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“The Filipinos possessed an elaborate civilization 
in the past. This achievement didn’t become part 
of the Filipino cons...
CRITERIA FOR CLASSIFYING SOCIETIES 
INTO CLASSIFIED OR NON-CLASSIFIED:
CRITERIA FOR CLASSIFYING SOCIETIES 
INTO CLASSIFIED OR NON-CLASSIFIED:
of
GOLD ACCESSORIES 
BARO / CAMISA 
SAYA / PATADYONG
PUTONG 
KANGGAN 
BAHAG 
GOLD ACCESSORIES
• Composed of 30 – 100 families 
• Derived from the Malay word “balangay” meaning boat 
• Ruled by a chieftain called Datu...
• Barangays concluded a treaty of friendship and alliance 
through this ritual
• One of the earliest examples of the written laws
• Trial by ordeal 
• Trial by combat
Early Filipinos worshipped a Supreme Being they 
called Bathalang Maykapal. 
Minor deities they worshipped: 
• Idianale – ...
The pre-Spanish Filipinos worshipped nature, the sun, 
the moon, the animals, the birds and even old trees. 
They believed...
• Pre-Spanish Filipinos performed circumcision of 
their sons, a special rite done “for their health and 
cleanliness” 
• ...
• The Tagalogs had a different form of puberty 
rituals. Young girls who had their menstruations 
were blindfolded for fou...
and
• Mourning for a dead chieftain was called Laraw; for a dead man 
Maglahe; for a dead woman Morotal. 
• Early Filipinos be...
• Their alphabet, from Asokan (Indian) origin consisted of 
17 letters with 3 vowels and 14 consonants. 
• They used iron-...
The eight major languages spoken by the 
ancient Filipinos were Tagalog, Ilokano, 
Pangasinense, Kapampangan, Sugbuhanon, ...
• Kudyapi 
• Tulogan 
• Silbay 
• Kutibeng
and 
• Balitaw - Visayan folk song 
• Dandansoy – Visayan tuba dance 
• Kumintang – Tagalog love dance 
• Mahinhin – Tagal...
• Agriculture was the main source of livelihood of the Filipinos. 
• Two systems of land cultivation: 
 Kaingin System (u...
• Other industries were mining, shipbuilding, fishing, lumbering, weaving, 
poultry and livestock. 
• Inter- baranganic tr...
Legaspi concludes that the natives were lazy and that they 
did not have the motivation to accumulate wealth. He did not 
...
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines
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Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines

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Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines

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Pre Colonial Life and Culture in the Philippines

  1. 1. “The Filipinos possessed an elaborate civilization in the past. This achievement didn’t become part of the Filipino consciousness, even today, because of the advent of colonization during which a systematic distortion of our perceptive about ourselves was carried out.” - The Vision of Our Future Must Be Rooted On Our Image of the Past By: Prof. Landa F. Jocano
  2. 2. CRITERIA FOR CLASSIFYING SOCIETIES INTO CLASSIFIED OR NON-CLASSIFIED:
  3. 3. CRITERIA FOR CLASSIFYING SOCIETIES INTO CLASSIFIED OR NON-CLASSIFIED:
  4. 4. of
  5. 5. GOLD ACCESSORIES BARO / CAMISA SAYA / PATADYONG
  6. 6. PUTONG KANGGAN BAHAG GOLD ACCESSORIES
  7. 7. • Composed of 30 – 100 families • Derived from the Malay word “balangay” meaning boat • Ruled by a chieftain called Datu, Hari or Raja (in Muslim communities)
  8. 8. • Barangays concluded a treaty of friendship and alliance through this ritual
  9. 9. • One of the earliest examples of the written laws
  10. 10. • Trial by ordeal • Trial by combat
  11. 11. Early Filipinos worshipped a Supreme Being they called Bathalang Maykapal. Minor deities they worshipped: • Idianale – god of agriculture • Sidapa – god of death • Agni – god of fire • Mandarangan – god of war • Lalahon – goddess of harvest • Siginarugan – god of hell
  12. 12. The pre-Spanish Filipinos worshipped nature, the sun, the moon, the animals, the birds and even old trees. They believed in ancestral spirits called anitos by the Tagalogs and diwatas by the Visayans. The babaylan and katalona are priestesses who perform ritual offerings of sacrifice.
  13. 13. • Pre-Spanish Filipinos performed circumcision of their sons, a special rite done “for their health and cleanliness” • Among the Visayans, it was puberty that men “skilfully made a hole in their virile member near its head, fastened it with a peg of the same material”. • Young girls from the age of 6 and upward were “gradually opened” by certain men tasked to such function
  14. 14. • The Tagalogs had a different form of puberty rituals. Young girls who had their menstruations were blindfolded for four nights. Then a feast was given to friends and relatives. The Katalona bathe the young girl in the river and remove the blindfold. • Filipinos also used potions for sexual malfunctioning.
  15. 15. and
  16. 16. • Mourning for a dead chieftain was called Laraw; for a dead man Maglahe; for a dead woman Morotal. • Early Filipinos believed that the tattoo was a passport to the other world. • Sudden death of a man killed by sword, lightning or crocodile were considered honourable and his soul went straight to Caluwalhatian by means of a rainbow.
  17. 17. • Their alphabet, from Asokan (Indian) origin consisted of 17 letters with 3 vowels and 14 consonants. • They used iron-pointed pens and wrote on tree boards, bamboo tubes and leaves of plants.
  18. 18. The eight major languages spoken by the ancient Filipinos were Tagalog, Ilokano, Pangasinense, Kapampangan, Sugbuhanon, Hiligaynon, Samarnon and Maguindanaw. Malayo-Polynesian language is the mother tongue of Malay and Pacific races
  19. 19. • Kudyapi • Tulogan • Silbay • Kutibeng
  20. 20. and • Balitaw - Visayan folk song • Dandansoy – Visayan tuba dance • Kumintang – Tagalog love dance • Mahinhin – Tagalog courtship dance • Kinnotan • Tadek – Tinggian love dance
  21. 21. • Agriculture was the main source of livelihood of the Filipinos. • Two systems of land cultivation:  Kaingin System (upland)  Tillage System (lowland) • Two systems of land holding:  Private  Public
  22. 22. • Other industries were mining, shipbuilding, fishing, lumbering, weaving, poultry and livestock. • Inter- baranganic trade and commerce was carried through the water system. • Early Filipinos traded with countries like Japan, Thailand, India, Old Malaysia and Indonesia. • The system of weights facilitated their commercial transactions.
  23. 23. Legaspi concludes that the natives were lazy and that they did not have the motivation to accumulate wealth. He did not understand that precisely, this was the nature or character of subsistence economy where everyone just worked for what he immediately needed and that was all. Besides, there was no parasitic class to exploit the labor of others for its benefit.

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