The US Enters The War<br />1941-1945<br />
Bell Ringer<br />What was the massive bombing campaign against London in WWII called?<br />
Pre-WWII Japan<br />
Japan Builds an Empire<br /><ul><li>Post WWI
Democracy
Economic crisis due to Great Depression
Many blamed the Democratic gov’t </li></li></ul><li>Building an Empire<br /><ul><li>Militarism
Nationalism
Assassinations
Terrorism </li></li></ul><li>Manchurian Incident<br /><ul><li>Sino-Japanese War
September 1931
Japan blew up RR tracks in Manchuria
Blamed it on Chinese
Invaded China
Why??</li></li></ul><li>Reaction<br /><ul><li>US & GB protested Manchurian Incident
Japan
Refused to leave China
Withdrew from League of Nations
Strengthened military control
1932- navy helped assassinate PM</li></li></ul><li>1937 China<br /><ul><li>Japan resumed invasion
Chinese fiercely resisted
Rape of Nanking (Nanjing)
Killed every man and child
Raped women, then killed or forced into prostitution
Became symbol of Japanese atrocities</li></li></ul><li>Rape of Nanking<br />
In the mid-1930’s the United States passed several Neutrality Acts - WHY?<br />
US Remains Neutral<br />Two days after Hitler invaded Poland, the US officially declared itself neutral, although 5/6 of t...
French Indo-China<br /><ul><li>1940 Japan attacked
July 1941 - US froze all Japanese assets in America
US embargo on all goods to Japan, especially oil and scrap metal...</li></li></ul><li>The Attack on Pearl Harbor<br />
Pearl Harbor Attack<br />“A day that will live in infamy…”<br />December 7, 1941<br />
War Inevitable<br /><ul><li>Japan needed our supplies to build its military
They had run out of natural resources in Japan and China – with whom they were at war…</li></li></ul><li>Japan Considered ...
US Naval Base in                           Hawai’i</li></li></ul><li>
It begins…<br /><ul><li> November 26, 1941 – Japanese fleet departs</li></li></ul><li>Public Domain chart from " Reports o...
Commander - Admiral Yamamoto<br />
Climb Mt. Niitakayama<br /><ul><li>6 Aircraft Carriers
Code Name for Operation - Climb Mt. Niitakayama
December 7, 1941 - 4:30am
Fushiga led the attack </li></li></ul><li>Tora! Tora! Tora!<br /><ul><li> Total surprise is achieved – why?</li></li></ul>...
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The US Enters the War

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Explores pre-WWII Japan through Pearl Harbor

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The US Enters the War

  1. 1. The US Enters The War<br />1941-1945<br />
  2. 2. Bell Ringer<br />What was the massive bombing campaign against London in WWII called?<br />
  3. 3. Pre-WWII Japan<br />
  4. 4. Japan Builds an Empire<br /><ul><li>Post WWI
  5. 5. Democracy
  6. 6. Economic crisis due to Great Depression
  7. 7. Many blamed the Democratic gov’t </li></li></ul><li>Building an Empire<br /><ul><li>Militarism
  8. 8. Nationalism
  9. 9. Assassinations
  10. 10. Terrorism </li></li></ul><li>Manchurian Incident<br /><ul><li>Sino-Japanese War
  11. 11. September 1931
  12. 12. Japan blew up RR tracks in Manchuria
  13. 13. Blamed it on Chinese
  14. 14. Invaded China
  15. 15. Why??</li></li></ul><li>Reaction<br /><ul><li>US & GB protested Manchurian Incident
  16. 16. Japan
  17. 17. Refused to leave China
  18. 18. Withdrew from League of Nations
  19. 19. Strengthened military control
  20. 20. 1932- navy helped assassinate PM</li></li></ul><li>1937 China<br /><ul><li>Japan resumed invasion
  21. 21. Chinese fiercely resisted
  22. 22. Rape of Nanking (Nanjing)
  23. 23. Killed every man and child
  24. 24. Raped women, then killed or forced into prostitution
  25. 25. Became symbol of Japanese atrocities</li></li></ul><li>Rape of Nanking<br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28. In the mid-1930’s the United States passed several Neutrality Acts - WHY?<br />
  29. 29. US Remains Neutral<br />Two days after Hitler invaded Poland, the US officially declared itself neutral, although 5/6 of the population supported war<br />
  30. 30. French Indo-China<br /><ul><li>1940 Japan attacked
  31. 31. July 1941 - US froze all Japanese assets in America
  32. 32. US embargo on all goods to Japan, especially oil and scrap metal...</li></li></ul><li>The Attack on Pearl Harbor<br />
  33. 33. Pearl Harbor Attack<br />“A day that will live in infamy…”<br />December 7, 1941<br />
  34. 34. War Inevitable<br /><ul><li>Japan needed our supplies to build its military
  35. 35. They had run out of natural resources in Japan and China – with whom they were at war…</li></li></ul><li>Japan Considered 2 US Targets…<br /><ul><li>US Naval Base in the Philippines
  36. 36. US Naval Base in Hawai’i</li></li></ul><li>
  37. 37.
  38. 38. It begins…<br /><ul><li> November 26, 1941 – Japanese fleet departs</li></li></ul><li>Public Domain chart from " Reports of General MacArthur, prepared by his General Staff.". The chart shows the routes of the Japanese attack force to and from Pearl Harbor. <br />
  39. 39. Commander - Admiral Yamamoto<br />
  40. 40. Climb Mt. Niitakayama<br /><ul><li>6 Aircraft Carriers
  41. 41. Code Name for Operation - Climb Mt. Niitakayama
  42. 42. December 7, 1941 - 4:30am
  43. 43. Fushiga led the attack </li></li></ul><li>Tora! Tora! Tora!<br /><ul><li> Total surprise is achieved – why?</li></li></ul><li>
  44. 44.
  45. 45.
  46. 46.
  47. 47.
  48. 48.
  49. 49.
  50. 50.
  51. 51.
  52. 52.
  53. 53.
  54. 54.
  55. 55. AMERICAN LOSSES<br /><ul><li>145 ships (including the Arizona)
  56. 56. 96 warships
  57. 57. 18 main ships
  58. 58. 188 airplanes
  59. 59. 2400 soldiers, sailors, civilians
  60. 60. 1100 wounded</li></li></ul><li>JAPANESE LOSSES<br /><ul><li>1 Large Submarine
  61. 61. 5 Midget Submarines
  62. 62. 29 Airplanes</li></li></ul><li>AdmiralYamamoto<br />“All I fear is that we have awakened a sleeping giant…”<br />
  63. 63. Yamamoto’s Prediction<br />War < 1 yr = victory for JapanWar > 1yr = defeat for Japan<br />
  64. 64. US Declares War<br />December 8, 1941 FDR asks Congress to declare war<br />21 minutes later, the US Senate obliged obliged (82-0 vote)<br />12 minutes after that, Congress also obliged (388-1 vote)<br />
  65. 65. US Goes to War<br />Dec. 11, 1941 - Germany declared war on the US<br />The US would now be fighting in 2 theaters of war:<br />European Theater<br />Pacific Theater<br />
  66. 66. Closure<br />What factors motivated the Japanese to attack Pearl Harbor?<br />

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