The Japan-China War and The Civil War : 1937 - 49<br />Howard Liu and Isabel Chun<br />
Japan – China War<br />
1937  Japan Conquests<br />November - After lots of heavy aerial bombing, Japan captured Shanghai.<br />December – Capture...
1938 – Further conquests<br />Japan captured Wuhan, Guangzhou and Hainan<br />The Japan did not make any more advances int...
1940 – Hunderd Regiments Battle<br />Communists attacked Japan railway communications through north China. <br />1941 – Ja...
1941 – American involvement<br />The USA declared war on Japan after the Pearl Harbour attack.<br />Bombed Japan’s sea tra...
1945 – End of Japan-China War<br />6 August – USA used atomic bomb on Hiroshima<br />8 August – Russian Red Army declared ...
Civil war: Guomindang and Communists<br />
Background Information<br />
Guomindang Life<br />Chiang Kaishek governed as a military dictator, a Fascist. <br />He had an army called ‘Blueshirts’ w...
Guomindang Life<br />Second aim was the New Life Movement in 1934. <br />The movement was based on four ancient ideas: Li,...
Communist Life<br />Rich landlords’s land was taken away and shared among the peasants. Small landlords kept their land.<b...
Communist Life<br />Women’s Associations were set up to help women free themselves from violent husbands.<br />Top leaders...
Civil war<br />
1945 – Race <br />Communists and Guomindang raced for the areas Japan occupied<br />Guomindang were inland while Guomindan...
1945 – American Involvement<br />USA did not want Communists to control China<br />USA shared their Air Force and flew the...
1946 – 9 : Civil war<br />Most people thought Guomindang would win. They had the support of the USA, money, and weapons.<b...
1946 – 9: Civil War Problems<br />Guomindang-held cities:<br />Inflation – workers went on strike, people started robbing<...
1948 : Communist Victory<br />People’s Liberation Army was very large and began to fight major battles with the Guominang<...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Japan-China War and The Civil War Timeline

4,890 views

Published on

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,890
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
67
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Japan-China War and The Civil War Timeline

  1. 1. The Japan-China War and The Civil War : 1937 - 49<br />Howard Liu and Isabel Chun<br />
  2. 2. Japan – China War<br />
  3. 3. 1937 Japan Conquests<br />November - After lots of heavy aerial bombing, Japan captured Shanghai.<br />December – Capture of Nanking. <br />
  4. 4. 1938 – Further conquests<br />Japan captured Wuhan, Guangzhou and Hainan<br />The Japan did not make any more advances into China because they just did not have the manpower to occupy the whole of China. <br />
  5. 5. 1940 – Hunderd Regiments Battle<br />Communists attacked Japan railway communications through north China. <br />1941 – Japanese Three All Campaign – kill all, burn all, destroy all. Aim to turn people against the Communists.<br />Did not work, Peasants actually were persuaded to support the Communists<br />1945 – The Japanese withdrew from the south. Communists controlled 18 ‘liberation areas’, most of them in the country side.<br />
  6. 6. 1941 – American involvement<br />The USA declared war on Japan after the Pearl Harbour attack.<br />Bombed Japan’s sea trade to cut off imports.<br />
  7. 7. 1945 – End of Japan-China War<br />6 August – USA used atomic bomb on Hiroshima<br />8 August – Russian Red Army declared war on Japan and invaded Manchuria<br />9 August-USA drops bomb on Nagasaki<br />Japan surrenders. <br />
  8. 8. Civil war: Guomindang and Communists<br />
  9. 9. Background Information<br />
  10. 10. Guomindang Life<br />Chiang Kaishek governed as a military dictator, a Fascist. <br />He had an army called ‘Blueshirts’ which specialised in killing Communists and in kidnapping, spying and torture.<br />He aimed to modernize the country. He improved railways, postal services, and telecommunications. Foreign companies were asked to build factories. A new paper currency was introduced<br />
  11. 11. Guomindang Life<br />Second aim was the New Life Movement in 1934. <br />The movement was based on four ancient ideas: Li, I, Lien, Chih, meaning courtesy, service, honesty and honour.<br />Movement did not help China’s basic welfare. There was a lack of medical care, poor housing, and poverty.<br />Chiang started the Rural Service, sending students to help peasants harvest crops. But the land taxes were still high and there was a famine. <br />Did not gain support of the peasants.<br />
  12. 12. Communist Life<br />Rich landlords’s land was taken away and shared among the peasants. Small landlords kept their land.<br />Interest-fee loans for peasants<br />Rents and taxes were reduced<br />‘Saturday Brigades’ made up of children, soldiers and party officials helped peasants work their land on weekends.<br />Abolished outdated and undesirable practices: foot binding, murder of unwanted babies, child slavery, prostitution, and sale of women<br />
  13. 13. Communist Life<br />Women’s Associations were set up to help women free themselves from violent husbands.<br />Top leaders of the Communist party did not live in luxury<br />Support for Communists came mostly from peasants<br />
  14. 14. Civil war<br />
  15. 15. 1945 – Race <br />Communists and Guomindang raced for the areas Japan occupied<br />Guomindang were inland while Guomindang already controlled 18 liberation areas<br />Communists were closest to those areas<br />
  16. 16. 1945 – American Involvement<br />USA did not want Communists to control China<br />USA shared their Air Force and flew the Guomindang to Nanjing, Shanghai and Beijing. They then seized other major ports.<br />December 1945 – General George C. Marshall, tried to bring the Communists and Guomindang together.<br />The truce broke down in 1946. <br />
  17. 17. 1946 – 9 : Civil war<br />Most people thought Guomindang would win. They had the support of the USA, money, and weapons.<br />Commmunists were weak, they held areas in the countryside. They had no air force, few railways, no navy and a small army.<br />From June 1946 – March 1947, The Guomindang troops won many battles against the communists and even took Yanan, their capitol.<br />Red Army renamed People’s Liberation Army, fought back. Lead by Lin Biao. They avoided major battles and made guerilla attacks. They soon controlled central and northern China.<br />Many peasants joined the Communists<br />
  18. 18. 1946 – 9: Civil War Problems<br />Guomindang-held cities:<br />Inflation – workers went on strike, people started robbing<br />Riots broke out, public order collapsed<br />Guomindang supports switched to Communist Party<br />1947 – USA cut off aid to Chiang Kaishek.<br />
  19. 19. 1948 : Communist Victory<br />People’s Liberation Army was very large and began to fight major battles with the Guominang<br />In the Battle of Huai-Hai, the Guomindang lost more than half a million men. <br />Communists captured Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou<br />Created the People’s Republic of China<br />Chiang Kaishek retreated to Taiwan with his 200,000 Guomindang troops and China’s gold reserves. <br />

×