World History Knowledge MapGeography: 1. Cultural landscape is used to describe how locals use the land around them to their advantage. 2. A physical map shows mountains, rivers, valleys, oceans, and other natural features. 3. A political map shows boundaries of states and countries…..various colors are used to show a country’s borders. 4. Grid points on maps and globes are standard methods for locating specific points or positions. 5. Historical and cultural maps show political boundaries, migration patterns, trade routes, and colonization. 6. The development of human societies has been shaped by Earth’s physical features and environmental influences. 7. The five themes of geography are location, place, movement, region, and human- environment interaction. 8. Technological advances such as the printing press, telegraph, airplanes, and Internet have brought assimilation and cultural exchange. 9. The push-pull factor involves a pushing force which acts to drive people away from a place and the pull that draws them to a new location. 10. Global interdependence means that each country depends on other countries. 11. Globalization is the increasing interconnection of people and places as shown in free trade, free flow capital, and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets. 12. Infrastructure means the basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society, such as transportation and communications systems, water and power lines, and public institutions including schools, post offices, and prisons. 13. Food, language, clothing, religion, way of life, practices, customs all describe a person’s culture. 14. Assimilation is the process of learning by emersion….in other words you absorb your surroundingsEconomics: 15. Demand of goods changes over time based on the consumers needs. 16. Scarcity of resources necessitates trade-offs, and trade-offs result in an opportunity. 17. Markets may have undesired outcomes or limited resources and governments and nations must decide how scarce resources are allocated. 18. Traditional economy in which resources are allocated by inheritance 19. Command economy in which supply and price are regulated by the government. 20. Market economy in which the production and distribution of goods and services take place through free markets guided by a free price system. 21. Changes in productivity, such as new technologies and new organizational methods, have impacted global living standards and economic strategies. 22. Technology, industrialization, competition, and wages improve the quality and quantity of human capital and increase productivity. 23. Factors of production include human resources, capital resources, natural resources, and entrepreneurship. 24. The stock market plays an important role in the economies of the United States and other countries. 25. Inflation is the rise in the average price level of all goods and services produced in an economy and impact the growth and prosperity of a nation. 26. Gross Domestic Product is used to measure a nation’s economic success and standard of living. 27. One disadvantage to global trade is that imports from foreign countries and endangers domestic jobs and one advantage to global trade is that it promotes cooperation between countries and results in stability and prosperity. 28. Exchange rates are how one countries dollar equals another country’s dollar. 29. Changes in money over time effects global trade. 30. When supply (amount of product) exceeds demand (how much people want the product), prices fall, when demand exceeds supply, prices rise.
31. The four types of market structures are monopolies, monopolistic competition, oligopolies, and pure competition. 32. The marketing techniques of advertising and e-commerce have global effects.Civics: 33. A dictatorship is a form of government in which absolute power is concentrated in a dictator or a small clique. 34. Democracy is a form of government by the people and a rule of the majority. 35. Monarchy is absolute rule by a single person. 36. Theocracy is a form of government in which a God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler. 37. Thomas Jefferson, Abdel Nasser, Juan Peron, and George Washington all had a role in changing government. 38. The environmentalist movement, the human rights movement, and the feminist movement were all major movements. 39. A Constitution is the system of fundamental laws and principles that prescribes the nature, functions, and limits of a government of another institution. 40. National symbols show national pride and loyalty, and include flags, statues and monuments. 41. All citizens have rights and responsibilities. 42. Voting can be an important citizen right and responsibility. 43. Citizen participation can be an important influence on government. 44. Amnesty International, United Nations, and Doctors without Borders are world organizations involved in citizen rights.History: 45. Political cartoons have changed policy and public perception. 46. A timeline shows a span of chronological time during which events happen. 47. The Renaissance Period (French for rebirth) was a cultural movement that spanned the 14th through the 17th Century and included writers and artists such as Machiavelli, Michelangelo, Shakespeare, and Leonardo de Vinci. 48. New technologies such as astrolabes, caravels, and compasses made European exploration possible. 49. Christopher Columbus, Ferdinand Magellan, Vasco de Gama, and Vasco Nunez de Balboa were important explorers during The Age of Exploration 50. The establishment of colonies caused the conquest of indigenous people in Africa, Asia, and the New World. 51. Both the Triangular Trade and the Columbian Exchange consisted of the sharing back and forth of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres plants, animals, people, and pathogens 52. The Ottoman Empire was the predominant Muslim Empire from the 14th to the early 20th centuries. 53. Some major contributors of the Scientific Revolution were Francis Bacon, Isaac Newton, Nicholas Copernicus, and Galileo Galilee. 54. England emerged as a world power during the Elizabethan Period. 55. Conflicts over policies in the Catholic Church led to the Protestant Reformation. 56. During the Protestant Reformation, reformers broke away to create new protestant churches. 57. The Counter Reformation brought many reforms within the Catholic Church, including Jesuit priests whose missions extended the Catholic religion to the Western Hemisphere. 58. Religious conflicts in the Protestant and Counter Reformation led to violence in Europe that lasted for more than 3 decades. 59. Enlightenment thinkers such as John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Voltaire, and Baron de Montesquieu influenced modern society and revolutionary movements. 60. Changing technology, mass production, and societal changes all contributed to the Industrial Revolution. 61. Pandemics such as the bubonic plague, small pox, influenza, polio, and HIV-AIDS result in societal changes. 62. Abolition, labor movements, suffrage, rise of socialism, and temperance were 19th century social and political reform movements.
63. European imperialism, or empire building, experienced a period of rapid expansion around the globe during the last third of the 19th century due to its power, industrialization, and organizational efficiency.64. Imperialism is the forceful extension of a nations authority by territorial conquest establishing economic and political domination of other nations with an attitude of superiority and subordination over foreign peoples.65. The continent of Africa was dominated by imperialistic controls until the mid-20th century.66. Some causes of World War I were Imperialism, militarism, nationalism, and formation of various alliances67. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most important events of the 20th century and resulted in the collapse of the Tsarist regime and the establishment of the world’s first communist state.68. Changing technology in weapons, medicine, transportation, and communication influenced World War I and World War II.69. Some causes of World War II were economic depression, fascism, racism, and the attack on Pearl Harbor.70. Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction of an ethnic, religious or national group.71. Ethnic cleansing refers to various policies or practices aimed at the displacement of an ethnic group from a particular territory in order to create a supposedly ethnically "pure" society.72. Some consequences of World War II were threat of the atomic bomb, new world organizations, strengthening of alliances, and the beginning of the “Cold War”.73. The Battle of Britain, Battle of the Bulge, D-Day, Midway. Pearl Harbor, and Stalingrad were all turning-point battles of World War II.74. Some post World War II international organizations were NATO, the Warsaw Pact, and the United Nations.75. After World War II, communism expanded throughout Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia, Cuba, and Latin America.76. The “Cold War” was a period of history following WWII to 1990, when USA and USSR, along with their allies, were in competition politically and economically, yet not engaged in direct warfare.77. Technological advances transformed world economies in the late 20th century.78. Some causes and effects of terrorism include safety, security, economics, tourism, patriotism, nationalism, and 9/11.