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Energy or “currency” used 
by all your Cells. 
Adenosine Triphosphate 
Organic molecule (contains 
carbon) with three high...
EENNEERRGGYY!!
Adenine Base 
3 Phosphates Ribose 
Sugar
Through a process called cellular 
respiration 
C6H12O6 + 6O2 
YIELDS 
6CO2 + 6H20 + e- + 36- 
38ATP’s
 Glycolysis 
 The Citric Acid 
Cycle (Krebs 
Cycle) 
 The Electron 
Transport Chain
It takes place 
in two 
different 
parts of the 
Gcelylcl:olysis 
occurs in the 
CKryetobpsl aCsymcle & 
ETC Take place 
...
Occurs in 
Cytoplasm 
Occurs in 
Matrix 
Occurs 
across 
Cristae
• Also produces 2 NADH and 4 
ATP 
• Pyruvate is oxidized to Acetyl 
CoA and CO2 is removed
ATP 
NETS: 
3NADH 
1ATP 
1FADH2 
2CO2
Each turn of the Krebs Cycle 
also produces 3NADH, 1FADH2, 
and 2CO2 
Therefore, For each Glucose 
molecule, the Krebs C...
 NAD+ 
(nicotinadenine 
dinucleotide) acts 
as the energy 
carrier 
 NAD+ is a 
coenzyme 
 It’s Reduced to 
NADH when i...
 34 ATP Produced 
 H2O Produced 
 Occurs Across Inner Mitochondrial 
membrane 
 Uses coenzymes NAD+ and FAD+ to 
accep...
 1. What are three parts of cellular respiration? 
 2. Where does cellular respiration occur? 
 3. What are the “inputs...
 So far, everything we’ve talked about has required 
oxygen. What happens if oxygen isn’t present? 
◦ What are some situa...
 Lactic acid 
fermentation is a 
biological process by 
which glucose is 
converted into energy 
and the metabolite 
lact...
 Chemical Structure of ATP-http://home.comcast.net/~mjmayhew42/Biology 
%20notes/energy%20notes_files/image002.jpg 
 Sta...
Cell resppresentationforuc (rev)
Cell resppresentationforuc (rev)
Cell resppresentationforuc (rev)
Cell resppresentationforuc (rev)
Cell resppresentationforuc (rev)
Cell resppresentationforuc (rev)
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Cell resppresentationforuc (rev)

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Cell resppresentationforuc (rev)

  1. 1. Energy or “currency” used by all your Cells. Adenosine Triphosphate Organic molecule (contains carbon) with three high-energy Phosphate bonds
  2. 2. EENNEERRGGYY!!
  3. 3. Adenine Base 3 Phosphates Ribose Sugar
  4. 4. Through a process called cellular respiration C6H12O6 + 6O2 YIELDS 6CO2 + 6H20 + e- + 36- 38ATP’s
  5. 5.  Glycolysis  The Citric Acid Cycle (Krebs Cycle)  The Electron Transport Chain
  6. 6. It takes place in two different parts of the Gcelylcl:olysis occurs in the CKryetobpsl aCsymcle & ETC Take place in the Mitochondria
  7. 7. Occurs in Cytoplasm Occurs in Matrix Occurs across Cristae
  8. 8. • Also produces 2 NADH and 4 ATP • Pyruvate is oxidized to Acetyl CoA and CO2 is removed
  9. 9. ATP NETS: 3NADH 1ATP 1FADH2 2CO2
  10. 10. Each turn of the Krebs Cycle also produces 3NADH, 1FADH2, and 2CO2 Therefore, For each Glucose molecule, the Krebs Cycle produces 6NADH, 2FADH2, 4CO2, and 2ATP
  11. 11.  NAD+ (nicotinadenine dinucleotide) acts as the energy carrier  NAD+ is a coenzyme  It’s Reduced to NADH when it picks up two electrons and one hydrogen ion
  12. 12.  34 ATP Produced  H2O Produced  Occurs Across Inner Mitochondrial membrane  Uses coenzymes NAD+ and FAD+ to accept e- from glucose  NADH = 3 ATP’s  FADH2 = 2 ATP’s
  13. 13.  1. What are three parts of cellular respiration?  2. Where does cellular respiration occur?  3. What are the “inputs” and “outputs” for each of the three stages?
  14. 14.  So far, everything we’ve talked about has required oxygen. What happens if oxygen isn’t present? ◦ What are some situations that would lack oxygen?
  15. 15.  Lactic acid fermentation is a biological process by which glucose is converted into energy and the metabolite lactate. It is an anaerobic fermentation reaction that occurs in some bacteria and animal cells such as muscle cells.
  16. 16.  Chemical Structure of ATP-http://home.comcast.net/~mjmayhew42/Biology %20notes/energy%20notes_files/image002.jpg  Stages of Cellular Respiration-https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images? q=tbn:ANd9GcQ9jbOHFin9KTk_Uzq-uMtMf9amHJ97o_nZn59WdFqgGESDc9SD8Q  Cytoplasm and Mitochondria-http:// middletownhighschool.wikispaces.com/file/view/mitochondria2.jpg/98376083/mitochon dria2.jpg  Respiration Process-http:// biology.clc.uc.edu/Fankhauser/Labs/Cell_Biology/Cell_lecture_pdfs/respiration_overvie w.jpg  NAD-http:// intranet.tdmu.edu.ua/data/kafedra/internal/chemistry/classes_stud/ru/stomat/ptn/2/03П ищеварение%20углеводов.%20Анаэробное%20окисление %20глюкозы.files/image035.jpg  Glucose-https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRiTaATQMMrx-Dz- TG4mk7ZVgYMM1SBZgl_f0-nBrMmlrmy9CFpAyYdXA

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