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Digital tools for Improving the Editions of Cryptic Scrolls from Qumran EVA/ Minerva conference 10.11.14 
Jonathan Ben-Dov...
Digital tools for Improving the Editions of Cryptic Scrolls from Qumran 
The project is carried out with the following par...
Cryptic A - The alphabet 
Source: S.J. Pfann, “The Mount Zion Inscribed Stone Cup: Preliminary Observations”, New Studies ...
The Editorial Team 
Josef T. Milik
From the Website (www. Dead Sea Scrolls.org.il): 
The imaging technology used in this project is an innovative MegaVision ...
2013 1956
Cryptic A manuscripts: 
•Parchment: 
-4Q298 – “Words of the Maskil” 
-4Q317 – “Lunisolar Calendar” 
-4Q324d-I 4QCryptic A ...
Texts in Cryptic A script 
4Q249 pap Midrash/Sepher Moshe
Texts in Cryptic A script 
Serekh ha-’Edah 
et al. 
(in DJD 4Q249a-z) 
Parts of 4Q249a-i 
(Inv. Plate 590) 
courtesy 
Isra...
Texts in Cryptic A script 
4Q250 pap Identified? Including “Text containing Cultic Service”, “Text with Relation to Isa 11...
Writing on horizontal fibers 
Writing on vertical fibers (4Q250)
Texts in Cryptic A script 
4Q298 “Words of the Maskil to All the Sons of Dawn” 
4Q324c-g Calendrical 
Texts / Mishmarot
Texts in Cryptic A script 
4Q317 “Phases of the Moon” 
/ Liturgical Calendar”
PALIMPSEST: 4Q249 frgs 3, 10 
www.deadseascrolls.org.il
Famous Palimpsests 
•Archimedes Palimpsest Video 
•Latin Jubilees 
•)Ambrosiana(
Sorting fragments and reconstructing manuscripts: Milik’s reconstruction of 4Q249
Pfann’s division of 4Q249
Serekh ha-Edah 4Q249e 1 ii = 1QSa I 24-26 4Q249e 1 i = 1QSa I 
24 ]העד[ ה] לשרי[ ם] ולשופטים למספר[ 1 
2 כ̇ו̇ל̇ צ̇ ]ותם על...
Serekh ha-Edah 
4Q249e 1 ii = 1QSa I 24-26?
מטרות הפרוייקט 
• קרי ות חדשות מצעות התמונות המשופרות 
• חלוקה מחודשת של כל הקטעים לכתבי היד 
המקוריים 
• מהדורה חדשה של כ...
Algorithmic Analyses (applied by Dershowitz and Wolff to Genizah fragments) 
•Register (combine multiple images) 
•Binariz...
IAA 
40.974 + 40.633 
43.410
Binarize: 4Q249 
Slides courtesy N. Dershowitz
Crop and Papyrus Texture Map 
Cropped 
Texture map
Edge Detection
Magnitude and Direction
Directed Ridge Detection
Zoomed
Detected Ridges (Zoom-In (
Puzzling
Part II Unique Problems of DSS Research 
1.Locating old and new photos 
2.Matching old and New Photos 
3.Copyright
Availability of fragments
Availability of fragments 
PAM 40.633 PAM 43.410 IAA
Copyright and Open Access Publication
C3 jonathan ben_dov_cripticscrollsqumran
C3 jonathan ben_dov_cripticscrollsqumran
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2014 EVA/Minerva Jerusalem International Conference on Digitisation of Cultural Heritage
http://2014.minervaisrael.org.il
http://www.digital-heritage.org.il

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C3 jonathan ben_dov_cripticscrollsqumran

  1. 1. Digital tools for Improving the Editions of Cryptic Scrolls from Qumran EVA/ Minerva conference 10.11.14 Jonathan Ben-Dov, University of Haifa Israel Science Foundation, grant number 1330/14
  2. 2. Digital tools for Improving the Editions of Cryptic Scrolls from Qumran The project is carried out with the following partners: Nachum Derschowitz and Lior Wolff (Tel-Aviv University), Daniel Stoekl Ben-Ezra (EPHE, Paris), and the graduate student Asaf Gayer (Haifa).
  3. 3. Cryptic A - The alphabet Source: S.J. Pfann, “The Mount Zion Inscribed Stone Cup: Preliminary Observations”, New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and its Region IV (2010), *44-*53
  4. 4. The Editorial Team Josef T. Milik
  5. 5. From the Website (www. Dead Sea Scrolls.org.il): The imaging technology used in this project is an innovative MegaVision product that enables the digital imaging of every Scroll fragment in various wavelengths and in the highest resolution possible. This will allow long term monitoring for preservation purposes in a non-invasive and precise manner. The images are equal in quality to the actual physical Imaging a plate in three visible wavelengths in the IAA studio viewing of the Scrolls, thus eliminating the need for their repeated exposure and allowing their preservation for future generations. The technology also helps recover traces of writing that have faded to invisibility over the years, with the help of near-infrared wavelengths. Leon Levy Library Video
  6. 6. 2013 1956
  7. 7. Cryptic A manuscripts: •Parchment: -4Q298 – “Words of the Maskil” -4Q317 – “Lunisolar Calendar” -4Q324d-I 4QCryptic A Liturgical Calendar – Mishmarot •Papyri: -4Q249 – Midrash Sefer Moshe -4Q249a-z (a-i – Serekh Ha’Edah) -4Q250
  8. 8. Texts in Cryptic A script 4Q249 pap Midrash/Sepher Moshe
  9. 9. Texts in Cryptic A script Serekh ha-’Edah et al. (in DJD 4Q249a-z) Parts of 4Q249a-i (Inv. Plate 590) courtesy Israel Antiquities Authority
  10. 10. Texts in Cryptic A script 4Q250 pap Identified? Including “Text containing Cultic Service”, “Text with Relation to Isa 11”. (in DJD 4Q250a-j)
  11. 11. Writing on horizontal fibers Writing on vertical fibers (4Q250)
  12. 12. Texts in Cryptic A script 4Q298 “Words of the Maskil to All the Sons of Dawn” 4Q324c-g Calendrical Texts / Mishmarot
  13. 13. Texts in Cryptic A script 4Q317 “Phases of the Moon” / Liturgical Calendar”
  14. 14. PALIMPSEST: 4Q249 frgs 3, 10 www.deadseascrolls.org.il
  15. 15. Famous Palimpsests •Archimedes Palimpsest Video •Latin Jubilees •)Ambrosiana(
  16. 16. Sorting fragments and reconstructing manuscripts: Milik’s reconstruction of 4Q249
  17. 17. Pfann’s division of 4Q249
  18. 18. Serekh ha-Edah 4Q249e 1 ii = 1QSa I 24-26 4Q249e 1 i = 1QSa I 24 ]העד[ ה] לשרי[ ם] ולשופטים למספר[ 1 2 כ̇ו̇ל̇ צ̇ ]ותם על פי ני צדוק הכוהנים[ 3 25 וכול ר ]שי ות העדה ו ם תעודה תהיה[ 4 לכול ה]קהל למשפט ו 26 לעצת יחד ו[ 5 ]לת[ ע ]ודת מלחמה וקדשום שלושת ימים להיות[ 1 18 מוע[ט זה 4 20 להתיצ[ שוליים: ומ
  19. 19. Serekh ha-Edah 4Q249e 1 ii = 1QSa I 24-26?
  20. 20. מטרות הפרוייקט • קרי ות חדשות מצעות התמונות המשופרות • חלוקה מחודשת של כל הקטעים לכתבי היד המקוריים • מהדורה חדשה של כל הקטעים כת סתרים
  21. 21. Algorithmic Analyses (applied by Dershowitz and Wolff to Genizah fragments) •Register (combine multiple images) •Binarize (separate text from background) •Cluster (match similar letters) •Classify (match styles) •Match (match handwriting) •Position (use texture and shape to position) 23
  22. 22. IAA 40.974 + 40.633 43.410
  23. 23. Binarize: 4Q249 Slides courtesy N. Dershowitz
  24. 24. Crop and Papyrus Texture Map Cropped Texture map
  25. 25. Edge Detection
  26. 26. Magnitude and Direction
  27. 27. Directed Ridge Detection
  28. 28. Zoomed
  29. 29. Detected Ridges (Zoom-In (
  30. 30. Puzzling
  31. 31. Part II Unique Problems of DSS Research 1.Locating old and new photos 2.Matching old and New Photos 3.Copyright
  32. 32. Availability of fragments
  33. 33. Availability of fragments PAM 40.633 PAM 43.410 IAA
  34. 34. Copyright and Open Access Publication

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