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Obligations Of Quran


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Obligations Of Quran

  1. 1. OBLIGATIONS TO QUR’AAN 1) To believe that Qur’aan is an oration of Allah (swt) 2) To regularly recite Qur’aan (with slow thoughtful & correct pronunciation) 3) To understand the Qur’aan 4) To act upon the Guidance of Qur’aan 5) To convey the Message of Qur’aan Importance of the Subject “Indeed! This (the Qur’aan) is the decisive Word and it is not something purposeless.” (At’taariq-86: 13, 14) For Muslims to stand high in this world and be successful in hereafter is dependent upon fulfilling the obligation to Qur’aan. Glory in this World: Saying of the Prophet (saw) : “Verily! Allah (swt) will glorify nations if they abided by the Book and disgrace them on account of avoiding it.” (Muslim) Success in hereafter: Saying of the Prophet (saw) “Qur’aan will be an argument in your favor or plead against you in hereafter.” (Muslim) 1st Obligation: To believe that Qur’aan is an oration of Allah (swt) There are two aspects of belief: i. Verbal Affirmation: This is a word of God, descended on the last of the prophets (saw) through Hazrat Jibraeel (as). ii. Heart felt Testification: Testification with the heart that Qur’aan is an oration of Allah (swt), (the King of the kings) and he brought it down on the Prophet (saw). Instead of taking Qur’aan as a sacred book or an ancestral dogma, we should have firm conviction that Qur’aan is a divine book of guidance which relates to all spheres of daily life.  The Practical portrayal of Heart felt belief: The Prophet (saw) and his companions had deep love with Qur’aan. The Holy Prophet (saw) used to recite lengthy Surahs of Qur’aan during the midnight prayers. His companions would try to complete the recitation of whole Qur’aan within three days, so that Prophet (saw) had to stop them from doing so. He (saw) advised them to complete the recitation of Qur’aan in a week.  Glimpse of our situation: 1. A big majority of us, does not even read Qur’aan. 2. Most of the readers just read it with the intention to seek benevolence or reward, without exactly paying attention to its message. 3. Guidance cannot be obtained without understanding the Qur’aan. 4. We are ready to invest our time and money in acquiring other sciences, when it comes to Qur’aan our unwillingness is very obvious.
  2. 2.  How to attain heartfelt conviction: 1. Company of believers. 2. Pondering over the Qur’aan as a seeker of guidance.  The extract of heartfelt conviction: The sign of heartfelt conviction is, when we begin to have the notion that nothing is more valuable than Qur’aan between earth and the sky. This belief forms the basis of fulfilling other obligations to Qur’aan. Now learning, teaching, conveying its message and acting upon its guidance will become the greatest honor for us. 2nd Obligation: To regularly recite Qur’aan  When heartfelt conviction permeates deeply, one starts valuing the Qur’aan in its utmost. Now the process of regular reading and recitation is initiated; about which Qur’aan says: “Those to whom we have delivered the book, recite it as it ought to be recited. They are those who believe in the Book.” (Albaqarah: 121)  For reciting the holy book term ‘Tilaawat’ is used. Tilaawat refers to, following something out of reverence; hence it means to read with the same intention.  A regular ‘tilaawat’ of Qur’aan is necessary because: • It nurtures our ‘Eemaan’ (heartfelt conviction) • It satisfies the need of our soul. Our soul needs nourishment just like our earthly body. All the needs of earthly body are fulfilled from earth. Soul is the spirit of Allah and satisfaction of its need comes from Allah i.e., Qur’aan. • Tilaawat of Qur’aan leans on during hard times and is effective for the contentment of heart. “Be notified! Hearts attain contentment only through the remembrance of Allah (swt)” (ArRaad: 13: 28) The biggest mode of remembrance of Allah is Qur’aan. Some important considerations for ‘Tilaawat’ of Qur’aan: i. Correct Pronunciation (Tajweed): It means knowing the Arabic words with their actual phonetic sounds, uttering them properly and to be aware of the basic rules of recitation. ii. Apparent Etiquettes: A prior ablution, dressed in clean & ‘Pak’ clothes, sitting at a clean spot, facing towards Qibla, and to initiate recitation with: • Ta’awwuz: “I seek refuge of Allah (swt) from the Satan, the rejected and stoned one.” • Tasmea: “In the name of Allah, the most benevolent and merciful.” iii. Implied Etiquettes: Realization of supremacy of Allah (swt) and of His Divine revelation, fear of his accountability, his reverence, intent to seek his guidance, and intention of acting on the requisites of the Qur’aan. iv. Daily Routine: We should include recitation of Qur’aan in our daily routine. v. Harmonic Accent:
  3. 3. Recite Qur’aan in an attractive accent; which is pleasing to the ear. A saying of Prophet (saw) is: “Ornate Qur’aan with your beautiful voices” (Abu Dawood) vi. Memorization (Hifz): All of us should try to memorize most of the Qur’aan so that we could recite most of it during discretionary (‘Nafil’) prayers. vii. Slow & Thoughtful Reading (Tarteel): In prayers Qur’aan should be read with thoughtfulness, stopping at each ayah, in order to comprehend the meanings, and feel its effects on heart and soul. 3rd Obligation: To Understand the Qur’aan  Qur’aan is a guiding manual for humans; guidance will take effect when the manual is understood properly.  Qur’aan is read the most but is understood the little. There is no other book, which is read without understanding. This injustice is done only with the Book of Allah.  As far as we do not learn Arabic, we should recite Qur’aan with translation.  We should try to learn Arabic so that we can directly understand the Qur’aan. Direct understanding of Qur’aan creates more impact on the hearts as compared to reading translations.  For those of us who have acquired fluency in foreign languages, mastery in high-tech worldly skills, will have no excuse in front of Almighty Allah on the Day of Judgment, for not learning Arabic language to directly understand the Qur’aan. Two levels of understanding Qur’aan i. Tazakkur Tazakkur is to know the central idea of guidance from a section of Qur’aan through a quick overview. • Regarding Tazakkur Allah (swt) has made Qur’aan a clear book which is very easy to understand. Allah says: “Hence we have made Qur’aan an easy to understand book: Is there some one who gets admonished?” (Alqamar: 17, 22, 32, 40) For ‘Tazakkur’ all we need is, just a little effort to learn only that much of Arabic so that we can get the meanings of Qur’aan without looking at its translation. ii. Tadabbur Tadabbur refers to deeply pondering over a section of Qur’aan to understand the underlying wisdom or philosophy of the subject. • Regarding Tadabbur, Qur’aan is very vast and profound. A whole lifespan and very high scholastic aptitude is required of a person to be indulging in such an activity. In spite of this Qur’aan emphasizes on Tadabbur by saying: “So why don’t they ponder over the Qur’aan or if their hearts are sealed” (Mohammad: 47: 24) • The real essence of Tadabbur is: i) To dig out pearls of knowledge and wisdom of Qur’aan ii) Through this process one acquires such a conviction that the greatness of Qur’aan gets deeply embedded in his heart. iii) To deduce the solutions of various problems from Qur’aan
  4. 4. iv) One can easily sort out right from wrong when faced with the modern doctrines. 4th Obligation: To act upon the Guidance of Qur’aan  Reading and understanding Qur’aan can only be of some use and its benefits of a guiding manual can only be reaped when the objective is to act upon the guidance of Qur’aan.  A faith without practice of Qur’aanic principles is not trustworthy, “Whosoever makes legal what is forbidden in Qur’aan does not believe in Qur’aan.” (Tirmizi) i. Acting upon Qur’aan in Individual Affairs: Certain Qur’aanic commandments such as observing prayers, giving regular charity, performing Hajj, speaking the truth, and fulfilling what has been committed; pertain to the individual affairs of a person, they have to be observed regardlessly. “O you who believe! Why must you say, that does not relate to your actions? This is of great annoyance to Allah (swt) that you say something and do not act upon.” (As’Saff: 2-3) ii. Acting upon Qur’aan in Collective Affairs: Commandments which are mainly for the affairs of the public or society as a whole; for instance, chopping off limbs of a thief, beheading a killer, recovery of the regular charity, instituting Baitul Maal to provide a just social system, and making sure that interest, usury, gambling are not in practice. These commandments can only be enforced when Deen of Allah is empowered by a government established on Islamic principles. Hence it is incumbent upon Muslims to strive for empowerment of Allah’s Deen and establish an Islamic government. Otherwise observing all of the commandments of Qur’aan will remain an illusion. “And whoever does not make decisions by (the book) what Allah has revealed then surely those are non-believers” (Al-Maidah: 44) Practicing a division in Qur’aanic commandments regarding the affairs of life will result in condemnation in this world and severe punishment in hereafter.(Al-Baqarah:85) 5th Obligation: To Convey the Message to Others  Mohammad (saw) is the last of the prophets, institution of prophethood ended with him and he has brought the Message in its entirety.  Carrying the message of Allah (swt) to the rest of the mankind is obligatory on all Muslims. “You are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind, you enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong and believe in Allah.” (Ale-Imran: 110)  Over a continuous period of 23 years Mohammed (saw) carried out the task of calling towards and spreading the message of same Qur’aan. In his last sermon during Hajjatul Widda he asked Sahaba and all who were present at the time to be witness of the fact that he has conveyed the Message of Allah and he (saw) said:
  5. 5. “Now for those of you, who are present here should carry the message to those, who are not here.” (Musnad Ahmad)  The individuals of Muslim Ummah are duty bound to this responsibility according to their respective skills. Mohammad (saw) at the time had included every individual of his Ummah in this assignment. He (saw) said: “Convey from me even if it be a single Ayah” (Bukhari)
  6. 6. “Now for those of you, who are present here should carry the message to those, who are not here.” (Musnad Ahmad)  The individuals of Muslim Ummah are duty bound to this responsibility according to their respective skills. Mohammad (saw) at the time had included every individual of his Ummah in this assignment. He (saw) said: “Convey from me even if it be a single Ayah” (Bukhari)