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  1. 1. UNHCRunited nations high commissioner for refugees<br />
  2. 2. When was UNHCR created?<br />The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14 <br />Its aim was to complete its work in a 3 year time period and then disband. <br />The Convention relating to the Status of Refugees was held the following year in <br />1950<br />1951<br />
  3. 3. Why was the UNHCR created?<br />In the late 1940s a UN body was required to oversee global refugee issues. After WWII there was a refugee crisis, with millions of people displaced in Europe<br />But!!!<br />In the late 1950s, uprisings and conflict led to UNHCR involvement outside of Europe.<br />As colonies in Africa gained independence in the 1960s, large numbers of refugees fled unstable and cruel governments. Unlike in Europe, these countries usually fled into equally unstable countries.<br />
  4. 4. The purpose of the UNHCR<br />To protect the rights and well-being of refugees. <br />Ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum<br />Be non-political and humanitarian<br />Strive to find permanent solutions for refugees such as to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country.<br />
  5. 5. What does the UNHCR do?<br />Ensures the basic human rights of people in their countries of asylum <br />Ensures refugees will not be returned involuntarily to a country where they could face persecution<br />Promotes or provide legal and physical protection, and minimize the threat of violence<br />Aims to provide at least a minimum of shelter, food, water and medical care<br />Helps with refugee registration, assistance and advice on asylum applications, education and counselling.<br />Support returnees with transport home and assistance packages<br />Works with governments to find practical and humanitarian responses <br />In countries that haven’t signed the Refugee Convention, UNHCR is generally responsible for protecting refugees.<br />Complete fill in the blanks sheet now<br />
  6. 6. 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees<br />It defines a refugee, outlines the rights of refugees <br />(e.g. freedom of religion and movement, the right to <br />work, education and accessibility to travel documents), explains what governments should do to protect refugees and a refugee's obligations to a host government. <br />A key provision states that refugees should not be returned, or refouled, to a country where he or she fears persecution. <br />It also spells out people or groups of people who are not covered by the Convention. <br />A total of 147 states have acceded to one or both of the 1951 Convention and 1967 Protocol.<br />
  7. 7. 1967 Protocol<br /><ul><li>1967 Protocol removed geographical and time limitations.
  8. 8. Prior, only Europeans involved in events before 1 January 1951, could apply for refugee status. </li></ul>As a result it turned the Convention into a truly universal instrument that could benefit refugees everywhere.<br /><br />
  9. 9. Signatories of 1951 Convention and 1967 Protocol<br />
  10. 10. Long term UNHCR solutions<br />There are three solutions open to refugees where UNHCR can help and are known as DURABLE SOLUTIONS<br />Local Integration<br />Voluntary repatriation<br />Resettlement to a third country<br />
  11. 11. Responses to Refugees <br />4 general responses<br />Refugees should NOT be returned to countries where they might face persecution – non-refoulment<br />Strict, fair and swift evaluation of refugee status<br />Strong and steady financial commitment from the international community (esp. wealthy countries) to alleviate the monetary burden of regions absorbing large flows of refugees<br />Development of proactive policy measures to stop regional (or potentially global) crisis situations from emerging<br />