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The Presidency of Yuan
        Shikai
        1912-1916
The Beginning of a Dictatorship

•   1912: Constitutional republic sets up

•   Meant to be a democracy

•   1913: Nationa...
•   January 1914: Yuan Shikai makes himself
    president for the next ten years
    (Dictatorship)
•   Gained support of ...
Oppositions of Yuan Shikai

•   Yuan Shikai plans to call his dynasty ‘The Grand
    Constitutional Era’

•   The followin...
Japanese Interference

• 1915: Japanese presents Yuan with Twenty-
  One Demands
• Demanded control of China’s factories,
...
Downfall of Yuan’s Reign

• Yuan accepts Twenty-One Demands
• Loses support of the people
• December 1915: Rebellion again...
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Presidency of Yuan Shikai

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Presidency of Yuan Shikai

  1. 1. The Presidency of Yuan Shikai 1912-1916
  2. 2. The Beginning of a Dictatorship • 1912: Constitutional republic sets up • Meant to be a democracy • 1913: National Assembly (elections for a parliament) Sun Yatsen • Sun Yatsen’s Guomindang (KMT) wins majority of the seats • Yuan Shikai did not share power with the KMT
  3. 3. • January 1914: Yuan Shikai makes himself president for the next ten years (Dictatorship) • Gained support of Europeans • Used his military strength • 1915:Yuan Shikai accepts Mandate of Heaven, tries to make himself Emperor • Image above: A coin depicting Yuan Shikai
  4. 4. Oppositions of Yuan Shikai • Yuan Shikai plans to call his dynasty ‘The Grand Constitutional Era’ • The following groups opposed: • Guomindang - wanted a democratic government • Generals and military governors - would lose authority if Yuan had more power • Japanese - wants to bring China under its control
  5. 5. Japanese Interference • 1915: Japanese presents Yuan with Twenty- One Demands • Demanded control of China’s factories, railways, ports etc. • Threatened war if not accepted
  6. 6. Downfall of Yuan’s Reign • Yuan accepts Twenty-One Demands • Loses support of the people • December 1915: Rebellion against Yuan • Gives up on his plans to become Emperor • June 1916: Dies of stroke

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