SELF-AWARENESS Key component of the psychiatric nursing experience. Goal: to achieve authentic, open, and personal communication. The nurse must be able to examine personal feelings, actions, and reactions as
A firm understanding and acceptance of self allows the nurse to acknowledge a patient’s differences and uniqueness.
HOLISTIC NURSING MODEL OF SELF- AWARENESS (Campbell) Psychological component: knowledge of emotions, motivations, self-concept, and personality. Being psychologically aware means being sensitive to feelings and to external elements that affect those feelings. Physical component: knowledge of personal and general physiology, as well as of bodily sensations, body image, and physical potential.
Environmental component: socio-cultural environment, relationships with others, and knowledge of the relationships between humans and nature. Philosophical component: refers to the sense of life having meaning; may or may not include a superior being, but it does take into account responsibility to the world and ethics of behavior.
Principles: A change in any one quadrant affects all the other quadrants. The smaller the first quadrant, the poorer the communication. Interpersonal learning means that a change has taken place, so quadrant 1 is larger and one or more of the other quadrants are smaller.
Goal: increase the area of quadrant 1 while reducing the size of the other quadrants.
Listen to self allow genuine emotions to be experienced Identify and accept personal needs Move the body in free, joyful and spontaneous ways. Listen to and learn from others As we relate to others, we broaden our perceptions of self, but such learning requires active listening and openness to the feedback others provide.
Reduce the size of quadrant 3 by self- disclosing. Revealing to others important aspects of the personality. Self- disclosure: symptom of personality health and a means of achieving healthy personality.