WHMIS Online Training Section 3: MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS
<ul><li>After being alerted to a hazard by a label, you may want to get more information about the product, because: </li></ul><ul><li>You are about to use that product </li></ul><ul><li>You have been exposed to the product and want to know what you should do </li></ul><ul><li>You want to recommend controls for the product </li></ul><ul><li>Lets look at the MSDS for a common product: Bleach </li></ul>Section 3: Material Safety Data Sheets
Product Information Product Identification: Trade Name: Javex-5 Supplier Name / Address: Colgate Palmolive Canada 99 Vanderhoof Ave. Toronto, Ontario M4G 2H5 (416) 421-5000 Distributor Name / Address: Roy Turk Industrial Sales Ltd. 21 Taber Road Rexdale, Ontario (416) 742-2777 Emergency Phone Number: Canutec (613) 996-6886 Product Use: Disinfection, laundry and water treatment
<ul><li>Name of product, and any other name that it may have including chemical name </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation of what the product is used for </li></ul><ul><li>Name, address and phone number of the manufacturer or supplier </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency phone number of a poison control center such as Canutec - a Federal sponsored Canada-wide bilingual service </li></ul>Product Information Includes:
Preparation Information Prepared By: Phone Number: Date of Preparation: Colgate Palmolive Inc. Technical Services (416) 421-8000 July 1, 2003
<ul><li>Name and phone number of the people, department or service who created the MSDS – not who created the product itself </li></ul><ul><li>This is the contact for administrative purposes like obtaining a new MSDS </li></ul><ul><li>Date of issue for the MSDS. All MSDS’s expire 3 years from this date </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes this section and the previous section can be combined together in a MSDS </li></ul>Preparation Information Includes:
<ul><li>Lists all controlled ingredients and the concentration of each by percent </li></ul><ul><li>CAS number or Chemical Abstract Service for each ingredient. Like a serial number to avoid miscommunication </li></ul><ul><li>TLV or Threshold Limit Value is the acceptable level of exposure according to the ACGIH measured in milligrams per cubic meter (MG/M³) or parts per million (PPM). Example: 50 PPM means that 50 units of the gas is present for every 1 million units of air. </li></ul>Hazardous Ingredients Includes:
4. Physical Data Boiling Point (deg. C): 101 Special Gravity (H20 =1): 1.076 Vapour Pressure (mm Hg): 22 @ 20 Freezing Point (deg.C): -4 Vapour Density (Air=1): N/A Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): N/A pH: 13 Appearance: Clear Lime-Yellow Physical State: Liquid Solubility in Water: Soluble Odour: Typical Chlorine Bleach Viscosity @ 20 (deg.C): Water Thin
5. Fire & Explosion Data Flammability: Not Flammable Flash Point (Celsius): None LEL: None Hazardous Combustion Products: None Means of Extinction: If involved in fire use water, carbon dioxide or other class B extinguisher UEL: None Special Fire Hazards: None pH:
<ul><li>Flash Point is the lowest temperature that will give off enough vapour to burn, the lower the temperature, the higher the risk of fire </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous Combustion Products are chemicals which may be formed when a material burns. They may have other toxic properties not on the MSDS. </li></ul><ul><li>Means of Extinction tells which type of extinguisher should also be used. This section should be consulted when developing programs and response plans. </li></ul>6. Fire and Explosion Data Includes
7. Toxicological Properties Route of Entry: Eye, Skin Contact, Inhalation, Ingestion Effects of Acute Exposure: Will cause moderate irritation to skin and severe pain to eyes. Fumes may irritate mucous membranes and cause pulmonary edema. Effects of Chronic Exposure: Same as acute exposure Irritancy: Moderate to severe Teratogenicity, Mutagenicity, Reproductive Effects: Not Established Synergistic Materials: None Respiratory Tract Sensitization: May irritate mucous membranes if exposure is prolonged
<ul><li>Information about a chemical if poisonous </li></ul><ul><li>Route of Entry tells us which ways it can enter the body at a glance </li></ul><ul><li>Acute Effects describes the effects of poisons that have any effect immediately or after a single use </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic Effects describes the effects of poisons that have a gradual onset or take years of repeated exposure to have an effect </li></ul>Toxicological Properties Includes:
8. Preventative Measures Personal Protective Equipment: Wear PVC or rubber gloves, eye goggles, shield or rubber boots. When Handling Product: Preferred that you wear a plastic jacket or apron. Engineering Controls: General ventilation is adequate. Ventilate storage tank outside. Leak and Spill Procedure: Dilute small spills with water and add sodium sulfate or sodium metabisulfate and flush to sewer. For large spills call CANUTEC. Waste Disposal: In accordance with Federal, Provincial, local government requirements. Storage Requirements: Use polyethylene, FRP or PVC containers. Store at -20 to-30 C. Special Shipping Information: TDG regulated, DIN#1797, Class B, Packing Group 111.
<ul><li>PPE describes the type clothing or protective devices to wear when using the chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering Controls are ideal permanent changes to workstations, tools, equipment or processes to avoid or minimize exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Describes the proper way to handle, use and store the material. If applicable it tells us how to contain fugitive emissions </li></ul><ul><li>This section is important when developing and implementing programs and procedures </li></ul>Prevent Maintenance Includes:
9. First Aid Measures Eye: Immediately flush with water for 15 minutes. Call a physician. Skin: Immediately flush with water. Call a physician if irritation develops. Inhalation: If inhaled, removed to fresh air. If symptoms persist, call a physician. Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Rinse mouth with water, then drink one glass of water. Call a physician immediately. Never give anything by mouth if victim is unconscious or rapidly losing consciousness or convulsing.
<ul><li>Instructions for the immediate treatment to be given to a person for each of the possible routes of entry </li></ul><ul><li>This section should always be read as part of any first aid response. For example, you may be directed to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drink plenty of water OR just one glass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drink milk in some cases and water in others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vomit in some cases and NOT in others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not reading the above could cause you to do the exact opposite - which could be harmful </li></ul>First Aid Measures Includes: