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Pacific Islands Ppt


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Pacific Islands Ppt

  1. 1. The History & Culture of the Pacific Islands
  2. 2. TIMELINE Many of the Islands became independent. After WWII (1942) Japan occupied much of the Western Pacific. 1914 AD Occupation of many Islands by various European countries, USA and Japan 19 th Century Russians, French, British Explorers arrive in the Pacific, notably James Cook. He made 3 voyages and studied and mapped the Pacific Islands extensively. 18 th Century Dutchman Abel Tasman discovered Tasmania and New Zealand 1642 AD Mexican Conquistadors led by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi sailed to Philippines and Mariana Islands 1564 AD Portuguese Explorer Ferdinand Magellan 1 st European to sail Pacific Islands 1519 AD Spanish Explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa 1 st European to sight the Pacific Islands 1513 AD Polynesia inhabited inc. Hawaii 7 th – 13 th Century Migration reached Fiji 3500 Yrs. Ago Continued to migrate, populated Micronesia 5000 Yrs. Ago Southeast Asian migrants – New Guinea and Melanesia. Ice Age
  3. 3. THE FIRST TO ARRIVE!!!! <ul><li>Believed to be first discovered in the Ice Age, the Pacific Islands of Melanesia where the first to be inhabited by people. </li></ul><ul><li>The people migrated from Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pacific Islands were not as separated as they are today, due to lower sea levels, which allowed the migrants to cross the water in canoes and small boats. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Melanesia <ul><li>People native to Melanesia have distinctive dark skin and tightly curled hair. </li></ul><ul><li>Original inhabitants migrated to Melanesia area approx. 30,000 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>However Fiji has natives who resemble Polynesians, thought to be due to their Indian ancestry. </li></ul>Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and surrounding islands. Melanesians comprise ¾ of the indigenous population of the islands.
  5. 5. SOUTHEAST ASIAN HERITAGE <ul><li>A small group of Melanesian people are thought to of continued exploring, thus linking the islands of the Polynesia and Micronesia regions genetically. All of the native island people in the Pacific have Southeast Asian heritage. </li></ul><ul><li>Polynesians and Micronesians are thought to be genetically linked to Melanesian ancestors, however this is contradicted by some studies. </li></ul>Contradict: Disagree with or oppose.
  6. 6. Micronesia <ul><li>People of Micronesia have Mongoloid characteristics including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighter skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark hair that is straight or wavy (not curled) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>On some islands however tan and dark-skinned people, similar to Melanesians can be found. </li></ul><ul><li>Micronesians generally live in coastal villages. </li></ul><ul><li>The Micronesian culture was one of the last native cultures to develop in the region. </li></ul>Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Guam, Palau, Nauru etc. Typical dwellings are thatched, single-room houses. With separate cooking huts . MONGOLOID: A term used to describe the people of East Asia.
  7. 7. MICRONESIA CONT. <ul><li>The islands in the Micronesia region would, be ruled by Europeans quite early on. </li></ul><ul><li>By the early 20 th century the Micronesian islands would be colonised by the U.S.A, Germany and the British Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, most of the Micronesian Islands are independent, with the exception of a few, e.g. Guam, which is governed by the U.S.A. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Polynesia <ul><li>Culture, language and physical appearance are very alike across all the islands in Polynesia. </li></ul><ul><li>Features are Mongoloid and are generally taller and lighter – skinned than Micronesians and Melanesians. </li></ul><ul><li>Hair not curled, instead either straight or wavy. </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for the Giant Stone Statues on Easter Island. </li></ul>Tonga, Pitcairn, Hawaii, New Zealand and surrounding islands.
  9. 9. CULTURES OF POLYNESIA <ul><li>Polynesia divides into two distinct cultural groups, East Polynesia and West Polynesia. </li></ul><ul><li>The culture of West Polynesia is conditioned to high populations. It has strong institutions of marriage and well-developed judicial, monetary and trading traditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Polynesian cultures are highly adapted to smaller islands and atolls. </li></ul><ul><li>The large islands of New Zealand were first settled by Eastern Polynesians who adapted their culture to a non-tropical environment. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tattoos <ul><li>Tattoos were important to many Pacific Island Cultures. Here is a video on the Polynesian tattoo. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>People came to the Pacific Region over several thousand years. The origins of these people can be traced to : </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Europe </li></ul><ul><li>America </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul>TODAY !!! Many Vietnamese and Filipino people migrate to the Islands.
  12. 12. VENN DIAGRAM Draw a Venn Diagram to compare the cultures/people of Melanesia and Polynesia
  13. 13. EUROPEAN EXPLORATION <ul><li>Began in 16 th Century by the 18 th Century many of the islands were colonies of European countries, Japan, Germany and the USA. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan had colonised much of the Western Pacific, after WWII when Japan was defeated, many of these colonies became independent. </li></ul>
  14. 14. WESTERN INFLUNCES <ul><li>Many elements of western lifestyle have been adopted including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Styles of dress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health and education programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural and fishing techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telecommunications. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most western influence in larger cities, still many more traditional areas particularly in centres of larger islands and on islands that are more isolated. </li></ul>