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Introduction: some key thinkers in 20th Anthropology


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Introduction: some key thinkers in 20th Anthropology

  1. 1. cultural patterns need not be caused by anything outside themselves… underlying every culture was a deep structure, or essence, governed by its own laws, that people were unaware of but which ensured regularities in the cultural productions that emanate from it."
  2. 2. Meat and milk cannot be mixed in the sense that meat and dairy products are not served at the same meal, served or cooked in the same utensils, or stored together. Observant Jews have separate sets of dishes, and sometimes different kitchens, for meat and milk..... the purpose of kashrut was to help Jews maintain a distinct and separate existence from other peoples...the effect of the laws was to prevent socialization and intermarriage with non-Jews. It’s argued that since the impact of the food laws was a public affair, this would have enhanced Jewish attachment to them as a reminder of the distinct status of Jews.
  3. 3. All human thought is governed by bilateral oppositions, such as culture/nature, male/female, day/night, and life/death. The principle of oppositions is a universal characteristic inherent in the human brain, but each culture is based on a unique selection of oppositions
  4. 4. Myths are a way of thinking, using concrete objects, about such problems as self and other, social relations, kinship, cooking, culture and nature, and so forth. He argues that each myth demonstrates a particular thinking-through of such problems by what amounts to cultures as intellectual entities.