“From the rich experiences that our senses bring, we construct the ideas, the concepts, the generalizations that give meaning and order to our lives.”
What do direct, purposeful experiences refer to? For meaningful learning, where should these direct and purposeful experiences lead the learners to?
After seeing instructional materials as a whole, let us singleout direct, purposeful experiencesas instructional materials. The mostreal in Dale’s Cone of Experience. Let’s learn how they can be effectively used for instruction.
Testemonies:Grade VI teacherGraduate School ProfessorSecretary to the DeanGrade 4pupil
Do you have a similar experience? Share. Think of a skill you have. How did you acquire it? Think of a concept. How did you learn it?
How did the four narrators learn their respective skills/concept? Analyze.
These are our concrete and firsthand experiences that make up the foundation of our learning. These are the rich experiences that our senses bring from which we construct the ideas, the concepts, the generalizations that give meaning and order to our lives. (Dale, 1969). They are sensory experiences
Preparing meals Making a piece of furniture Doing powerpoint presentation Performing a laboratory experiment Delivering a speech Taking a trip
Are experiences of other people that we observe, read or hear about. They are not firsthand but rather vicarious experiences. People that we observe, read / hear about. They are not our own self-experiences but still experiences in the sense that we see, read and hear about them.
Climbing a mountain is firsthand, direct experience. Seeing it done in films or reading about it is a vicarious, substitute experience. It is a clear, therefore , that we can approach the world of reality directly through the senses and indirectly with reduced sensory experience. Example: We can make bake black forest cake see it done in tv or read about it.
Purposeful because the experiences are not purely mechanical. They are not a matter of going through the motion. These are not “mere sensory excitation”. They are experiences that are internalized in the sense that these experiences involve the asking of questions that have significance in the life of the person undergoing the direct experience.
►Why do we want our students to have a direct experience in conducting an experiment in the laboratory?It is done in relation to a certain learning objective.►Where should these direct, purposeful experiences lead us to?Implies that these direct experiences must not be the period or the end. We must be brought to a higher plane. The higher plane referred to here is the level of generalization and abstraction.
Let us give our students opportunities to learn by doing. Let us immerse our students in the world of experience. Let us make use of real things as instructional materials for as long as we can.
Let us help the students develop the five senses to the full to heighten their sensitivity to the world. Let us guide our students so that they can draw meaning from their firsthand experiences and elevate their level of thinking. Let us not be tempted to get stuck to the concrete and fail to bring up our students to the higher level of thinking process.
Apply the concept of direct experiences to the college courses you have taken. Were there missed opportunities for direct experiences? If yes, what are they? Go over the Re-structured Basic Education Curriculum (RBEC). Find out which competencies can be best taught through direct experience.
1. Connect this graph to sensory experience for maximum learning.2. Any principle you learned from the principles of teaching that connects to learning by direct experiences?3. Our lack of understanding is often due to our lack of attention.4. How can we arrive at a more accurate interpretation of what we experience?
You have the skill to lead the students in drawing generalization or abstraction about the direct experience for meaning. Firsthand sensory experience alone does not ensure adequate learning. For instance, teachers do a lot of preparation before they bring their children to get in direct contact with the City Council in session to realize their objectives.