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Security council

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The United
Nations-Security
Council
Security Council
•The Security Council has primary
responsibility, under the Charter, for
the maintenance of international peace
and security.
Members of Security Council
•The Council has 15 members: five
permanent — China, France, the
Russian Federation, the United
Kingdom and the United States — and
10 members elected by the General
Assembly for two-year terms.
•Each member has one vote. Decisions
on procedural matters are made by an
affirmative vote of at least 9 of the 15
members. Decisions on substantive
matters require nine votes and the
absence of a negative vote by any of the
five permanent members.
•All five permanent members have
exercised the right of veto at one time
or another. If a permanent member
does not fully agree with a proposed
resolution but does not wish to cast its
veto, it may choose to abstain — thus
allowing the resolution to be adopted if
it obtains the required number of nine
votes in favour.
•Under Article 25 of the Charter, all
members of the United Nations agree
to accept and carry out the decisions of
the Security Council. While other
organs of the United Nations make
recommendations to member states,
the Council alone has the power to take
decisions which member states are
obligated under the Charter to
implement.

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Security council

  • 2. Security Council •The Security Council has primary responsibility, under the Charter, for the maintenance of international peace and security.
  • 3. Members of Security Council •The Council has 15 members: five permanent — China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States — and 10 members elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms.
  • 4. •Each member has one vote. Decisions on procedural matters are made by an affirmative vote of at least 9 of the 15 members. Decisions on substantive matters require nine votes and the absence of a negative vote by any of the five permanent members.
  • 5. •All five permanent members have exercised the right of veto at one time or another. If a permanent member does not fully agree with a proposed resolution but does not wish to cast its veto, it may choose to abstain — thus allowing the resolution to be adopted if it obtains the required number of nine votes in favour.
  • 6. •Under Article 25 of the Charter, all members of the United Nations agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the Security Council. While other organs of the United Nations make recommendations to member states, the Council alone has the power to take decisions which member states are obligated under the Charter to implement.
  • 7. Functions and Powers Under the Charter, the functions and powers of the Security Council include the following: •to maintain international peace and security in accordance with the principles and purposes of the United Nations; •to formulate plans for establishing a system to regulate armaments; •to call upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means;
  • 8. Functions and Powers •to investigate any dispute or situation which might lead to international friction, and •To recommend methods of adjusting such disputes or the terms of settlement; •to determine the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression and to recommend what action should be taken;
  • 9. Functions and Powers •to call upon the parties concerned to comply with such provisional measures as it deems necessary or desirable to prevent an aggravation of the situation; •to call on members of the United Nations to take measures not involving the use of armed force — such as sanctions — to give effect to the Council’s decisions;
  • 10. Functions and Powers •to resort to or authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security; •to encourage the peaceful settlement of local disputes through regional arrangements and to use such regional arrangements for enforcement action under its authority;
  • 11. Functions and Powers •to recommend to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and, together with the Assembly, to elect the Judges of the International Court of Justice; •to request the International Court of Justice to give an advisory opinion on any legal question;
  • 12. Functions and Powers •to recommend to the General Assembly the admission of new members to the United Nations.
  • 13. •The Security Council is so organized as to be able to function continuously, and a representative of each of its members must be present at all times at United Nations Headquarters. The Council may meet elsewhere: in 1972 it held a session in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; in 1973 it met in Panama City, Panama; and in 1990 it met in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 14. •When a complaint concerning a threat to peace is brought before it, the Council’s first action is usually to recommend that the parties try to reach agreement by peaceful means. The Council may set forth principles for a peaceful settlement. In some cases, the Council itself undertakes investigation and mediation. It may dispatch a mission, appoint special envoys or request the Secretary- General to use his good offices.
  • 15. •When a dispute leads to hostilities, the Council’s first concern is to bring them to an end as soon as possible. The Council may issue ceasefire directives that can be instrumental in preventing an escalation of the conflict.
  • 16. •The Council may also dispatch military observers or a peacekeeping force to help reduce tensions, keep opposing forces apart, and create conditions of calm in which peaceful settlements may be sought. Under Chapter VII of the Charter, the Council may decide on enforcement measures, including economic sanctions, arms embargoes, financial sanctions, travel bans or collective military action.
  • 17. •The sanctions instrument is an important tool available to the Security Council in seeking to promote international peace and security. Each of the sanctions regimes currently in existence features “smart” or targeted sanctions — arms embargoes, financial sanctions and travel bans — designed to eliminate or minimize unintended effects by focusing on those responsible for the policies condemned by the international community, while leaving other parts of the population and international trade
  • 18. •The Council has established two international criminal tribunals to prosecute crimes against humanity in the former Yugoslavia and in Rwanda. The tribunals are subsidiary organs of the Council. Following the terrorist attacks on the United States on 11 September 2001, the Council established its Counter-Terrorism Committee, also a subsidiary organ.
  • 19. •Since 1994, a working group of the General Assembly has been considering Security Council reform, including the issue of equitable representation and expansion of membership.