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G7 menahem katz_hillelgershuni_textualvariants

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Menachem Katz, The Open University of Israel, The Friedberg Jewish Manuscript Society
Hillel Gershuni, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, The Friedberg Jewish Manuscript Society
Categorization of Textual Variants in Digital Synopses and its Research Potential
2016 EVA/Minerva Jerusalem International Conference on Digitisation of Cultural Heritage
http://2016.minervaisrael.org.il
http://www.digital-heritage.org.il

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G7 menahem katz_hillelgershuni_textualvariants

  1. 1. 1 12/7/20161 1 Menachem Katz ‫דיגיטלי‬ ‫סינופטי‬ ‫במאגר‬ ‫נוסח‬ ‫חילופי‬ ‫של‬ ‫סיווגם‬ ‫בו‬ ‫הגלומות‬ ‫והאפשרויות‬ Categorization of Textual Variants in Digital Synopses and its Research Potential Menachem Katz Hillel Gershuni Academic Director The Friedberg Jewish Manuscript Society ‫יד‬ ‫כתבי‬ ‫חקר‬ ‫לקידום‬ ‫העמותה‬ EVA / Minerva 2016 XIIth Conference, July 10th, Jerusalem
  2. 2. 2 Menachem Katz Classical critical editions Sifre Bemidbar, Kahana (2011- 2015) Sifre Dvrarim, Finkelstein (1940)
  3. 3. 3 Menachem Katz Various types of printed Talmudic variations Dikduke Sofrim HashalemGemara Shlema, Nae Dikduke Sofrim, Rabinovich Steinsaltz edition
  4. 4. 4 Menachem Katz Synopses Lines synopsis – Bava Metzia, S.Y. FriedmanColumns synopsis – Yerushalmi, Tubingen
  5. 5. 5 Menachem Katz Diplomatic and Photo editions Bavli A.z. – Ms. JTS Rab. 15, photo edition Yerushalmi ms. Leiden, Hebrew Academy
  6. 6. 6 Menachem Katz Digitized editions – A new era Friedberg’s “Hachi Garsinan” project fully uses the advantages of the digitized edition:  For the first time, we can offer various sorts of editions  No lack of space  Maximum flexibility
  7. 7. 7 Menachem Katz 7 High- Resolution image & Visual transcription – Photo edition AND diplomatic edition in one place
  8. 8. 8 Menachem Katz 8 The site can present 2 types of diplomatic edition: Visual Transcript & Classical Transcript Classical TranscriptVisual Transcript
  9. 9. 9 Menachem Katz 9 Columns Synopsis
  10. 10. 10 Menachem Katz 10 Lines Synopsis
  11. 11. 11 Menachem Katz 11 Textual variations on Vilna page
  12. 12. 12 Menachem Katz How can we display only “major” variations?  If we present all of the variations, the significant data will be hard to notice within the noise.  If we present only what we think is “major”, we could miss variations that the user think is indeed major.  The difference between the types of users make the mission even harder.
  13. 13. 13 Menachem Katz How detailed should it be? Two different approaches Sifre Bemidbar, KahanaMishna Ketubbot, Brody
  14. 14. 14 Menachem Katz The mission: Teaching the computer to single out the “major” variations Bavli Ta’anit, 30a
  15. 15. 15 Menachem Katz Taking the opposite direction: singling out the “minor” variations instead  The computer cannot know which of the variations is major.  We can teach it what variation is probably minor.
  16. 16. 16 Menachem Katz 16 Textual equivalencies
  17. 17. 17 Menachem Katz Categories of Equivalency – Group A  Abbreviations and their full versions [‫אמ‬'–‫אמר‬]  Acronyms and their full versions [‫אע‬"‫פ‬–‫פי‬ ‫על‬ ‫אף‬]  Variations in the way numbers are written [‫ג‬'–‫שלוש‬]  Vocalizing vowels and their omission [‫קבל‬–‫קיבל‬]  The way of writing G-d's name [‫ה‬'–‫ייי‬]  Partial textual fault (tear or blurring) [‫בר‬...‫ת‬–‫בראשית‬]  Words joined together [‫עולם‬ ‫של‬–‫שלעולם‬]  Graphic variants [‫כעכין‬–‫כעבין‬]  Phonetic variants [‫כעור‬–‫כאור‬]
  18. 18. 18 Menachem Katz Categories of Equivalency – Group B  Linguistic variants [‫עומדין‬–‫עומדים‬]  Letters that signify prepositions and their omission [‫לשם‬–‫שם‬]  Semantic variants [‫גוי‬–‫נכרי‬]  Variations in personal names [‫לקיש‬ ‫ריש‬–‫ר‬'‫לקיש‬ ‫בן‬ ‫שמעון‬]  Variations in place names [ ‫אלכסנדריה‬-‫אלסכנדריה‬ ]  Shortening or lengthening of Verses (Psukim)
  19. 19. 19 Menachem Katz Now we can emphasize the major changes
  20. 20. 20 Menachem Katz …And also emphasize what other people would think is minor, but we think is the real deal
  21. 21. 21 Menachem Katz What’s next?  Searching not only for words, but also for variations?  Searching for frequent non-equivalent variations? 12Count ‫רבינא‬‫רבא‬790 ‫שמואל‬‫רב‬661 ‫אסי‬‫אמי‬657 ‫יוסי‬‫יהודה‬534 12Count ‫מותרין‬‫מותר‬792 ‫כיצד‬‫צד‬ ‫זה‬ ‫כאי‬787 ‫שמעת‬‫שמע‬680 ‫חכמ‬'‫חכם‬679 12Count ‫כוכבים‬ ‫עובד‬‫נכרי‬748 ‫נכרים‬‫גוים‬686
  22. 22. 22 Menachem Katz Lines synopsis combined with categorization – a new powerful tool
  23. 23. 31 12/7/201631 31 Menachem Katz ‫דיגיטלי‬ ‫סינופטי‬ ‫במאגר‬ ‫נוסח‬ ‫חילופי‬ ‫של‬ ‫סיווגם‬ ‫בו‬ ‫הגלומות‬ ‫והאפשרויות‬ Categorization of Textual Variants in Digital Synopses and its Research Potential Menachem Katz Hillel Gershuni Academic Director The Friedberg Jewish Manuscript Society ‫יד‬ ‫כתבי‬ ‫חקר‬ ‫לקידום‬ ‫העמותה‬ EVA / Minerva 2016 XIIth Conference, July 10th, Jerusalem

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