The peopling of the philippines (2)


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The peopling of the philippines (2)

  1. 1. A Cartographic Synthesis
  2. 2.  In 1897, R. Virchow made the first critical assessment of the existing data about peopling of the Philippines by using skull analysis data.
  3. 3.  Wilhelm Schmidt referred to the family of languages spoken from Taiwan to New Zealand and Madagascar to Easter Island.
  4. 4.  During Pleistocene period, large tracts of land of submerged Sunda shelf have been exposed to the surface
  5. 5.  Fossils of Java man retrieved from diff. sites of central Java  Dated back 1.3-0.5 million years ago
  6. 6.  Tabon Caves (Palawan) are one of the most significant archeological sites in the Philippines
  7. 7.  The caves have yielded tibia fragments and a mandible dated 47,000- 31,000 years ago  complement to the skull of the so-called Tabon man dated 16,500 years ago
  8. 8.  Discovery of Paleolithic cultural remains beyond the Huxley’s Line, in Southwest Sulawesi, Eastern Timor, and in Luzon, in the Cagayan Valley
  9. 9.  Paleolithic stone tools found in Arubo, Nueva Ecija and other sites in Rizal Province, Davao, Taal, N ovaliches and Balukbuk but without geological context.
  10. 10. Sundaland occupied from 1.3 million years ago to present by early Homo Erectus, then Homo Sapiens and finally Homo Sapiens Sapiens
  11. 11.  They were the direct descendants of the Java Homo Sapiens  Noah’s Ark model claim that Sundaland Homo Erectus disappeared before being replaced by Homo Sapiens from Africa.
  12. 12. Ancestors of Negritos are the early hunter-gatherer hominids occupied the Philippines during Paleolithic period
  13. 13.  “Isolation stance” model – infrequent contacts with the culturally Austronesian speakers  Interdependent model of evolution- strong trading interactions have been maintained between Negritos and Austronesian speakers for 1,000-3,000 years
  14. 14.  Second inhibitors of the archipelago  Associated with the Neolithic cultural stage
  15. 15.  Inhabitants of the Philippines as indigenous people who have undergone a long period of internal development  They are exogenous, implying movements of people
  16. 16.  Defends that the homeland speakers lies within the wide triangle called Austronesia  Insists the period of internal development  Origin of the current cultural and linguistic differences
  17. 17.  Contests existence of large group of people migrations for various reason: -shaky date concordance bet. linguistic and archeological proofs -serious competition with previous residents
  18. 18. ….be the JUDGE.
  19. 19. Presented by: Maigue, Milcah Alviar, David Catacutan, Tristan Opida, Constantine Carpio, Ferdie Marc Maranan, Jaymar