The peopling of the philippines

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The peopling of the philippines

  1. 1.  In 1897, R. Virchow made the first critical assessment of the existing data about peopling of the Philippines by using skull analysis data.
  2. 2.  Wilhelm Schmidt referred to the family of languages spoken from Taiwan to New Zealand and Madagascar to Easter Island.
  3. 3.  During Pleistocene period, large tracts of land of submerged Sunda shelf have been exposed to the surface
  4. 4.  Fossils of Java man retrieved from diff. sites of central Java  Dated back 1.3-0.5 million years ago
  5. 5.  Tabon Caves (Palawan) are one of the most significant archeological sites in the Philippines
  6. 6.  The caves have yielded tibia fragments and a mandible dated 47,000-31,000 years ago  complement to the skull of the so-called Tabon man dated 16,500 years ago
  7. 7.  Discovery of Paleolithic cultural remains beyond the Huxley’s Line, in Southwest Sulawesi, Eastern Timor, and in Luzon, in the Cagayan Valley
  8. 8.  Paleolithic stone tools found in Arubo, Nueva Ecija and other sites in Rizal Province, Davao, Taal, Novaliches and Balukbuk but without geological context.
  9. 9.  They were the direct descendants of the Java Homo Sapiens  Noah’s Ark model claim that Sundaland Homo Erectus disappeared before being replaced by Homo Sapiens from Africa.
  10. 10.  “Isolation stance” model – infrequent contacts with the culturally Austronesian speakers  Interdependent model of evolution- strong trading interactions have been maintained between Negritos and Austronesian speakers for 1,000- 3,000 years
  11. 11.  Second inhibitors of the archipelago  Associated with the Neolithic cultural stage
  12. 12.  Inhabitants of the Philippines as indigenous people who have undergone a long period of internal development  They are exogenous, implying movements of people
  13. 13.  Defends that the homeland speakers lies within the wide triangle called Austronesia  Insists the period of internal development  Origin of the current cultural and linguistic differences
  14. 14.  Contests existence of large group of people migrations for various reason: -shaky date concordance bet. linguistic and archeological proofs -serious competition with previous residents

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