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NOAA Pacific
      Services Center

       Data, Tools, Training,
      and Technical Assistance


Jamie Carter and Christine Feinholz




                    September 25, 2008
²          Road Map

    •   Introduction

    •   Data

    •   Geospatial Training

    •   Technical Assistance

    •   Decision Support Tools
NOAA Pacific Services Center

• Link people, information,
  technology
• Serve the nation’s state
  and local coastal
  resource managers
• Regional presence
• Priority areas:
                                     www.csc.noaa.gov
   –   Hazards resilience
   –   Sustainable planning
   –   Environmental literacy
   –   Climate change adaptability
The Pacific Services Center:
 Serving the Pacific Islands
Data - What’s New and Where Is It?

             •   Land Cover
             •   Imagery
             •   Lidar
             •   IfSAR
             •   Benthic Habitat
             •   NOAA Composite Shorelines
             •   U.S. Marine Boundaries
             •   Decision Support Tools

             •   Georegulations
High Resolution
    Land Cover
• Derived from 2.4 meter
  Quickbird multispectral
  imagery (2005)
• Detailed and up-to-date
• Island of Oahu available
• Islands of Maui, Molokai,
  Lanai, and Kahoolawe in
  progress
   – Will be released as completed
   – Anticipated to be complete by
     December 2008
High Resolution
    Impervious
• Derived from 2.4 meter
  Quickbird multispectral
  imagery (2005)
• Provides detailed
  information on location
  and extent of man-made
  impervious surfaces
• Developed in partnership
  with State of Hawaii Office
  of Planning
Moderate Resolution
   Land Cover
•   The Hawaiian islands will be part of
    the 2001 national effort
     – NOAA and USGS cooperative effort


•   We are making use of existing land
    cover information for the islands
     – C-CAP and HI GAP (2001)


•   We are not remapping the islands

•   This is not an updated land cover

•   This effort could be expanded to
    the rest of the Pacific Islands
Hawai`i Land Cover



                          Complete    Maui County
                                      December 2008



                            2005 In
1992            2001
                           Progress




 Land Cover
…and Hawai`i Impervious Surfaces




                                      2005
     2001




 Impervious Surfaces
 Impervious Surfaces – 75% Coverage
…and American Samoa and Guam



                                               Guam
Tutuila


                Ofu Olosega
                              Ta`u




                                     Impervious Surfaces - Available Now
Impervious Surfaces – March 2009
                                     Land Cover – June 2009
Imagery




2005 Quickbird
2004-5 IKONOS
Elevation
IfSAR                    and                    Lidar




   • Digital terrain model
                               • Digital terrain model
   • Digital surface model
                               • Digital surface model
   • Orthorectified image
Benthic Habitat
Legend
   Sand
   Mud
   Seagrass/90%-100%
   Seagrass/50%-90%
   Seagrass/10%-50%
   Macroalgae/90%-100%
   Macroalgae/50%-90%
   Macroalgae/10%-50%
   Encrusting Coraline Algae/90%-100%
   Encrusting Coraline Algae/50%-90%
   Encrusting Coraline Algae/10%-50%
   Linear Reef
   Spur and Groove
   Individual Patch Reef
   Aggregated Patch Reef
   Aggregated Coral Head
   Scattered Coral/Rock in Unconsolidated Sediments
   Colonized Pavement
   Colonized Volcanic Rock/Boulder
   Colonized Pavement with Sand Channels
   Uncolonized Pavement
   Reef Rubble
   Uncolonized Volcanic Rock/Boulders
   Uncolonized Pavement with Sand Channels
   Land
   Emergent Vegetation
   Artificial/ Hardened Substrate
   Artificial
   Artificial/ Fishpond
   Unknown
Digital Coast
Digital Coast
Digital Coast
Digital Coast
Digital Coast
Digital Coast
Digital Coast
Digital Coast
Digital Coast
Digital Coast
Digital Coast
Legislative Atlas
Legislative Atlas
Legislative Atlas
Training



                          • GeoSpatial Technology

                          • Coastal Management Training

                          • Building Process Skills
Training course in Guam
Training
                GeoSpatial Technology

                •   Coastal Applications Using ArcGIS
                •   GIS For Managers
                •   Assessing GIS for Your Organization
                •   Introduction to ArcGIS I
                •   Remote Sensing
                •   GIS Tools for Strategic Conservation Planning
                •   Conservation Data Documentation
Homer, Alaska
                •   Coastal Inundation Mapping
Training
         GeoSpatial Technology

GIS For Managers

• Four-hour course
• ArcView 9.2
• Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands-on
    problem solving
•   Participants will learn how to define a GIS
    describe the key capabilities of a GIS, become
    familiar with GIS terms and concepts, and
    recognize the limitations of a GIS.
Training
         GeoSpatial Technology

Remote Sensing for Spatial Analysts

• Two-day course
• ArcView 9.2
• Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands-
    on problem solving
•   Participants will learn how to use remote
    sensing to investigate issues such as land
    cover and use, shoreline erosion, and
    fisheries and benthic habitat assessment.
Training
         GeoSpatial Technology

Coastal Inundation Mapping

• Two-day course
• ArcView 9.2
• Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands-
    on problem solving
•   Participants will learn how to understand
    inundation terminology and datum issues,
    access topographic data, create a digital
    elevation model, and conduct a risk and
    vulnerability assessment.
Training
                     How to Get Training
   Partnerships:

   •   Partner with other local agencies in order to maximize training
       benefits and minimize costs

   Assess Costs:
   • Hosts are responsible for providing venue and equipment (for
     attendees).

   Coordination:
   •   A local lead contact needs to be established between partners

http://www.csc.noaa.gov/cms/cls/remote_training_requirements.pdf
Geospatial Technical Assistance
            What we can help you with?

•   Finding the right GIS tools and data
•   Assessing appropriateness of tools or data to a specific question
•   Using GIS tools and data

            What we can’t help you with…
•   We can’t do the work for you
•   We can help you to ask the right questions – but we can’t tell you
    what the answers to those questions should, or shouldn’t be
The Magic Planet

                                         • Weather / Climate Datasets

                                         • Marine Mammal / Sea Bird Migrations

                                         • Oceans Health / Human Health Datasets

                                         • Marine Geology and Biology




To coordinate Magic Planet for your event,
or for more information, contact:


Nadia.Sbeih@noaa.gov
          (808) 532-3204
Data Visualization and Integration
        Science on a Sphere
                                • Hawaii has two SOS installations

                                • Used in museum exhibits

                                • Reaches students and community

                                • Educates on a variety of topics

                                • Grabs audience attention
Humpback Whale Migration
With Sea Surface Temperature


                        Nadia.Sbeih@noaa.gov
                               (808) 532-3204
Modeling and Analysis Tools

•   Developed through partnerships with end users
    – Meet the needs of coastal resource managers


•   Provide decision makers with more information
    – Explore a wider range of management alternatives
    – Develop better understanding of ecosystem processes and
      possible responses to management actions


•   Enhance the usability of remotely sensed data products
    – Add value to existing data products
    – Save time by automating processes
Featured Tools

1. Impervious Surface Analysis Tool (ISAT)
   •   Calculates the percentage of impervious surface cover for a given
       geographic area


2. Nonpoint-Source Pollution and Erosion Comparison Tool
   (N-SPECT)
   •   Examines land cover to calculate runoff, nonpoint source pollution,
       and erosion


3. Habitat Priority Planner (HPP)
   •   Identifies priority locations for conservation and restoration
       planning, and performs query visualizations
Common Characteristics

Cost of the tool        • Free
Software requirements   • ArcGIS 9.2 (SP 4)
                        • Spatial Analyst extension
Data requirements       • Raster land cover
                        • Site-specific ancillary
                          information (free and
                          downloadable)
GIS skill level         • Intermediate
Support                 • Documentation
                        • Online help files
                        • Training
ISAT Fundamentals

•   Impervious surfaces impact water quality and quantity
•   ISAT estimates the percentage of a given area covered by
    impervious surfaces
•   Impervious surface areas can be recalculated for different
    land cover and land use scenarios
ISAT Data Needs

•   Land cover           •   Impervious surface
•   Analysis units           coefficients
•   Population density
    (optional)
ISAT Outputs

•   New shapefile based on analysis units
•   Attributes updated with total area, impervious surface area,
    and percent impervious surface
N-SPECT Fundamentals

•   Nonpoint source pollutants impact water quality
•   N-SPECT estimates storm runoff, eroded sediment, and
    pollutant loads, and tracks these loads as they accumulate
    downstream.
•   Allows comparisons of different land cover and land use
    scenarios
N-SPECT Data Needs

•   Land cover
•   Topography
•   Soils
•   Precipitation
•   Rainfall erosivity
•   Pollutant coefficients
•   Water quality standards
N-SPECT Outputs

•   Watershed delineations   •   Pollutant loads
•   Runoff volume            •   Pollutant concentrations
•   Sediment loads
HPP Fundamentals

•   HPP is a geospatial planning tool that can be used to:
    –   Inventory habitat conditions
    –   Identify, rank, and prioritize restoration and/or conservation sites
    –   Provide spatial planning support to natural resource managers
    –   Analyze proposed changes in land use or land cover
    –   Create maps, reports, and queries
HPP Data Needs and Workflow

Data Needs                     Workflow
•   Raster land cover          •   Step 1: Classify Habitats
•   Project specific points,   •   Step 2: Habitat Analysis
    lines, or polygons         •   Step 3: Explore Data
Step 1 – Classify Habitats




UNIQUE                     GROUPED




             SIMPLE
Land Use Scenario




BEFORE



                    AFTER
Step 2 – Habitat Analysis
                       Core Metrics

Quality                            Connectivity
•   Size                           •   Proximity
•   Perimeter-area ratio           •   Nearest neighbor
•   Core area




     CORE AREA             PROXIMITY             NEAREST NEIGHBOR
Step 2 – Habitat Analysis
                     Custom Metrics

•   Count
•   Distance to
•   Presence/absence
•   Polygon overlay
•   Linear distance within
Step 3 – Explore Data

Participatory GIS
•   Interactive planning
•   Group decisions
•   Quick analysis
•   Develop site specific
    applications
HPP Outputs
Classified Habitats

                            Reports




Prioritized Sites
Land Cover Atlas




• Online land cover summary and analysis website

• Summarizes land cover for user defined areas

• Will not require GIS software

• Publicly available
Tool Considerations

•   Broadly applicable screening tools
•   Provide decision support, not decisions
•   Require human interaction, stakeholder input
•   Data are limiting factors, and don’t come with tool
•   Analysis time dependent on extent, resolution, and process
    complexity
For More Information:

    Digital Coast            www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast


       Legislative
                             www.csc.noaa.gov/legislativeatlas
             Atlas

          Training           www.csc.noaa.gov/training



Jamie.Carter@noaa.gov                Christine.Feinholz@noaa.gov
    (808) 525-5387                                  (808) 532-3769

                     NOAA Pacific Services Center
                       737 Bishop St., Suite 2550
                        Honolulu, Hawaii 96813
                        www.csc.noaa.gov/psc/

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Data, Tools, Training, and Technical Assistance

  • 1. NOAA Pacific Services Center Data, Tools, Training, and Technical Assistance Jamie Carter and Christine Feinholz September 25, 2008
  • 2. ² Road Map • Introduction • Data • Geospatial Training • Technical Assistance • Decision Support Tools
  • 3. NOAA Pacific Services Center • Link people, information, technology • Serve the nation’s state and local coastal resource managers • Regional presence • Priority areas: www.csc.noaa.gov – Hazards resilience – Sustainable planning – Environmental literacy – Climate change adaptability
  • 4. The Pacific Services Center: Serving the Pacific Islands
  • 5. Data - What’s New and Where Is It? • Land Cover • Imagery • Lidar • IfSAR • Benthic Habitat • NOAA Composite Shorelines • U.S. Marine Boundaries • Decision Support Tools • Georegulations
  • 6. High Resolution Land Cover • Derived from 2.4 meter Quickbird multispectral imagery (2005) • Detailed and up-to-date • Island of Oahu available • Islands of Maui, Molokai, Lanai, and Kahoolawe in progress – Will be released as completed – Anticipated to be complete by December 2008
  • 7. High Resolution Impervious • Derived from 2.4 meter Quickbird multispectral imagery (2005) • Provides detailed information on location and extent of man-made impervious surfaces • Developed in partnership with State of Hawaii Office of Planning
  • 8. Moderate Resolution Land Cover • The Hawaiian islands will be part of the 2001 national effort – NOAA and USGS cooperative effort • We are making use of existing land cover information for the islands – C-CAP and HI GAP (2001) • We are not remapping the islands • This is not an updated land cover • This effort could be expanded to the rest of the Pacific Islands
  • 9. Hawai`i Land Cover Complete Maui County December 2008 2005 In 1992 2001 Progress Land Cover
  • 10. …and Hawai`i Impervious Surfaces 2005 2001 Impervious Surfaces Impervious Surfaces – 75% Coverage
  • 11. …and American Samoa and Guam Guam Tutuila Ofu Olosega Ta`u Impervious Surfaces - Available Now Impervious Surfaces – March 2009 Land Cover – June 2009
  • 13. Elevation IfSAR and Lidar • Digital terrain model • Digital terrain model • Digital surface model • Digital surface model • Orthorectified image
  • 14. Benthic Habitat Legend Sand Mud Seagrass/90%-100% Seagrass/50%-90% Seagrass/10%-50% Macroalgae/90%-100% Macroalgae/50%-90% Macroalgae/10%-50% Encrusting Coraline Algae/90%-100% Encrusting Coraline Algae/50%-90% Encrusting Coraline Algae/10%-50% Linear Reef Spur and Groove Individual Patch Reef Aggregated Patch Reef Aggregated Coral Head Scattered Coral/Rock in Unconsolidated Sediments Colonized Pavement Colonized Volcanic Rock/Boulder Colonized Pavement with Sand Channels Uncolonized Pavement Reef Rubble Uncolonized Volcanic Rock/Boulders Uncolonized Pavement with Sand Channels Land Emergent Vegetation Artificial/ Hardened Substrate Artificial Artificial/ Fishpond Unknown
  • 29. Training • GeoSpatial Technology • Coastal Management Training • Building Process Skills Training course in Guam
  • 30. Training GeoSpatial Technology • Coastal Applications Using ArcGIS • GIS For Managers • Assessing GIS for Your Organization • Introduction to ArcGIS I • Remote Sensing • GIS Tools for Strategic Conservation Planning • Conservation Data Documentation Homer, Alaska • Coastal Inundation Mapping
  • 31. Training GeoSpatial Technology GIS For Managers • Four-hour course • ArcView 9.2 • Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands-on problem solving • Participants will learn how to define a GIS describe the key capabilities of a GIS, become familiar with GIS terms and concepts, and recognize the limitations of a GIS.
  • 32. Training GeoSpatial Technology Remote Sensing for Spatial Analysts • Two-day course • ArcView 9.2 • Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands- on problem solving • Participants will learn how to use remote sensing to investigate issues such as land cover and use, shoreline erosion, and fisheries and benthic habitat assessment.
  • 33. Training GeoSpatial Technology Coastal Inundation Mapping • Two-day course • ArcView 9.2 • Lectures, demos, group discussions, hands- on problem solving • Participants will learn how to understand inundation terminology and datum issues, access topographic data, create a digital elevation model, and conduct a risk and vulnerability assessment.
  • 34. Training How to Get Training Partnerships: • Partner with other local agencies in order to maximize training benefits and minimize costs Assess Costs: • Hosts are responsible for providing venue and equipment (for attendees). Coordination: • A local lead contact needs to be established between partners http://www.csc.noaa.gov/cms/cls/remote_training_requirements.pdf
  • 35. Geospatial Technical Assistance What we can help you with? • Finding the right GIS tools and data • Assessing appropriateness of tools or data to a specific question • Using GIS tools and data What we can’t help you with… • We can’t do the work for you • We can help you to ask the right questions – but we can’t tell you what the answers to those questions should, or shouldn’t be
  • 36. The Magic Planet • Weather / Climate Datasets • Marine Mammal / Sea Bird Migrations • Oceans Health / Human Health Datasets • Marine Geology and Biology To coordinate Magic Planet for your event, or for more information, contact: Nadia.Sbeih@noaa.gov (808) 532-3204
  • 37. Data Visualization and Integration Science on a Sphere • Hawaii has two SOS installations • Used in museum exhibits • Reaches students and community • Educates on a variety of topics • Grabs audience attention Humpback Whale Migration With Sea Surface Temperature Nadia.Sbeih@noaa.gov (808) 532-3204
  • 38. Modeling and Analysis Tools • Developed through partnerships with end users – Meet the needs of coastal resource managers • Provide decision makers with more information – Explore a wider range of management alternatives – Develop better understanding of ecosystem processes and possible responses to management actions • Enhance the usability of remotely sensed data products – Add value to existing data products – Save time by automating processes
  • 39. Featured Tools 1. Impervious Surface Analysis Tool (ISAT) • Calculates the percentage of impervious surface cover for a given geographic area 2. Nonpoint-Source Pollution and Erosion Comparison Tool (N-SPECT) • Examines land cover to calculate runoff, nonpoint source pollution, and erosion 3. Habitat Priority Planner (HPP) • Identifies priority locations for conservation and restoration planning, and performs query visualizations
  • 40. Common Characteristics Cost of the tool • Free Software requirements • ArcGIS 9.2 (SP 4) • Spatial Analyst extension Data requirements • Raster land cover • Site-specific ancillary information (free and downloadable) GIS skill level • Intermediate Support • Documentation • Online help files • Training
  • 41. ISAT Fundamentals • Impervious surfaces impact water quality and quantity • ISAT estimates the percentage of a given area covered by impervious surfaces • Impervious surface areas can be recalculated for different land cover and land use scenarios
  • 42. ISAT Data Needs • Land cover • Impervious surface • Analysis units coefficients • Population density (optional)
  • 43. ISAT Outputs • New shapefile based on analysis units • Attributes updated with total area, impervious surface area, and percent impervious surface
  • 44. N-SPECT Fundamentals • Nonpoint source pollutants impact water quality • N-SPECT estimates storm runoff, eroded sediment, and pollutant loads, and tracks these loads as they accumulate downstream. • Allows comparisons of different land cover and land use scenarios
  • 45. N-SPECT Data Needs • Land cover • Topography • Soils • Precipitation • Rainfall erosivity • Pollutant coefficients • Water quality standards
  • 46. N-SPECT Outputs • Watershed delineations • Pollutant loads • Runoff volume • Pollutant concentrations • Sediment loads
  • 47. HPP Fundamentals • HPP is a geospatial planning tool that can be used to: – Inventory habitat conditions – Identify, rank, and prioritize restoration and/or conservation sites – Provide spatial planning support to natural resource managers – Analyze proposed changes in land use or land cover – Create maps, reports, and queries
  • 48. HPP Data Needs and Workflow Data Needs Workflow • Raster land cover • Step 1: Classify Habitats • Project specific points, • Step 2: Habitat Analysis lines, or polygons • Step 3: Explore Data
  • 49. Step 1 – Classify Habitats UNIQUE GROUPED SIMPLE
  • 51. Step 2 – Habitat Analysis Core Metrics Quality Connectivity • Size • Proximity • Perimeter-area ratio • Nearest neighbor • Core area CORE AREA PROXIMITY NEAREST NEIGHBOR
  • 52. Step 2 – Habitat Analysis Custom Metrics • Count • Distance to • Presence/absence • Polygon overlay • Linear distance within
  • 53. Step 3 – Explore Data Participatory GIS • Interactive planning • Group decisions • Quick analysis • Develop site specific applications
  • 54. HPP Outputs Classified Habitats Reports Prioritized Sites
  • 55. Land Cover Atlas • Online land cover summary and analysis website • Summarizes land cover for user defined areas • Will not require GIS software • Publicly available
  • 56. Tool Considerations • Broadly applicable screening tools • Provide decision support, not decisions • Require human interaction, stakeholder input • Data are limiting factors, and don’t come with tool • Analysis time dependent on extent, resolution, and process complexity
  • 57. For More Information: Digital Coast www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast Legislative www.csc.noaa.gov/legislativeatlas Atlas Training www.csc.noaa.gov/training Jamie.Carter@noaa.gov Christine.Feinholz@noaa.gov (808) 525-5387 (808) 532-3769 NOAA Pacific Services Center 737 Bishop St., Suite 2550 Honolulu, Hawaii 96813 www.csc.noaa.gov/psc/