising • Open.Ed website – Showcasing Edinburgh’s OERs / how-to guides / news and information. In the future will also include sharing & searching tools. –
  11. 11. Aim: Create an ‘infographic’ from open resources Focusing on: • Where to source openly licensed resources • How to attribute Creative Commons licensed materials • Signpost where and how to share and license your work
  12. 12. Activity 1: What is your strategic vision in one sentence and 3 key words (10 mins) By AIGA [Public domain], via Wikimedia On the theme of: “Using the digital to capture the international”
  13. 13. Activity 2: Search for 3 suitable images that visually support your message
  14. 14. A good rule of thumb is to use the acronym TASL, which stands for Title, Author, Source, Licence: • Title - What is the name of the material? • Author - Who owns the material? • Source - Where can I find it? • Licence - How can I use it? • Lastly, is there anything else I should know before I use it? What attribution information do I need?
  15. 15. It’s a good idea to keep track of attribution information as you go (and keep it if possible). But is that enough information? Keep track of resources resources you use Attributing Creative Commons Materials by ccAustralia & CCI ARC, licensed under CC BY 2.5
  16. 16. Search for images (15 mins) CC Search provides a useful ‘meta-search’ over a number of media platforms:
  17. 17. Activity 3: Create team infographic panel (10 mins) with image attribution applied
  18. 18. The licence tells you to be reasonable: “You may satisfy the conditions in (1) and (2) above in any reasonable manner based on the medium, means and context in which the Licensed Material is used. For example, it may be reasonable to satisfy some or all of the conditions by retaining a copyright notice, or by providing a URI or hyperlink associated with the Licensed Material, if the copyright notice or webpage includes some or all of the required information.” There is no one right way; just make sure your attribution is reasonable and suited to the medium you're working with. That being said, you still have to include attribution requirements somehow, even if it's just a link to an About page that has that info. Attribution doesn’t need to be complicated Best practices for attribution by Creative Commons, licensed under CC BY 4.0
  19. 19. Attributing Creative Commons Materials by ccAustralia & CCI ARC, licensed under CC BY 2.5
  20. 20. The good, the bad, and the ugly The Creative Commons Wiki provides detailed information on how to correctly attribute resources in a number of contexts: Good: "Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco" by tvol is licensed under CC BY 4.0 Average: Photo by tvol / CC BY Incorrect: Photo: Creative Commons
  21. 21. Powerpoint templates Team Link 1 links (for event only) 2 Links removed from 3 uploaded SlideShare. 4 link 5 link
  22. 22. Share & feedback
  23. 23. Sharing OERs • Ensure that the material is your own work, or contains only openly licensed work shared under the agreed terms. The copyright service will be able to help if you are unsure about copyright issues ( • Choose the most appropriate license for your material. The Creative Commons website licence chooser is a useful tool for choosing & generating the licence text and image: Some platforms allow you to choose and generate a licence in the upload workflow (Flickr, YouTube, Vimeo, etc.). • University of Edinburgh should be stated as the licensor so that the resource can be correctly attributed: © The University of Edinburgh. • More information can be found in the University’s Open Educational Resource Policy (
  24. 24. Where should I share my OER? There are several options for sharing your OER depending on subject area and target audience.
  25. 25. OER Repository JORUM MERLOT Xpert OERCommons TESConnect Social Media Youtube Flicker iTunesU Slideshare SoundCloud OpenCourseWare MIT OpenCourseWare OpenLearn TU Delft OCW
  26. 26. Examples: SlideShare & Flickr Many platforms incorporate CC licensing options. SlideShare & Flickr both allow you to apply a default licence across an account or change for each uploaded resource. • •