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Energy System Transitions in the context of sustainable development: Findings from AR6, and towards AR7

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Energy System Transitions
in the context of
sustainable development:
Findings from AR6, and
towards AR7
I P C C . C H
Minal Pathak
Associate Professor, Global Centre for
Environment and Energy
Ahmedabad University, INDIA
December 5, 2023
SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT
Working Group III – Mitigation of Climate Change
There are options available now in
every sector that can at least halve
emissions by 2030
Energy Land use Transport
Urban Buildings
Industry
Demand and services
System transitions involve reducing demand,
widespread electrification and improved energy
efficiency
[Pelargoniums for Europe/Unsplash, City of St Pete CC BY-ND
2.0, Victor/Unsplash, EThekwini Municipality, Arne
Müseler/arne-mueseler.com, CC BY-SA 3.0 de]
[United Airlines, Jeremy Segrott
CC BY 2.0, Andreas160578/Pixabay]
Cities and settlements
Spatial planning including urban form, mixed land use
and infrastructure has significant influence on energy
demand and emissions
Compact cities with shortened distances between
housing and jobs reduce sprawl
Each city can chart its own course- strategies for
established cities, rapidly growing cities, and new and
emerging cities
Fig 8.15 WGIII AR6
Demand and services
• Socio cultural changes within transition
pathways can offer Gigaton-scale CO2 saving
potential globally
• Lowering demand can reduce the need for
supply side additions and carbon capture and
removal
• Achieving demand reduction requires
technological, behavioural, and institutional
innovations and business models- what are
these?
Characteristics of low demand
scenarios
• End-use transformations (electrification, efficiency) drive
upstream emissions reductions
• Technology adoption, infrastructure and behaviour change
• Universal well-being- decent living standards for all
• Low resource use (energy, material, water…)
• Key concept: “services” (mobility, thermal comfort, etc)
• New trends in social and technological change

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Energy System Transitions in the context of sustainable development: Findings from AR6, and towards AR7

  • 1. Energy System Transitions in the context of sustainable development: Findings from AR6, and towards AR7 I P C C . C H Minal Pathak Associate Professor, Global Centre for Environment and Energy Ahmedabad University, INDIA December 5, 2023
  • 2. SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT Working Group III – Mitigation of Climate Change There are options available now in every sector that can at least halve emissions by 2030 Energy Land use Transport Urban Buildings Industry Demand and services
  • 3. System transitions involve reducing demand, widespread electrification and improved energy efficiency [Pelargoniums for Europe/Unsplash, City of St Pete CC BY-ND 2.0, Victor/Unsplash, EThekwini Municipality, Arne Müseler/arne-mueseler.com, CC BY-SA 3.0 de] [United Airlines, Jeremy Segrott CC BY 2.0, Andreas160578/Pixabay]
  • 4. Cities and settlements Spatial planning including urban form, mixed land use and infrastructure has significant influence on energy demand and emissions Compact cities with shortened distances between housing and jobs reduce sprawl Each city can chart its own course- strategies for established cities, rapidly growing cities, and new and emerging cities Fig 8.15 WGIII AR6
  • 5. Demand and services • Socio cultural changes within transition pathways can offer Gigaton-scale CO2 saving potential globally • Lowering demand can reduce the need for supply side additions and carbon capture and removal • Achieving demand reduction requires technological, behavioural, and institutional innovations and business models- what are these?
  • 6. Characteristics of low demand scenarios • End-use transformations (electrification, efficiency) drive upstream emissions reductions • Technology adoption, infrastructure and behaviour change • Universal well-being- decent living standards for all • Low resource use (energy, material, water…) • Key concept: “services” (mobility, thermal comfort, etc) • New trends in social and technological change
  • 7. Implications on sustainable development/SDGs • Several mitigation options such as energy efficiency, renewable energy, urban planning and demand-side mitigation have potential synergies with SDGs • Synergies and trade-offs depend on scale and context
  • 8. Considerations for AR7 • Deeper dive on systems transitions – e.g. urban scenarios/typologies and their implications on energy and material demand • Costs and potentials • Systematic assessment of shared economy, circular economy, digitalisation • Representation of demand in scenarios and models; mitigation potential • Dynamic interaction between individual, social, and structural drivers of change- ‘how’ to enable lifestyle changes • Multiple lines of evidence • Sustainable development implications
  • 9. @IPCC_CH #IPCReport For more information: IPCC Secretariat: ipcc-sec@wmo.int IPCC Press Office: ipcc-media@wmo.int Visit ipcc.ch @IPCC @IPCC linkedin.com/ company/ipcc Thank you. Minal Pathak minal.pathak@ahduni.edu.in