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Self: Core Competency
Understanding of Self
Components of Self – Self identity
Self concept
Self confidence
Self image
Self-Concept
Self-Concept
• Self-concept is an individual’s perception of
self and is what helps make each individual
unique.
• Positive and negative self-assessments in the
physical, emotional, intellectual, and
functional dimensions change over time.
• Self-concept affects the ability to function and
greatly influences health status.
Self-Concept
• Self-knowledge — “Who am I?”
• Self-expectation — “Who or what do I want to
be?”
• Social self – How person perceived by others?
• Self-evaluation — “How well do I like myself?”
Components of Self-Concept
• Self-esteem
• Identity
• Role performance
• Body image
Components of Self-Concept
Components of Self-Concept
1-Self Identity
• A sense of personal identity is what sets one
person apart as a unique individual.
• Identity includes a person’s name, gender,
ethnic identity, family status, occupation, and
roles.
• One’s personal identity begins to develop
during childhood and is constantly reinforced
and modified throughout life.
Components of Self-Concept
2- Body image
• Body image is an attitude about one’s
physical attributes and characteristics,
appearance, and performance.
• Body image is dynamic because any change in
body structure or function, including the
normal changes of growth and development,
can affect it.
Components of Self-Concept
3- Self-esteem
• Self-esteem is the judgment of personal
performance compared with the self-ideal.
• Self-esteem is derived from a sense of giving
and receiving love, and being respected by
others.
Components of Self-Concept
4- Role performance
• Role refers to a set of expected behaviors
determined by familial, cultural, and social
norms.
• The level of self-esteem is dependent upon
the self-perception of adequate role
performance in these various social roles.
Development of Self-Concept
• Self-concept evolves throughout life and
depends to an extent on an individual’s
developmental level.
Formation of Self-Concept
1. Infant learns physical self different from
environment.
2. If basic needs are met, child has positive
feelings of self.
3. Child internalizes others people’s attitudes
toward self.
4. Child or adult internalizes standards of society.
Factors Affecting Self-Concept
• Altered Health Status
• Experience
• Developmental considerations
• Culture
• Internal and external resources
• History of success and failure
• Crisis or life stressors
• Aging, illness, or trauma
Helping Patients Maintain Sense of Self
• Communicate worth with looks, speech, and judicious touch.
• Acknowledge patient status, role, and individuality.
• Speak to patient respectfully.
• Offer simple explanations for procedures.
• Move patient’s body respectfully if necessary.
• Respect patient’s privacy and sensibilities.
• Acknowledge and allow expression of negative feelings.
• Help patients recognize strengths and explore alternatives.

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understand self

  • 1. Self: Core Competency Understanding of Self Components of Self – Self identity Self concept Self confidence Self image
  • 3. Self-Concept • Self-concept is an individual’s perception of self and is what helps make each individual unique. • Positive and negative self-assessments in the physical, emotional, intellectual, and functional dimensions change over time. • Self-concept affects the ability to function and greatly influences health status.
  • 4. Self-Concept • Self-knowledge — “Who am I?” • Self-expectation — “Who or what do I want to be?” • Social self – How person perceived by others? • Self-evaluation — “How well do I like myself?”
  • 5. Components of Self-Concept • Self-esteem • Identity • Role performance • Body image
  • 7. Components of Self-Concept 1-Self Identity • A sense of personal identity is what sets one person apart as a unique individual. • Identity includes a person’s name, gender, ethnic identity, family status, occupation, and roles. • One’s personal identity begins to develop during childhood and is constantly reinforced and modified throughout life.
  • 8. Components of Self-Concept 2- Body image • Body image is an attitude about one’s physical attributes and characteristics, appearance, and performance. • Body image is dynamic because any change in body structure or function, including the normal changes of growth and development, can affect it.
  • 9. Components of Self-Concept 3- Self-esteem • Self-esteem is the judgment of personal performance compared with the self-ideal. • Self-esteem is derived from a sense of giving and receiving love, and being respected by others.
  • 10. Components of Self-Concept 4- Role performance • Role refers to a set of expected behaviors determined by familial, cultural, and social norms. • The level of self-esteem is dependent upon the self-perception of adequate role performance in these various social roles.
  • 11. Development of Self-Concept • Self-concept evolves throughout life and depends to an extent on an individual’s developmental level.
  • 12. Formation of Self-Concept 1. Infant learns physical self different from environment. 2. If basic needs are met, child has positive feelings of self. 3. Child internalizes others people’s attitudes toward self. 4. Child or adult internalizes standards of society.
  • 13. Factors Affecting Self-Concept • Altered Health Status • Experience • Developmental considerations • Culture • Internal and external resources • History of success and failure • Crisis or life stressors • Aging, illness, or trauma
  • 14. Helping Patients Maintain Sense of Self • Communicate worth with looks, speech, and judicious touch. • Acknowledge patient status, role, and individuality. • Speak to patient respectfully. • Offer simple explanations for procedures. • Move patient’s body respectfully if necessary. • Respect patient’s privacy and sensibilities. • Acknowledge and allow expression of negative feelings. • Help patients recognize strengths and explore alternatives.