LIB 630 Classification and Cataloging Spring 2012CollectionEvaluation
2Collection Assessment Manual, Network of Alabama Academic Libraries
3 What is collection evaluation?• Try this one: – Collection assessment • The systematic evaluation of the quality of a library collection to determine the extent to which it meets the library‟s service goals and objectives and the information needs of its clientele. Deficiencies are addressed through collection development. Synonymous with collection evaluation.
4 Another definition?• Collection assessment is – “an organized process for systematically analyzing and describing a library‟s collection.” • Collection Assessment & Mapping Defining the Concepts
5 Why assess the collection?• Reasons for Doing an Assessment – Collection assessment or collection mapping provides library administrators with a management tool for adapting the collection, an internal analysis tool for planning, a tool to respond systematically to budget changes, and a communication tool and data for resource sharing with other libraries. Library staff can also benefit by having a better understanding of the collection, a basis for more selective collection development, improved communication with similar libraries, and enhanced professional skills in collection development. • Collection Assessment & Mapping
9 Types of Collection Assessment?1. Quantitative – Another kind of quantitative measure looks at the number of items added to the collection in a particular subject area during the previous year. – In academic or school libraries, another measure that is sometimes used is a measure of the number of items per student in a particular program or the number of items that would support a particular course of study. http://lili.org/forlibs/ce/able/course2/05measures1.htm
10 Types of collection assessment?2. Qualitative
11 11 Newtonian physics• Newton first used the word spectrum (Latin for “appearance” or “apparition”) in print in 1671 in describing his experiments in optics.• Newton observed that when a narrow beam of sunlight strikes the face of a glass prism at an angle, some is reflected and some of the beam passes into and through the glass, emerging as different colored bands. – Visible spectrum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
12 12 Spectrum requires a prism• Estonian composer Arvo Pärt: – I could compare my music to white light which contains all colours. Only a prism can divide the colours and make them appear; this prism could be the spirit of the listener. • about his music: Alina
13 13 Prism as a filter• Historian Doris Kearns Goodwin: – The biographer finds that the past is not simply the past, but a prism through which the subject filters his own changing self-image. • Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1979). „„Angles of Vision‟‟, in: Mark Pachter (Ed.), Telling Lives: the biographer‟s art. Washington, DC: New Republic Books. Cited in Debate and Reflection: How to Write Journalism History
14The goal of collection building? 14 Amanda Credaro: “. . . the ultimate goal of collection development must be to create a „balanced‟ collection . . .” balanced • The Use of Reviewing Journals in School Libraries
What do you mean, balanced? 15Credaro:“. . . there is disagreement as towhat actually constitutes a„balanced‟ collection.” • equal numbers of print and non-print resources? • materials that present the arguments for both sides on controversial issues? • a combination of both “demand” items and quality resources?
How can we tell? 16How do we know when we have “awell-balanced collection that meetsthe needs of our users”? “To evaluate the results of any particular intervention, we need to be able to clearly identify and define the desired state.” • T. Scott Plutchak, “The art and science of making choices,” Journal of the Medical Library Association 2003 January; 91(1): 1–3.
Define your desired state! 17•What is your library‟smission?•Where, then, will be yourpoint of balance?
18 18 A prism to view the full balanced spectrum• Personal• Real• Invented• SMiley face
Two Continuums 19•Real Invented•Personal Smiley Face
Put „em together! 20 RealPe SMr is lo en yal Invented
Application to Collections???. . . And, for example, Dragons????
22 Top Left Sector of Matrix RealP Up close and personal—and real!e Folklore: Folklore is the body of expressive culture, includingr tales, music, dance, legends, orals history, proverbs, jokes, popularo beliefs, customs, material culture, and son forth, common to a particular population, comprising the traditionsa (including oral traditions) of thatl culture, subculture, or group. (Wikipedia) Invented
23 23 Dragons in folklorehttp://www.thewhitegoddess.co.uk/articles/mythology_folklore/dragons.asp
24 Bottom Left Sector of Matrix• Invented, but Personal RealPer Quality literature, sometimess adaptations, or else originalo writing, with universal appealn and meaning for everymana and everywomanl Invented
An invented dragon who is 25 25very personal (if not exactly loveable!)
26 A good invented dragon• My Father‟s Dragon – A Newbery Honor–winning title and a favorite among children, My Father‟s Dragon by Ruth Stiles Gannett, is a humorous adventure story about a clever and resourceful boy named Elmer Elevator, who runs away to Wild Island to rescue a baby dragon. • My Father‟s Dragon
27 27 Top Right of the Matrix• Real Smileys! Real Recognizable stories, but unoriginal and shallow
28 28 Dragon stories that are real smileys?• . . . The tone and style suggest Saturday-morning animated films and will appeal to the same audience. For humorous adventure fantasy that is better crafted and more nourishing, try Jon Scieszka‟s Knights of the Kitchen Table (Viking, 1991) and other works in the “Time Warp Trio” series. – Virginia Golodetz, Childrens Literature New England, Burlington, VT (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. – Review cited by Durham Public Library
29 29 Bottom Right of the Matrix• Invented smileys [perhaps contrived?] Generic, unoriginal, impersonal, shallowInvented
An invented “smiley” dragon? 30• What about the Dazzling Dragon? – When Princess Daisy hears that a real dragon is being brought into the Princess Academy, she is terrified. What will her friends think of her being such a scaredy cat? But later Princess Daisy has a chance to show how brave she really is... • Blurb from The Tiara Club website
31 31 How to use this PRISM?• Evaluation instrument – Part of inventory or selection/acquisition • Create a scattergram Real P e r s o n a l Invented
32 32 Balancing issues• Especially controversial ones! ISSUE P e r s o n a l COUNTERISSUE
34 Print vs. online Print SourcesP The originale novelsrson http://www.hp-lexicon.org/ http://www.mugglenet.comal Online Sources
35 Results of Collection Assessment• Selection of new materials• Repair of existing materials• Deselection of existing materials
36 Repairing library materials• Questions to ask: – When to repair and when to remove the item? – How much to spend on repair? – What techniques to use to repair? – Who pays for the repair? • The user or the library? • Or does the user lose borrowing privileges or receive some other form of punishment? – Who decides?
37 Deselection• Definition? – In book and nonprint collections, the process of identifying titles for weeding, usually on the basis of currency, usage, and condition. The opposite of selection. • Deselection, ODLIS
38 What is weeding?• Weeding Your Library by Perma-Bound – Weeding is the periodic and continual evaluation of your library‟s resources with the goal of removing obsolete, damaged, and rarely used books. Weeding ensures that your library‟s materials are useful, attractive, and accessible to your patrons. Every library‟s print collection is limited by the space available, and collections must change over time to reflect changes in the community and in the library‟s goals.