THE ECONOMY OF BIODIVERSITY: Challenges from the Sustainable Development Perspective• Biodiversity relatively poorly understood concept;• Many companies do not understand their impact (or dependence) upon biodiversity;• Biodiversity varied and hard to quantify;• Valuation exercises often rely on esthetic issues, lower meaning for a company;• Greenwashing;• Inconsistencies among some of the guidance and standards;• Difficult to take consistent action on a company-wide basis;• Many of the impacts due to supply chains;• Information management is also a huge problem (too much);• Public policy can work against biodiversity-friendly actions;• Market forces can also work against greener companies
THE ECONOMY OF BIODIVERSITY: Rio+20 Proposals that Could Help Address These Challenges• Important issues include: o financing through public-private partnerships; o ensuring that the private sector undertakes measures to implement the “Green Economy”; o technology development and sharing; o need for readily available information and consultation between all stakeholders• Some specific issues that can help to address these issues include: o Encouragement of sustainable public procurement; o Elimination of “perverse subsidies” and promotion of ecofriendly incentives (ie: through taxes and other regulatory means); o Enforcement of existing environmental regulations; o Taking “externalities” into account in corporate assessments of activities; o Sharing of information and best practices within and between parties; o Ensuring robust standards and certification mechanisms exist but which are not prohibitively expensive; o Globally, creating a “level-playing field” where businesses are not penalized (by the market) for pursuing eco-friendly policies• A risk is countries running afoul of the WTO in the effort to nurture domestic green industries, or eco-friendly processes becoming a “stalking-horse” for protectionism
THE ECONOMY OF BIODIVERSITY: Potential Impacts to the Economy and Business• If measures successfully implemented, it should begin to see greater overall sustainability practices by the business sector;• Larger companies will likely be the first to be affected, but will ripple down supply chains to smaller companies;• Comprehensive acceptance means finding balance between development and sustainability;• Without this balance, it will be hard to get industry on board;• Fair and transparent measures for implementation will be required;• Ultimate goal is to create a sustainable “level-playing field” through mix of positive and negative incentives.
THE CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY • The CBD is one of the so-called “Rio” Conventions • Biodiversity (CBD) • Climate Change (UNFCCC) • Desertification (UNCCD) • Opened for signature on June 5, 1992 • Came into force on December 23, 1993 • Currently 193 parties to the Convention • CBD Secretariat based in Montreal and currently has a staff of 100+
2010 CBD CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES (COP 10) • Parties to the Convention agreed to a Strategic Plan for 2011-2020 • The Decade of Biodiversity • Plan includes 20 biodiversity targets • The Aichi Targets • The Aichi Targets are to be incorporated into National Biodiversity Strategic Action Plans (NBSAPs)
AICHI TARGETS AND NBSAP• 20 specific targets arranged by 5 strategic goals: • Strategic Goal A: Address underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society • Strategic Goal B: Reduce direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use • Strategic Goal C: To improve status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity • Strategic Goal D: Enhance benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services • Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building
ACCESS AND BENEFITS SHARING• The Nagoya Protocol provides a transparent legal framework for the effective implementation of one of the three objectives of the CBD • The fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources Access to genetic resources IN EXCHANGE FOR: Fair and equitable share of the benefits derived from their utilization
COP 10 BUSINESS DECISIONThe Parties called upon the SCBD Executive Secretary to:• Encourage the establishment of national and regional business and biodiversity initiatives• Compile and disseminate information on best available practices for mainstreaming ecosystem services• Encourage the development and application of tools and mechanisms that can further facilitate the engagement of business in integrating biodiversity conservation into their practices• Monitor implementation of private sector progress in mainstreaming ecosystem services and assess the effectiveness of tools and mechanisms in use for this purpose• Encourage businesses that support the Convention’s objectives in communicating their biodiversity-relevant activities to their consumers, customers, and other stakeholders.
BUSINESS ENGAGEMENT: STRATEGY (I)• International Policy/Legislative Issues: • Helping to set the international agenda in terms of regulatory issues, such as: • the elimination of perverse incentives; • the restructuring of tax codes and incentive structures to favour more ecofriendly industries; • the enacting of legislation to protect certain key areas or provide for sustainable use; • setting of standards• Encouragement of Market Pull: • Sustainable public procurement • Can be required through legislation • Corporate requirements of suppliers • Awareness raising campaign (ie: the business case for sustainability) combined with pressure from consumers will help to create the necessary conditions for business to make these demands
BUSINESS ENGAGEMENT: STRATEGY (II)• Facilitation of Information Flow: • Encourage companies to share best-practices; • Case studies and various tools and mechanisms available to help companies; • Problem is not a dearth of information (although there are gaps) but too much information that companies can have trouble navigating; • Streamlining the information and ensuring that companies know where to go can help to alleviate this problem and allow for greater uptake• Provision of Information and Services to Companies: • Many companies lack knowledge, time and resources to take advantage of the information and tools available • Civil society organizations, consultants and/or local authorities may be able to help through direct training, resource augmentation or other services • Want to create a level-playing field, but not something that is beyond the means of small business.
BUSINESS ENGAGEMENT: IMPLEMENTATION GLOBAL PLATFORM FOR BUSINESS AND BIODIVERSITY WEBSITE• Platform for businesses to get information to assist in mainstreaming biodiversity and raise awareness. • Case studies, tools/mechanisms, research, lists of events, etc• Platform where businesses can ask questions and exchange ideas• Capacity to host webinars and “ask the expert” events• Phase 1 launched in early June 2011 (www.cbd.int/business)• Phase 2 launched in December 2011
BUSINESS ENGAGEMENT: IMPLEMENTATION ENHANCED OUTREACH TO BUSINESS• The Secretariat is contacting key business partners in a wide variety of sectors to encourage them to adopt provisions of the Convention and share their experiences• Through the website, newsletters, workshops and other events, the Secretariat hopes to reach other businesses (especially SMEs) further down the supply chain• Will engage leading companies globally to assist in this endeavor• Related to this, the Secretariat is also looking at the issue of Green Public Procurement as a way of encouraging further demand for eco-friendly products
BUSINESS ENGAGEMENT: IMPLEMENTATION NATIONAL WORKSHOPS • Targeting key economies and major business centres • Primary target audience is business community • Structure will include: • Presentations (CBD, Government, Business, NGOs, etc) • Panel discussions • Sector based break-out sessions • Networking • Site visits
BUSINESS ENGAGEMENT: IMPLEMENTATION BUSINESS AND BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVES• Encourages business and government engagement on biodiversity• Composed of companies, government officials, academia, civil society (as well as sub-national entities)• Provides tools and advice to businesses• SCBD aiming to stimulate creation of councils globally • Creation of network to share ideas and best practices, announce events, etc• Current initiatives in Canada, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands and EU • Others under development
BUSINESS ENGAGEMENT: IMPLEMENTATION GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR BUSINESS AND BIODIVERSITY• Stemming from decision X/21/1d and X/21/3a• The Global Partnership links together the national and regional initiatives with CBD Secretariat as the Global Focal point• Partnership will encourage synergies and sharing of best practices amongst the national and regional initiatives• Various working groups and virtual meetings of the Partnership• First Meeting of the Partnership in Tokyo (December 2011)• Second Meeting scheduled during COP 11 in Hyderabad, India (October 2012)
BUSINESS ENGAGEMENT: IMPLEMENTATION GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR BUSINESS AND BIODIVERSITY• Targeting o Necessary to ensure that we reach a range of companies across all sectors; o Large “champions” can help set the example; o Important to target SMEs and Supply Chains• Leveraging o As Partnership develops, limited number of players and resources; o Important to ensure that ideas and best practices shared across Partnership; o Encourage engagement in common projects• Synergizing o While each country has its own needs, consistent messaging globally is important; o Common approaches can allow for greater impact and credibility; o Particularly important for multinationals, who will want to ensure supply chain in different countries all on the same page; o Work closely with established global NGOs and IGOs to ensure maximum penetration to companies at regional and national levels
BUSINESS ENGAGEMENT: IMPLEMENTATION SYNERGIES WITH OTHER CONVENTIONS• Biodiversity issues can sometimes be perceived as “competing” with other environmental concerns• The Business Unit of the SCBD is working with a variety of partners including the other Rio Conventions• Rio Conventions Pavilion features business day (Rio+20—June 18) • Pavilion is now present at all COP meetings• Positive actions in one area can have positive effects in others
TOWARDS COP 11• The next COP will take place in Hyderabad in October 2012• The Secretariat is in the process of planning a number of business events around COP including: • High level meetings between business leaders and government officials • A green business exhibition • Meeting of the National Business and Biodiversity Councils• COPs are very important in the life of the Convention, and businesses from around the world are strongly encouraged to participate• As our planning continues, we will post updates on the Global Platform Website
COP 11 SUSTAINABILITY SOLUTIONS MARKETPLACE DATE: October 15-26, 2012• Marketplace will bring progressive companies together;• It will be open to all businesses and related interests that have innovative green (biodiversity-friendly) solutions;• Companies from across India and around the world are expected to participate;• Participation includes: Exhibition space (whole or part of booth space 3m X 3m) Featured in promotional materials for the exhibition Opportunity to make presentations to highlight your companys innovative solutions Automatic entry into the COP 11 business and biodiversity awards competitionBUSINESS AND BIODIVERSITY AWARDS• To highlight particularly innovative solutions and best practices and encourage wider private sector participation in COP 11• All private sector participants will be automatically entered into the competition Award Types Overall CBD Biodiversity Sustainability Solution Award: Participant’s Choice Sustainability Award COP President’s Award
THANK YOUSecretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity 413 Saint Jacques Street, Suite 800 Montreal, QC, H2Y 1N9, Canada Tel: +1 514 288 2220 Fax: + 1 514 288 6588 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.cbd.int/business