Presente simple


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Presente simple

  1. 1. PRESENTE SIMPLE1. ¿Cuándo se utiliza el Presente Simple?2. DO/DOES como verbo auxiliar:3. Reglas de ortografía para la 3ª persona del singular4. Afirmativo5. Negativo6. Interrogativo7. Respuesta Corta
  2. 2. Simple Present(Present Simple)
  3. 3. Simple Present - Form be• Use:• am con el pronombre “I”• is con los pronombres personales en singular “he, she o it”• are con los pronombres personales plurales “we, you or they”• example: I am hungry.
  4. 4.   affirmative negative questionI I am. I am not. Am I?he/she/it He is. He is not. Is he?you/we/they You are. You are not. Are you?
  5. 5. 006 Simple Present Exercise on Form with be   affirmative negative question I I am hungry. I am not hungry Am I hungry? you You are Sam. You are not Sam Are you Sam? he He is here. He is not here. Is he here? she She is loud.  she is not loud Is she loud? it It is okay. It is not okay Is it okay? we We are fine. We are not fine Are we fine? you You are friendly  You are not friendly. Are you friendly? they They are happy. They are not happy. Are they happy?
  6. 6. affirmative negative questionI I am hungry. I am not hungry.I + am + not Am I hungry?Am + Iyou You are Sam. You are not Sam.You + are + not Are you Sam?Are + youhe He is here.He + is He is not here. Is he here?Is + heshe She is loud.She + is She is not loud.She + is + not Is she loud?it It is okay. It is not okay.It + is + not Is it okay?Is + itwe We are fine.We + are We are not fine.We + are + not Are we fine?you You are friendly.You + are You are not friendly. Are you friendly?Are + youthey They are happy.They + are They are not happy.They + are + not Are they happy?
  7. 7. PRESENTE SIMPLE DO/DOES como verbo auxiliar:• Do / Does tiene dos usos: 1. Verbo “hacer” I do my homework everyday 2. Verbo auxiliar - En oraciones negativas I don’t go to school on Sunday do not - En oraciones interrogativas Do you do your homework’? ¿ hacer
  8. 8. 0default Simple Present Exercises on Form Write down the missing sentences. affirmative negative questions I don’t play.  I do not  I I play. play. Do I play? you You help. You do not help. Do you help? he He answer. He does not answer. Does he answer? she She sings. She does not sing. Does she sing? it It rains. It does not rain. Does it rain? we We dream We do not dream Do we dream? you You do not read. they Do they work?
  9. 9. affirmative negative questionsI I play. I do not play.I + do + not + infinitive  Do I play?Do + I + infinitive  Do you help?you You help. You do not help.You + do + not + infinitive  Do + you + infinitive  Does he answer?he He answers.He + Verb + s  He does not answer. Does + he + infinitive  She does not sing.she She sings.She + Verb + s  She + does + not + infinitive  Does she sing? Does it rain?it It rains. It does not rain.It + does + not + infinitive  Does + it + infinitive we We dream.We + infinitive  We do not dream.We + do + not + infinitive  Do we dream? Do you read?you You read.You + infinitive  You do not read. Do + you + infinitive they They work.They + infinitive  They do not work.They + do + not + infinitive  Do they work?
  10. 10. PRESENTE SIMPLE AFIRMATIVOLa 3ª persona del I play Yo juegosingular (he, she, it) You play Tú juegasgeneralmente se le añadeuna –s al verbo para las He plays El juegaoraciones afirmativas. She plays Ella juegaPor ejemplo; It plays Esto juega She plays football We play Nosotros jugamos (Ella juega al futbol). You play Vosotros jugáis They play Ellos juegan
  11. 11. PRESENTE SIMPLE AFIRMATIVO• La 3ª persona del singular (he, she, it) generalmente se le añade una –s alverbo para las oraciones afirmativas. Por ejemplo; She plays football (Ella juega al fútbol).• Hay algunas excepciones:-Los verbos terminados en -s, -z, -sh, -ch, -x y -o forman la 3ºpersonadel singular agregando -es: I teach (Yo enseño) He teaches (El enseña); I watch (Yo miro) She watches (Ella mira), I go (Yo voy) He goes (El va). -Los verbos terminados en consonante -y cambian por -ies: I study (Yo estudio) - He studies (El estudia). Recuerda que los verbos terminados en vocal -y (-ay, -ey, -oy, -uy)forman la 3ª persona regularmente: I play (Yo juego) - She plays (Ella juega).
  12. 12. c0andefault ExercicesSimple Present, Exercise on Exceptions in SpellingWrite down the third person singular of thefollowing verbs.•I can - he•I go - he goes•I wish - he wishes•I must - he must•I hurry - he hurries•I do - he does•I may - he may•I kiss - he kisses•I worry - he worries•I teach - he teaches
  13. 13. PRESENTE SIMPLE AFIRMATIVOVerbos que terminan en: se le añade Ejemplos teach  teaches; watch  watches;s,-z,-sh,-ch,-x, -o -es do  does go  goes Carry carries; Consonante + -y y  ies  fly  flies
  14. 14. PRESENTE SIMPLE NEGATIVO Sin contraer Contraido I do not play I don’t play You do not play You don’t playHe does not play He doesn’t playShe does not play She doesn’t playIt does not play It doesn’t play We do not play We don’t play You do not play You don’t playThey do not play They don’t play
  15. 15. PRESENTE SIMPLE INTERROGATIVOVerbo auxiliar + persona + verbo + complementos ? Do you play football? Do I play…? Do you play …? Does he play …? Does she play …? Does it play …? Do we play …? Do you play …? Do they play …?
  16. 16. PRESENTE SIMPLE RESPUESTA CORTAAFIRMATIVA NEGATIVAYes, I do No, I don’tYes, you do No, you don’tYes, she does No, she doesn’tYes, he does No, he doesn’tYes, it does No, it doesn’tYes, we do No, we don’tYes, you do No, you don’tYes, they do No, they don’t
  17. 17. PRESENTE SIMPLE ¿Cuándo se utiliza el Presente Simple?1. Para expresar acciones habituales I get up at seven o’clock in the morning Get up Have a shower Have Clean my Go to school breakfast teeth
  18. 18. Video activity
  19. 19. PRESENTE SIMPLE ¿Cuándo se utiliza el Presente Simple?2. Para expresar verdades universales The Sun rises in the east
  20. 20. is0default Simple Present, Exercise on Use facts Put the verbs into the correct form. 6. Paris__________the capital of France. 7. Hamlet ___________a play by Shakespeare. 8. Mount Everest____________a height of 8848 metres. 9. Water _____ at 100°C. 10. Ice_________at 0°C. 11. The river Thames___________ past the Houses of Parliament. 12. The Olympic Games_______every four years. 13. A waiter___________in a restaurant. 14. The earth __________ around the sun in approximately 365 days. 15. My father__________ English.
  21. 21. is0default Simple Present, Exercise on Use facts Put the verbs into the correct form. •Paris is the capital of France. •Hamlet is a play by Shakespeare. •Mount Everest reaches a height of 8848 metres. •Water boils at 100°C. •Ice melts at 0°C. •The river Thames flows past the Houses of Parliament. •The Olympic Games take place every four years. •A waiter works in a restaurant. •The earth travels around the sun in approximately 365 days. •My father speaks English.
  22. 22. PRESENTE SIMPLE ¿Cuándo se utiliza el Presente Simple?3. Para expresar gustos emociones , actividad mental y preferencias I like football
  23. 23. like Simple Present, Exercise on Use verbs of possession, senses, emotions and mental activity.•I like pizza.•He hates garlic.•My sister prefers tea to coffee.•I want to get away from here.•She does not understand me.•I do not believe it.•I do not know why you are so mean.•We do not think that this is right.•What does it mean?•Do you hear the music?