UIMP Visiones Internacionales desde España y Nuevos escenarios estrategicos s.XXI: Globalization, Communications & Technology
Anthony GiddensDirector of the London School of Economics.Among his 34 books are The Third Way: TheRenewal of Social Democracy, The Third Wayand Its Critics, and Runaway World : HowGlobalization is Reshaping Our Lives.Anthony Giddens is the most widely-read andcited social theorist of his generation.His ideas about Globalization have profoundlyinfluenced the writing and teaching of sociologyand social theory around the world.Frequently referred to as Tony Blairs guru,Giddens has made a strong impact on theevolution of New Labour.
Anthony GiddensWe live in an era of unprecedentedglobalization. that change is more often than not attributed exclusively to theconvergence of technology with thefinancial markets. But too often, the larger point is missed: we have a historic opportunity."we have the chance to take over where the 20th century failed,and a key project for us is to drag the history of the 21st century away from that of the 20th.“ http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/giddens/giddens_index.html
Guidden‟s conclusionsThere are five areas where global institutionsneed to be further developed: 1. Governance of the world economy 2. Global Ecological management 3. Regulation of corporate power 4. Warfare control 5. Fostering Transnational Democracy (Giddens 2000, p. 124).
Extended (my) conclusionsSame global basic principles & patterns wehave seen after first century of globalization willapply for the second stage.Human communications, driven & enriched by: 1. wireless technology 2. mobile internet services & 3. global communities......will accelerate exponentially social, political &economical transformations. (@efernandez #visiones21 #UIMP – August 2011).
World Global Economy Nation-states are main actors within global political order Corporations are the dominant agents within the world economy. In their trading relations, and with consumers, companies … depend upon production for profit. Their increasing global influence creates world extension of commodity markets, including money markets.
World Global EconomyThe turnover of multinational companies mightbe bigger than GDP of most states.But nation states are still generically much morepowerful.Reasons are: 1. Control of Territory. 2. Military force. 3. Law system & Enforcement. (Giddens 2000, p. 122).
How will globalization affect the nation-state?Globalization affects the nation-state in 3 ways1. Globalization, especially the global marketplace, takes certain powers away from the nation-state. • Nation-states are not as in command of their economic futures as they used to be.2. The more we globalize, the more we localize. • Globalization creates new possibilities and motivations for local cultural autonomy and identities.3. Emergence of regional groupings or “regional states”. • Globalization also pushes sideways. Giddens refers to Catalonia as an example of this in the context of UE.
International Division of LaborThere has been a major expansion of global interdependencein the division of labor since the Second World War.Shifts happened in the worldwide distribution of production: 1. Deindustrialization of some regions in the developed countries 2. Emergence of the Newly Industrializing Countries in the Third World (Giddens 1990, p. 76).
Social movementsGiddens has identified four areas in which social movements operate inmodern societies:1. Democratic work for political rights2. Labor work for control of the workplace3. Ecological concerned with the environment4. Peace work toward, well, peace
Social Communities„Globalization from below‟:Involving millions of people and organized groups of all kinds.An infrastructure of global civil society built by these changes.It can be indexed by the growing number of Non-GovernmentalOrganizations: • In 1950 there were only 200-300 NGOs. • Now there are more than 10,000, trend is sharply upwards (Giddens 2000, p. 123).
“ The driving force of the newglobalization is the communications revolution."Beyond its effects on the financial markets and corporations, This revolution is fundamentally altering individuals and the way society & public institutions interact.
Definition of Globalizationin the context of communications “Globalization can be defined as theintensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa.”
Dimensions of modernity & communications Giddens maintains that the dynamism of modernity is reliant on the following:1. Separation of time and space: • The condition of time-space distanciation.2. Disembedding of social systems: • The lifting out of social relations from local context.3. Reflexive appropriation of knowledge/Reflexivity. • A process through which social practices are constantly examined and reformed.