APA References

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A short overview of how to create reference entries and in-text citations in APA.

Published in: Education, Technology

APA References

  1. 1. APA BASICS<br /> Creating a References Page & Citing Sources in your Text <br />
  2. 2. What is APA Style?<br />Created by the American Psychological Association.<br />Used in many technical and social sciences fields.<br />Usually required for publication in those fields.<br />Required for government publication.<br />
  3. 3. Why use APA Style?<br />Provides a uniform method of identifying sources used in a paper.<br />Makes it easy for readers to refer directly to your sources if they need or want to.<br />Required by your instructors.<br />
  4. 4. Using a source in APA<br />Record the required information for the reference page when you locate a source.<br />Record the required information and page number (if available) as you take notes.<br />These two pieces of information will work together to make your use of APA Style complete.<br />
  5. 5. General Periodicals<br />Author’s last name & first initial <br />Date of publication<br />Title of article<br />Title of periodical<br />Page numbers for entire article<br />Kawasaki, G. (2009, June) Website marketing turnoffs. Entrepreneur, 30.<br />Stafford, D. (2009, October 11) The human side of the internet. The Kansas City Star, H1. <br />
  6. 6. Scholarly Journals<br />Author’s last name & first initial <br />Date of publication<br />Title of article<br />Title of periodical<br />Volume and issue numbers<br />Page numbers for entire article<br />Selber, S. (2009) Institutional dimensions of academic computing. College Composition and Communication, 61(1) 10-34.<br />
  7. 7. Print vs.Electronic Sources<br />Author’s last name & first initial <br />Date of publication<br />Title of article<br />Title of periodical<br />Volume number (if applicable)<br />Page numbers for entire article<br />Retrieval information<br />Date<br />Location<br />Payne, B. K. and Gainey, R. (2003) Understanding and developing controversial issues in college courses. College Teaching 51(2), 52-57. <br />Payne, B. K. and Gainey, R. (2003) Understanding and developing controversial issues in college courses. College Teaching 51(2), 52-57. Retrieved October 14, 2009, from Questia database.<br />
  8. 8. From a Website<br />Article published on a website:<br />Author’s last name & first initial <br />Date of publication<br />Title of article<br />Title of website<br />Retrieval<br />Article republished on a website: Add retrieval information.<br />Date<br />Location<br />DrobnicHolan, A. (2009, July 30) E-mail ‘analysis of health bill needs a check-up. Retrieved on October 14, 2009 from http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2009/jul/30/e-mail-analysis-health-bill-needs-check-/<br />Payne, B. K. and Gainey, R. (2003) Understanding and developing controversial issues in college courses. College Teaching 51(2), 52-57. Retrieved October 13, 2009, from http://www.procon.org/viewresource.asp?resourceID=2016<br />
  9. 9. Information for a Book<br />Author’s last name & first initial<br />Year of publication<br />Title of book<br />If it is a chapter in a book, list the title of the chapter first. Place the word In before the title of the book.<br />List editors, if known.<br />Place of publication<br />Publisher<br />Zinsser, W. (1998) On writing well: The classic guide to writing nonfiction. New York: HarperCollins.<br />Parks, P. M. (2009) Tech etiquette. In Executive Image Power. San Francisco: Power Dynamics Publishing.<br />
  10. 10. Coordinating References with Notes and Citations<br />Every in-text citation in your paper must coordinate with the alphabetized word at the beginning of a reference entry.<br />
  11. 11. References<br />DrobnicHolan, A. (2009, July 30) E-mail ‘analysis of health bill needs a check-up. Retrieved on October 14, 2009, from http://www.politifact.com/truth-o- <br /> meter/article/2009/jul/30/e-mail-analysis-health-bill-needs-check-/<br />Kawasaki, G. (2009, June) Website marketing turnoffs. Entrepreneur, 30.<br />Selber, S. (2009) Institutional dimensions of academic computing. College Composition and Communication, 61(1) 10-34.<br />Stafford, D. (2009, October 11) The human side of the internet. The Kansas City Star, H1. <br />
  12. 12. Registration, Avoid<br />Too many user names to keep track of. Make it easier by asking visitors to register for your site with their email addresses.<br /> Kawasaki, 30<br />
  13. 13. Registration, Avoid<br />Don’t require a new user name:<br />“I’m a member of hundreds of sites. I can’t remember my usernames, but I can remember my e-mail address. So why not let me use that?” <br /> Kawasaki, 30<br />
  14. 14. Kawasaki, G. (2009, June) Website marketing <br /> turnoffs. Entrepreneur, 30.<br />Registration, avoid ****<br />
  15. 15. In-Text Citations<br />In-text citations must include the author’s last name & the date of publication in the sentence.<br />Without using a signal phrase:<br />To avoid a marketing turn-off, websites should allow visitors to register using their email addresses (Kawasaki, 2009).<br />Using a signal phrase:<br />Kawasaki (2009) recommends allowing website visitors to register using their email addresses.<br />Kawasaki says, “I’m a member of hundreds of sites. I can’t remember my usernames, but I can remember my e-mail address” (2009).<br />
  16. 16. Help with APA Reference & Citation Format<br />APA Section: Decisions textbook<br />Purdue OWL Guide to APA Style<br />&quot;http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/&quot; target=&quot;_blank&quot;&gt;<br />The American Psychological Association:<br />http://www.apastyle.org/<br />www.bibme.com<br />www.easybib.com<br />http://citationmachine.net/<br />

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