HOUSE KEEPINGASSIGNMENT ON ROOMS LAYOUTS IN HOTELS TAPAN MANGESH GHARAT TYBSCHM
What is LAYOUT ? It may be define as “An arrangement or a plan, especially the schematic arrangement of parts or areas.” Objectives of the Layout is to develop aneconomical layout which will meet therequirements of: product design and volume (product strategy). process equipment and capacity (process strategy). quality of work life (human resource strategy). building and site constraints (location strategy). Strategic Importance of Layout : Higher utilization of space, equipment and people. Improved flow of information, materials, or people. Improved employee morale and safer working conditions. Improved customer/client interaction. Flexibility.
Depend upon type layouts are classified into Fixed-position layout Large bulky projects such as ships and buildings. Process-oriented layout Deals with low-volume, high-variety production (“job shop”, intermittent production). Office layout Positions workers, their equipment, and spaces/offices to provide for movement of information. Retail/service layout Allocates shelf space and responds to customer behavior. Warehouse layout Addresses trade-offs between space and material handling. Product-oriented layout Seeks the best personnel and machine use in repetitive or continuous production.
There are different color schemes are used in layouts of rooms as well as furnishing those are : Monochromatic colour schemeA monochromatic colour scheme consists of different values(tints and shades) of one single colour. These colourschemes are easy to get right and can be very effective,soothing and authoritative . They do, however, lack thediversity of hues found in other colour schemes and are lessvibrant. Analogous colour schemeAnalogous colours are colours that are adjacent to eachother on the colour wheel. Some examples are green, yellowgreen, and yellow or red, orange and yellow. Analogouscolour schemes are often found in nature and are pleasing tothe eye. The combination of these colours give a bright andcheery effect in the area, and are able to accommodatemany changing moods. When using the analogous colourscheme, one should make sure there is one hue as the maincolour. Complementary colour schemeComplementary colours are colours that are opposite eachother on the colour wheel, such as blue and orange, red andgreen, purple and yellow. Complementary colour schemeshave a more energetic feelThe high contrast between the colours creates a vibrant look,especially when used at full saturation. Complementarycolours can be tricky to use in large doses. Split-analogous colour schemeA colour scheme that includes a main colour and the twocolours one space away from it on each side of the colourwheel. An example is red, blue, and violet.
Split-complementary colour schemeA colour scheme that includes a main colour and the twocolours on each side of its complementary (opposite) colouron the colour wheel. These are the colours that are one hueand two equally spaced from its complement. To avoidfatigue and maintain high contrast, this colour scheme shouldbe used when giving PowerPoint presentations, or whenusing a computer for an extended period of time. Additionally,certain colours should not be mixed, like red and green.Colours that should be used are red/violet and yellow/green. Triadic colour schemeA colour scheme in which 3 colours of equidistant distributionon the colour wheel are used, e.g., red, blue, and yellow. Tetrad colour schemeTetrads (or quadrates) are any four colours with a logicalrelationship on the colour wheel, such as doublecomplements. Neutral colour schemeA colour scheme that includes only colours not found on thecolour wheel, called neutrals, such as beige, brown, gray,black and white.Accented neutral colour schemeA colour scheme that includes neutral colours, like white,beige, brown, grey, light brown or black, and one or moresmall doses of other colours. e.g. brown and beige with blue,gray and black with red. Warm and cool colour schemesWarm colour schemes do not include blue at all, andlikewise, cool colour schemes do not include red at all. Forexample, a colour scheme that includes "warmer" coloursmay have orange, yellow, and red-orange in it. "Cooler"colours are green, violet, light blue, etc.
Hotel industry is very vast placewhich provide all type of luxuryand specialized service to guestsall over the world, normallyhotels are divided into 4 mainoperational sectors those are : Food Production. Food and Beverage Service Front Office House KeepingAmong 4 of the above operational sectors House keeping helpsto generate 50% of the hotel revenue total profit of hoteldepend upon the rooms sold by the hotel and the remainingsectors are interconnected to each other.Rooms in hotel are divided intodifferent categories, and they arenormally differentiated into:1) Single room2) Twin room3) Hollywood twin room4) Double room5) Triple room6) Quad room
07) Queen room08) King room09) Double double roomtwin double family room10) Studio room11) Sico room12) Connecting rooms13) Adjoining rooms14) Adjacent rooms15) Cabana16) Duplex/bi-level suite17) Efficiency room18) Hospitality suite19) Lanai20) Parlour/saloon21) Sample room22) Family room23) Penthouse24) Executive room
Single room : A room assigned to one person, havingone bed. Legends:
Twin room : A room with two twin beds meant for oneperson each Legends:
Hollywood twin room : A room with two twin beds but acommon headboard, meant for two people. If so desired,the beds can be bridged together to make it appear asingle bed. Legends:
Double room : A room with a double bed for twopersons. Legends:
Triple room : A room assigned to three people,which may have two or more beds. Legends:
Quad room : A room assigned to four people, whichmay have two or mere beds. Legends:
Queen room : A room with a queen-size bed. Legends:
King room : A room with a king-size bed. Legends:
Double double room/twin double family room :A room with two double beds, meant for four people. Legends:
Studio room/extension room : A room with astudio bed.
Sico room : A room which has Murphy or Sico bedor similar(a pull-out or convertible or foldaway bed).
Mini Suite/junior suite : A single large room witha bed and a sitting area. Legends:
Suite room : A combination of one or morebedrooms and a parlour. It may also contain a bar, asmall kitchenette, and other facilities.
Interconnecting rooms : Rooms with individualentrance doors from the outside and a connectingdoor between, so that guests can move betweenrooms without going through the hallway. Legends:
Adjoining rooms : Room with a common wall but onconnecting door. Legends:
Adjacent rooms : Rooms close to each other, but notnecessarily adjoining – perhaps across the hall orcorridor from each other. Legends:
Cabana : A room adjacent to the pool area, withor without sleeping facilities, but with provision forrelaxing in a sofa. These are mainly used forchanging. Legends:
Duplex/bi-level suite : A two-storey suite, with parlourand bedrooms connected by a stairway. Legends:
Efficiency room : A room containing kitchen facilities. Legends:
Hospitality suite : A parlour with a connectingbedroom, to be used by guests to entertain his ownguests or for companies offering cocktails duringconventions, entertaining, and trade shows. Ahospitality room usually contains a bar andoccasional tables as will. This type of room is let outand charged on an hourly basis. Legends
Lanai : A room overlooking a landscaped area, ascenic view, a waterbody, or a garden. It may have abalcony, a pation, or both. This type of room iscommonly found in resorts. Legends:
Parlour/saloon : A living or sitting room ; a roomnot used as a bedroom. Legends:
Penthouse suite: A room that opens onto the roofand may be accompanied by a swimming pool, patio, atennis court, and other facilities and amenities. Legends:
Executive room : A room that has a large bedroomwith a sitting area, provided with chairs and usually asofa and coffee table. This type of room typically hasa workstation/lounge near the window. This is really acombination bedroom-cum-sitting room Legends: