<ul><li>Research on Self-compassion </li></ul>Kristin Neff, PhD University of Texas at Austin
<ul><li>The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to represent the main components of self-compassion in sca...
<ul><li>Sample Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) Items </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Kindness Subscale :  I try to be understanding and...
Self-Compassion Linked to Well-being <ul><li>Greater:  life satisfaction, social connectedness, autonomy, resilient coping...
<ul><li>Self-compassion and anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Several studies show that self-compassion provides a very strong buf...
<ul><li>Self-compassion and body image </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns with thinness often driven by the need for high self-est...
<ul><li>Research on self-compassion and body image </li></ul><ul><li>Self-compassion is associated with health behaviors a...
<ul><li>Group differences in self-compassion </li></ul><ul><li>Women tend to have less self-compassion than men </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Group differences in self-compassion </li></ul><ul><li>Practicing Buddhists have higher levels of self-compassion ...
<ul><li>Group differences in self-compassion </li></ul><ul><li>In a cross-cultural study, Thais had highest levels of self...
<ul><li>Self-compassion in relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Research suggests that self-compassion can greatly enhance rela...
<ul><li>Importance of self-compassion for care-givers </li></ul><ul><li>Research shows that self-compassion is associated ...
<ul><li>Self-compassion in adolescence </li></ul><ul><li>Main task of adolescence is identity formation </li></ul><ul><li>...
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Self compassion research

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Self compassion research

  1. 1. <ul><li>Research on Self-compassion </li></ul>Kristin Neff, PhD University of Texas at Austin
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to represent the main components of self-compassion in scale </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Sample Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) Items </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Kindness Subscale : I try to be understanding and patient towards those aspects of my personality I don't like. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Judgment Subscale : I’m disapproving and judgmental about my own flaws and inadequacies. </li></ul><ul><li>Common Humanity Subscale : I try to see my failings as part of the human condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation Subscale: When I fail at something that's important to me, I tend to feel alone in my failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Mindfulness Subscale: When I'm feeling down I try to approach my feelings with curiosity and openness. </li></ul><ul><li>Over-identified Subscale: When something upsets me I get carried away with my feelings. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Self-Compassion Linked to Well-being <ul><li>Greater: life satisfaction, social connectedness, autonomy, resilient coping, personal growth, reflective and affective wisdom, curiosity and exploration, happiness, optimism </li></ul><ul><li>Less: anxiety, depression, self-criticism, neuroticism, rumination, thought suppression, and perfectionism </li></ul><ul><li>Populations studied: Ages 14 – 83 </li></ul><ul><li>United States, Netherlands, Thailand, Taiwan, Turkey </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Self-compassion and anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Several studies show that self-compassion provides a very strong buffer again self-evaluative anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>At its core anxiety stems from fear of being excluded from the social group </li></ul><ul><li>Self-compassion provides feelings of safety, acceptance and interconnectedness </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Self-compassion and body image </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns with thinness often driven by the need for high self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural standards of thinness becoming more extreme for females </li></ul><ul><li>Most females are unhappy with their body, want to be thinner, are currently on a diet </li></ul><ul><li>Self-compassion can allow for acceptance of one’s own body, of personal imperfection </li></ul><ul><li>Also provides motivation for change if diet and exercise are needed – health rather than self-worth </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Research on self-compassion and body image </li></ul><ul><li>Self-compassion is associated with health behaviors among women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked to intrinsic motivation to exercise, less focus on ego-concerns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater comfort with their bodies, less concerned with social evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self-compassion reduces the urge to overeat among those who have “blown” their diet </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Group differences in self-compassion </li></ul><ul><li>Women tend to have less self-compassion than men </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly because are more self-critical and tend to be more negative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women tend to be kinder to others than to self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women are just as high in their feelings of common humanity, a strength that can be built upon </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Group differences in self-compassion </li></ul><ul><li>Practicing Buddhists have higher levels of self-compassion than the general population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Means that self-compassion is a skill that can be practiced </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Group differences in self-compassion </li></ul><ul><li>In a cross-cultural study, Thais had highest levels of self-compassion, Taiwanese the lowest, Americans were in-between </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Means that Asians should not be stereotyped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In all three cultures, self-compassion strongly linked to psychological well-being </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Self-compassion in relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Research suggests that self-compassion can greatly enhance relationship interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Examined how self-compassion levels related to reports by partners of relationship behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-compassionate partners were described as more caring, intimate, accepting, and autonomy granting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-compassionate partners were described as being less detached, controlling, hostile, and aggressive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People with more self-compassion had better relationships </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Importance of self-compassion for care-givers </li></ul><ul><li>Research shows that self-compassion is associated with less burnout and compassion fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Self-compassion provides the emotional resources needed to nurture others </li></ul><ul><li>By acknowledging how difficult care-giving can be, reduces anger and resentment </li></ul><ul><li>By opening our hearts to human imperfection, can accept others as they are </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Self-compassion in adolescence </li></ul><ul><li>Main task of adolescence is identity formation </li></ul><ul><li>Highly concerned with evaluating self-worth (especially in comparison with peers) </li></ul><ul><li>Self-compassionate teens have much lower levels of depression and anxiety, greater connectedness </li></ul><ul><li>Self-compassion levels predicted by maternal criticism, family conflict, attachment style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-compassion may be thought of as an internalized form of relating that is partly modeled from parents </li></ul></ul>

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