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How many citations are there in the Data Citation Index?

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Presentation of a descriptive anaysis of the DCI from Thomson Reuters by Daniel Torres-Salinas, Evaristo Jiménez-Contreras and Nicolás Robinson-García at the STI Conference held in Leiden (The Netherlands) 3-5 september 2014 sti2014.cwts.nl

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How many citations are there in the Data Citation Index?

  1. 1. How many citations are there in the Data Citation Index? D Torres-Salinas, E Jiménez-Contreras & N Robinson-Garcia EC3 Research Group EC3Metrics University of Granada 19th International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators 3-5 September 2014 Leiden, The Netherlands
  2. 2. Outline Rationale Data and citations Data Citation Index Discussion
  3. 3. Rationale “The data deluge has arrived.[…] If the rewards of the data deluge are to be reaped, then researchers who produce those data must share them” Borgman, 2012 Peng, 2011
  4. 4. Rationale “The ‘dirty little secret’ behind the promotion of data sharing is that not much sharing may be taking place” Borgman, 2012 “The lack of recognition incentives is regarded as a crucial and unresolved obstacle to establishing a data sharing culture” Piwowar et al., 2008
  5. 5. Data and citations “A consistent, rigorous approach to data citation is lacking” Parsons et al., 2010 What do we cite?  Original study <- Piwowar et al.  Data papers <- Scientific Data  Data sets <- Data Citation Index
  6. 6. Data Citation Index GENERAL DESCRIPTION  Multidisciplinary database launched in 2012  It indexes data repositories from all scientific fields along with citation data associated to them  Follows an evaluation and selection process at the level of repository based on: subject, editorial content and geographic origin and scope
  7. 7. Data Citation Index PUBLICATION TYPES Data repositories a database comprising datasets and data studies which stores and provides access to the raw data Datasets a single or coherent set of data or a data file provided by the repository, as part of a collection, data study or experiment. Data studies description of studies or experiments held in repositories with the associated data which have been used in the data study.
  8. 8. Data Citation Index DATA STUDY EXAMPLES
  9. 9. Data Citation Index DATA SET EXAMPLES
  10. 10. Data Citation Index MATERIAL AND METHODS  Data retrieval in May-June 2013  Analysis by areas: Science, Engineering & Technology, Social Sciences and Arts & Humanities arXiv:1306.6584
  11. 11. Data Citation Index GENERAL INDICATORS All Document TypesDatasetsData studiesTotal Citations404,211294,051106,895Total Records2,623,5282,468,736154,674Uncited Records2,311,5532,185,062126,428% Uncited88.1188.5181.74Citation Average0.150.120.69Standard Desviation3.060.369.56
  12. 12. Data Citation Index REPOSITORIES BY AREA Engineering & Technology1Science67Social Sciences19Humanities & Arts9
  13. 13. Datasets Citat ions Data studies Citat ions Engineering & Technology 1545 890 240 26 Humanit ies & Arts 44588 1 6847 20459 Science 2004449 293193 114338 26189 Social Sciences 424952 7 37855 69659 Data Citation Index RECORDS AND CITATIONS BY AREA AND TYPE
  14. 14. Data Citation Index TOP 10 CATEGORIES HIGHLY CITED FOR DATASETS 0.000.501.001.500% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% CrystallographyBiochemistry & Mol. BiologyGenetics & HeredityGeosciencesPhysics, Atomic, MolecularEvolutionary BiologyCell BiologySpectroscopyMedical Laboratory Tech. Nanoscience & Nanotech. Citation average andstandard deviation% of total citations from DCI 47% 23% 16%
  15. 15. Data Citation Index TOP 10 CATEGORIES HIGHLY CITED FOR DATA STUDIES 051015202530350% 10% 20% 30% SociologyDemographyEconomicsBusinessPolitical ScienceBiochemistry & Mol. BiologyGenetics & HeredityHealth Care SciencesCriminology & PenologyFamily StudiesCitation average andstandard deviation% of total citations from DCI 30%
  16. 16. Data Citation Index MAIN REPOSITORIES IN THE DCI, CITATIONS & RECORDS 0200004000060000800001000001200001400001600000100000200000300000400000500000600000700000MiRBaseGene Expression UniProt knowledgebaseCrystallography Open DatabaseU.S. Census Bureau TIGERProteinData BankArrayExpress ArchivePANGEAUK DATAARCHIVEInter-university Consortium for Political and Social ResearchAnimal QTL Database TotalNumber of citations in the Data Citation Index TotalNumber of records indexed the Data Citation IndexSize= Total CitationsPie Chart= % of citationsLEGEND
  17. 17. Discussion I. High rate of uncitedness (88%) II.Biased towards the Science III.Data sets vs. Data studies (Two Cultures?) IV.Too soon or too presumptious?
  18. 18. THANK YOU D Torres-Salinas torressalinas@gmail.com N Robinson-Garcia elrobin@ugr.es E Jiménez Contreras evaristo@ugr.es 19th International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators 3-5 September 2014 Leiden, The Netherlands

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