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Origins Parallels and connections to 1898 reforms Warlord Era, Japan’s 21 Demands Treaty of Versailles - Shandong New ...
Q1    The May 4th Movement can best be described as a     reaction against foreign involvement in China?B)   TrueC) False
Chen Duxiu
May 4, 1919 3000 student demonstrators at Gate of  Heavenly Peace against Versailles Treaty,  Japanese demands and genera...
4 May 1919, Beijing The May 4th Incident House burned Former Chinese envoy to Japan beaten with iron bed  legs So heav...
Movement Spreads          May-June 1919 Mass demonstrations throughout China Warlord cabinet resigns Students joined by...
Intellectual Revolution   Explosion of new magazines   Attacks on Confucianism   Western ideas promoted   Marxism prom...
Lu Xun-author of “The     True Story of Ah Q”“Our vaunted Chinese civilization is only a          feast of human flesh    ...
Intellectual Conflict                Hu Shi: PROBLEMS   Beware of isms, simple solutions to complex   problems. Solve prob...
Li Dazhao
CCP Founded Beijing University converts: Chen Duxiu, Li  Dazhao, Mao Zedong Comintern agent Voitinsky set up study  grou...
Key Features   Nationwide student demonstrations against the Versailles Treaty and Japan   Criticism of China’s past – a...
Recap Direct connections to 1898 Reforms e.g.: Beijing University New Culture movement related but different to May 4th...
Lesson outline the may 4th movement
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Lesson outline the may 4th movement

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Lesson outline the may 4th movement

  1. 1. Origins Parallels and connections to 1898 reforms Warlord Era, Japan’s 21 Demands Treaty of Versailles - Shandong New intelligentsia: 5 million educated in West Beijing University (Peita) founded 1898 – promoted free expression New Youth magazine started 1915: edited by Chen Duxiu – attacked Confucianism Literary Revolution: attacks on traditional language led by Hu Shi
  2. 2. Q1 The May 4th Movement can best be described as a reaction against foreign involvement in China?B) TrueC) False
  3. 3. Chen Duxiu
  4. 4. May 4, 1919 3000 student demonstrators at Gate of Heavenly Peace against Versailles Treaty, Japanese demands and general state of China Cabinet minister’s house burned Manifesto declared: “China’s territory may be conquered, but it cannot be given away. The Chinese people may be massacred, but they will not surrender…”
  5. 5. 4 May 1919, Beijing The May 4th Incident House burned Former Chinese envoy to Japan beaten with iron bed legs So heavily bruised his body looked like “it was covered in fish scales” –Rana Mitter
  6. 6. Movement Spreads May-June 1919 Mass demonstrations throughout China Warlord cabinet resigns Students joined by the press and the middle class Sun Yatsen supported protest (but was ambivalent about movement as a whole) Japanese goods boycotted Schools closed
  7. 7. Intellectual Revolution Explosion of new magazines Attacks on Confucianism Western ideas promoted Marxism promoted – New Youth spring 1919 edition (CCP founded 1921) Women’s rights (Ding Ling), Workers rights, trade union activity Peasant rights and education New educational ideas New literature, vernacular – Lu Xun
  8. 8. Lu Xun-author of “The True Story of Ah Q”“Our vaunted Chinese civilization is only a feast of human flesh prepared for the high and mighty”
  9. 9. Intellectual Conflict Hu Shi: PROBLEMS Beware of isms, simple solutions to complex problems. Solve problems one at a time without revolution but with PRAGMATISM Vs Li Dazhao: ISMSSolve problems with a complete and thorough socio- political transformation – revolution - MARXISM
  10. 10. Li Dazhao
  11. 11. CCP Founded Beijing University converts: Chen Duxiu, Li Dazhao, Mao Zedong Comintern agent Voitinsky set up study groups July 1921: First Congress of CCP in Shanghai Organized labour centres, workers’ schools, strikes Chinese Seamen’s Union strike: union recognition, increased pay
  12. 12. Key Features Nationwide student demonstrations against the Versailles Treaty and Japan Criticism of China’s past – attacks on “Confucius and Sons” – look to the West for solutions – “keep young while growing old” New intelligentsia – five million by 1919 – Western schools Peking (Beijing) National University – founded 1898 – leading scholars: Chen Duxiu, Li Dazhao, Hu Shi Chen Duxiu’s New Youth magazine – attacks Confucianism – promotes social Darwinism Language Reform – rejection of classical Chinese – phonetic form of written characters Literary Revolution – Hu Shi – “Overthrow the painted and powdered literature of the aristocratic few” – plain, simple expression – literature of the people Marxism – Bolshevik Revolution in Russia – promoted in special edition of New Youth May 1919 – ‘My Marxist Views’ (Li Dazhao) Rejected by Hu Shi – more study of problems, less talk of “isms” – argued for pragmatism of John Dewey Lu Xun – China dying of suffocation – China as a cannibalistic society due to Confucianism etc
  13. 13. Recap Direct connections to 1898 Reforms e.g.: Beijing University New Culture movement related but different to May 4th New Culture focused on literature and culture less than politics May 4th Movement an example of ‘Unstable Pluralism’, e.g.: Weimar Germany Foreign models popular e.g.: Edison, Ghandi,Marie Curie, Ataturk and Marx

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