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Hawaii Indigenous Names Project

Data Discovery Day 03/06/2008 Renee Louis University of Hawaii

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Hawaiian Place Names
   Pilot Project
 HIGICC Data Discovery Day
  Thursday, March 6, 2008
      McCoy Pavillion
        Lunch time
Outline
1. Background
  a.   USGS Role in Geographic Names - USBGN
  b.   GNIS
  c.   Hawaiÿi B d on G
       H    iÿi Board  Geographic N
                               hi Names
  d.   Hawaiian Place Name GNIS Diacritical Corrections
2.
2 Introduce Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project
  a.   Inspired by Coeur d`Alene’s Native Names Project
  b.   Scope
  c.   Deliverables
  d.   Possible BONUS Features
  e.   Phases
Video clip from Kona Hema by Na Maka O Ka ÿAina
U.S. Board on Geographic Names
             (USBGN)
Administrative History   Originally created in 1890 by
                            g     y                  y
                         Executive Order of President
Reasons for creation     Benjamin Harrison.
Purpose                  Established by Congress in
                         Public Law 80-242 on 25 Jul
                         1947 in the Department of
                         Interior as an interagency
                         board.
U.S. Board on Geographic Names
             (USBGN)
Administrative History
Reasons for creation
Purpose

Address inconsistencies and contradictions of domestic
geographic feature names during the surge of exploration.
Many names spellings and applications became a serious
      names, spellings,
problem to surveyors, map makers, and scientists who
required uniform, non-conflicting geographic nomenclature.
U.S. Board on Geographic Names
              (USBGN)
Administrative History
Reasons for creation
Purpose        Standardize and maintain geographic
                  name usage throughout the Federal
                  Government by making decisions on name
                  conflicts and on proposals for new names,
                  in cooperation with State, local, and
                  foreign
                  f i governments.   t
                  Decisions of the Board were accepted as
                  binding by all departments and
                  agencies of the Federal Government.

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Hawaii Indigenous Names Project

  • 1. Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project HIGICC Data Discovery Day Thursday, March 6, 2008 McCoy Pavillion Lunch time
  • 2. Outline 1. Background a. USGS Role in Geographic Names - USBGN b. GNIS c. Hawaiÿi B d on G H iÿi Board Geographic N hi Names d. Hawaiian Place Name GNIS Diacritical Corrections 2. 2 Introduce Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project a. Inspired by Coeur d`Alene’s Native Names Project b. Scope c. Deliverables d. Possible BONUS Features e. Phases
  • 3. Video clip from Kona Hema by Na Maka O Ka ÿAina
  • 4. U.S. Board on Geographic Names (USBGN) Administrative History Originally created in 1890 by g y y Executive Order of President Reasons for creation Benjamin Harrison. Purpose Established by Congress in Public Law 80-242 on 25 Jul 1947 in the Department of Interior as an interagency board.
  • 5. U.S. Board on Geographic Names (USBGN) Administrative History Reasons for creation Purpose Address inconsistencies and contradictions of domestic geographic feature names during the surge of exploration. Many names spellings and applications became a serious names, spellings, problem to surveyors, map makers, and scientists who required uniform, non-conflicting geographic nomenclature.
  • 6. U.S. Board on Geographic Names (USBGN) Administrative History Reasons for creation Purpose Standardize and maintain geographic name usage throughout the Federal Government by making decisions on name conflicts and on proposals for new names, in cooperation with State, local, and foreign f i governments. t Decisions of the Board were accepted as binding by all departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
  • 7. U.S. Board on Geographic Names (USBGN) Committees • Domestic Names Committee (DNC) • Foreign Names Committee (FNC) • Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (ACAN) • Advisory Committee on Undersea Features ( y (ACUF) ) International Networking • United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN) • G Geographical N hi l Names B d of Canada (GNBC) Board f C d • International Congress on Onomastic Sciences (ICOS)
  • 8. Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Origin Developed by USGS for the U.S. p y Board on Geographic Names as What is it? a. official repository of domestic What does this geographic names data mean for Hawaiÿi? b. official vehicle for using geographic names in ALL departments of the Federal Government c. S Source ( th it ) f applying (authority) for l i geographic names to Federal electronic and printed products
  • 9. Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Origin What is it? What does this mean for Hawaiÿi? It is a database that contains information about physical and cultural geographic features of all types in the United States, lt l hi f t f ll t i th U it d St t associated areas, and Antarctica, current and historical, but not including roads and highways. Originally composed of 5 separate databases 1) The National Geographic Names Database (aka GNIS) 2) The USGS Topographic Map Names Database 3) Generic Database – F t G i D t b Feature types (63) t 4) National Atlas Database – Gazateer 5) USBGN Database – GNIS associated information
  • 10. Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Origin Phase 1 What is it? • Initial Database compilation using What does this USGS topographic maps except the mean for Hawaiÿi? 1:24000. • Completed in 1980. Phase 2 Ph • Data added from other Gov’t sources – Honolulu C&C. • Completed in 1990’s by U_Illinois. Phase 3 *Staff Process Corrections Staff
  • 11. Hawaiÿi Board on Geographic Names (HBGN) Origin Created by Act 50 ( y (Chapter 4E, Hawaii Revised Statutes) p , of the 1974 Hawaii State Legislature. ) Purpose Membership Responsibilities p
  • 12. Hawaiÿi Board on Geographic Names (HBGN) Origin Purpose To assure uniformity in the use and spelling of the names of geographic features within the State. Membership Responsibilities p
  • 13. Hawaiÿi Board on Geographic Names (HBGN) Origin Purpose 1. Chairperson of the Board of Land and Natural Resources p Membership Holly McEldowney, representative 2. Chairperson of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs Responsibilities p 3 Ch i Haunani Apoliona 3. Chairperson of th H f the Hawaiian Homes Commission ii H C i i William K. Mills, representative 4. Director of the Office of Planning Craig Tasaka, representative 5. President of the University of Hawai‘i Naomi Losch, representative 6. State Land Surveyor Gerald G G ld Goo, representative t ti 7. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Betty Kam, representative
  • 14. Hawaiÿi Board on Geographic Names (HBGN) Origin Purpose Membership Responsibilities p • New Names Submission Process • GNIS corrections
  • 15. Hawaiian Place Name GNIS Diacritical Corrections Origin In 1999 the U.S. Geological US Why is it important? Survey provided the HBGN and opportunity to add diacritical marks to those place names currently on the 1:24,000 topographic q p g p quadrangle maps. g p
  • 16. Hawaiian Place Name GNIS Diacritical Corrections Origin Why is it important? • Diacritical marks are crucial to pronunciation and meaning of Hawaiian place names. • S lli the names correctly validates a Hawaiian cultural Spelling h l lid ii l l landscape repleat with cultural meaning • Since GNIS is the place names “authority”, it ensures this cultural p y , meaning will eventually be included on all maps published by the Federal government will reflect the Hawaiian meaning the.
  • 17. Hawaiian Place N Name GNIS Diacritical Corrections C ti Process • Highlight • Transcribe • Order • Checking Place Names of Hawaiÿi • HBGN Review • GNIS Input
  • 18. Hawaiian Place Name GNIS Diacritical Corrections Decision Lists To Date • 1999 – 7 meetings, 28 quads reviewed q (Hawai‘i Island) • 2000 – 7 meetings, 21 quads reviewed (15 O‘ahu, 2 Lā ‘i O‘ h Lāna‘i, 2 Ni‘ihau, 1 Kaho‘olawe, 1 Hawai‘i Island) • 2001 – 6 meetings, 25 quads reviewed (19 Hawai‘i Island, 6 Maui) HAWAII ISLAND TOTALS 51 638 29 2,799 • 2002 – 6 meetings, KAUAI TOTALS 5 73 12 558 KAHOOLAWE TOTALS 1 0 0 79 7 quads reviewed 2 28 6 223 LANAI TOTALS (5 Kaua‘i, 2 Moloka‘i) MAUI TOTALS 6 77 16 675 • 2004 – 3 meetings meetings, MOLOKAI TOTALS 2 68 10 687 NIIHAU TOTALS 2 10 10 91 6 quads reviewed 15 85 16 1,746 OAHU TOTALS (Hawai‘i Island) OVERALL TOTALS (124) 72 979 99 6,858
  • 19. Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project • Coeur d`Alene Native Names N ti N Project • Scope op • Deliverables • Possible BONUS Features • Phases
  • 20. Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project
  • 21. Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project
  • 22. Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project
  • 23. Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project
  • 24. Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project
  • 25. Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project
  • 26. Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project Coeur d`Alene Native Names N ti N Project Scope op Deliverables Possible BONUS Features Phases • Associated genealogies • Associated songs • Associated gods/guardians/guides • Associated chants • Video animation • Associated hula
  • 27. Hawaiian Place Names Pilot Project • Background 1. Assessment • Scope 2. Methodological Development • Deliverables and Field Work • Possible 3. Incorporating St i d Pl 3 I ti Storied Place BONUS Names Features 4. Follow Throughg • Phases Pilot project site – Volcano National Park Voices of the HBGN website audio clip for phonetic pronunciation - Naomi Losch - Nathan Napoka