IEA DSM Workshop

The 2000 Watt Society:
From Efficiency to Lifestyle

Roland Stulz
Co-Founder 2000 Watt Society
Horw, 15t...
A Novatlantis Initiative:
The 2000 Watt Society
12000

Watt per Capita

10000

8000
6000
4000
2000
0

India

China

World
...
An ambitious way to go

non fossil Energy
fossil Energy

Watt per capita

embodied energy for fossil energy

1960

Interme...
How can we reach this?
We know what we have to do
SUV
10 litres/100km
(Fossil Fuel)

Existing
Buildings
10 litres oil/m2

Fossil
Energy
(oil, gas...
Starting with Pioneers:
Partnerships for Sustainability

Basel

Sustainable
ETH Sience City

2000-Watt
Novartis Campus

Hy...
Starting in Basel 2001: Transportation
Laboratory

Case Study
Mobility Basel

Public Private
Partnership / CEV an
Autosalo...
Basel: Bottom-Up Approach

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

2000-Watt-Society in the „Politikplan“
Transportation Laboratory
Landmark New ...
Top Down Approach: 2000 Watt Zurich
Taskforce 1

Mayor

Energy/Resources Strategy
Sustainability TOR

Project Champion
Str...
Energy Masterplan of City of Zürich

Priorities

Goals
6

1. Sufficiency

Primärenergie-Verbrauch total
Anteil Primärenerg...
2000 Watt Activities in Zürich



Strategy Paper 2000 Watt-Gesellschaft

 Action Plans
- Energy Efficiency
- Renewable E...
Behaviour becomes a Priority inZürich

Sufficiency
strategy
City Council

2000-Watt
Urban Structures
Research Study
……

En...
Landmark of «Sufficiency»
Genossenschaft Kalkbreite

Goals: «Minimize the
individual space, add
common spaces and flexible...
Masterplan Energy:
Processes, Controlling
Measure Planning
Corrective measures
(service departments)

Reporting to City co...
Energy-Coaching:
Service for houseowners

Houseowner

Architects /
Engineers

Economy of real
properties

Building envelop...
Communicate Success and Experiences

16
Motivation through Beacon Projects

Neubau der Forschungsanstalten

Eulachhof, Winterthur

Stadtspital Triemli, Zürich

No...
Key Factor Buildings:
Focus in Basel and Zürich
40% of globally available resources are used for building
construction and...
Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Factor 10
240

226

Electric Plug-in

33

Hot Water

200

[ kWh / m 2per year ]

24
166
16...
Renovation remains
greatest Challenge
CCEM Projekt:
• integrales
Gebäudekonzept
• keine technischen
Kompromisse
• wenige b...
The better Scale:
2000-Watt Neighbourhood

Richtiareal Wallisellen:
• 500 apartments
for 1200 inhabitants
• over 3000 work...
White Cat: Smart Transportation Model

…for shopping, commuting, visiting,…
based on IT-Plattform

with a focus on
familie...
A complex Message:
Energy Hub, Micro Grid
•
•
•

•

Supply / Production in all networks
Demand /production not synchronous...
2000 Watt Society becomes
a National Program
SH

20 Cantons

BS

over 100 Towns

BL

JU

Bodensee Interreg

TG
AG

ZH
AR

...
Variety of Norms and Labels…

ESI (CCRS)

Ressourcen
Resources
WirtschaftsBusiness
strukturen
Environment

Wasser
Water

S...
Are we heading for this?
The Great Challenge: Lifestyle Scenarios
and Storytelling
Pioneer Family,
2 Children,

Single, 28y
9000 Watt
9000 Watt

30...
Calculate your personal
Energy / CO2 Balance
Public
Procurement
General
Consumption

Car

Plane
Public
Transport

Food

Ca...
Der Lebensstil ist entscheidend
Motivating through ’Beacon
Individuals’
2000 Watt Lifestyles on
www.2000watt.ch
Basics of Sufficiency: Part 1
Housing in Zürich
Rebound Effect neutralizes
Efficiency
Factor 3 Reduction through
Efficiency+Behaviour

inefficient old
building

average
building
Plug-ins
efficient new
buildin...
Many decisions to be taken

gen. electricity
var. plugins
home office
electronics
dryer

Washing machine
Fridge,Freezer
di...
Less Time – more Waste of
Resources?
What do we mean by
Quality of Life?
Change happens…

…stimulates innovation
…offers market leadership opportunities for
industry and service providers
2005
…r...
The great vision of a 2000 Watt Society
The great vision of a 2000 Watt Society
The great vision of a 2000 Watt Society
The great vision of a 2000 Watt Society
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The great vision of a 2000 Watt Society

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Roland Stulz told us the 13 year long journey starting with the vision of the 2000 Watt Society in Switzerland at our Behaviour Change Task 24 workshop in Luzern, October 15, 2013.

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The great vision of a 2000 Watt Society

  1. 1. IEA DSM Workshop The 2000 Watt Society: From Efficiency to Lifestyle Roland Stulz Co-Founder 2000 Watt Society Horw, 15th October 2013
  2. 2. A Novatlantis Initiative: The 2000 Watt Society 12000 Watt per Capita 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 India China World Europe USA
  3. 3. An ambitious way to go non fossil Energy fossil Energy Watt per capita embodied energy for fossil energy 1960 Intermediate Goal: 50 % Reduction of fossil Energy by 2050 2000 1to CO2 500
  4. 4. How can we reach this?
  5. 5. We know what we have to do SUV 10 litres/100km (Fossil Fuel) Existing Buildings 10 litres oil/m2 Fossil Energy (oil, gas, coal) "Waste Society" 350 kg/year*person 2005 2050 Light Weight Mobility 2 litres/100km Green Buildings 2 litres oil/m2 Renewable Energy sun fuels Closed Resource Cycles
  6. 6. Starting with Pioneers: Partnerships for Sustainability Basel Sustainable ETH Sience City 2000-Watt Novartis Campus Hy-Light H2 concept car CLEVER Low Emission Biogas car Zero Carbon EAWAG Headquarter Worlds cleanest Diesel Truck Engine Erlenmatt 2000-Watt Housing Zero Carbon Hospital Geneva Sustainable Neighbourhoods Health and Happiness Zurich: Referendum November 2008: 2000-Watt-Society integrated in the Town Constitution  77% voted YES
  7. 7. Starting in Basel 2001: Transportation Laboratory Case Study Mobility Basel Public Private Partnership / CEV an Autosalon Genf Rallye 21 Natural Gas Vehicles / Bus Fleets Hy-Light 2005 Stakeholder Dialogue 2006 2004 2007 2003 2002 Akzeptanzstudien/ Zielgruppenanalyse 2008 2009 HyMuve CEV
  8. 8. Basel: Bottom-Up Approach • • • • • • • • 2000-Watt-Society in the „Politikplan“ Transportation Laboratory Landmark New Buildings Incentive Programme Pilot and Demonstration Buildings Minergie-P Renovation Award Landmark Projects with „Wirtschaftsförderung beider Basel“ Project „CO2 neutral Administration“ Sustainable Neighbourhood Developments: Dreispitzareal and Erlenmatt 2000-Watt-Novartis Campus IWB Visitor Center Two-Catcher Minerige-P Renovation Cosy Place
  9. 9. Top Down Approach: 2000 Watt Zurich Taskforce 1 Mayor Energy/Resources Strategy Sustainability TOR Project Champion Strategic Partner Steering Comittee Taskforce 2 Stakeholders Participation Students, NNN, Staff Taskforce 3 Design Integrated Plannimg Communication Project Management Taskforce 4 HVAC Project Manager Quality Control Implemetaion of TOR General Contractor Architects Taskforce 5 IT, Smart Grid Taskforce 6 Facility Management
  10. 10. Energy Masterplan of City of Zürich Priorities Goals 6 1. Sufficiency Primärenergie-Verbrauch total Anteil Primärenergie erneuerbar 5 Treibhausgas-Emissionen 4000 4 3000 3 2000 2 1000 1 0 0 2005 2020 2035 2050 Treibhausgasemissionen in Tonnen Primärenergie in Watt pro Kopf 5000 2. Efficiency 3. Renewable Energies
  11. 11. 2000 Watt Activities in Zürich  Strategy Paper 2000 Watt-Gesellschaft  Action Plans - Energy Efficiency - Renewable Energies - Efficient Electricity  Energy Coaching  Landmark Buildings          Public Procurement Lifestyle Scenarios Communication Handbook Züricher 2000-Watt-Days "Sportlich zum Sport" LIFEfair Eco-Kompass for SME Corporate Partnerships "Sustainable Zürich„ Stand der Dinge: Building the 2000-Watt-Society
  12. 12. Behaviour becomes a Priority inZürich Sufficiency strategy City Council 2000-Watt Urban Structures Research Study …… Energy Research City of Zürich Focus on Households AfS Sufficiency without Users User Behaviour Sufficiency SMART-Metering Test Program ewz, Administration Research Study AHB Mobility Conzept for Housing Projects Sufficiency Path Energy Research Study AHB Guidelines AHB/LVZ Behaviuour in Housing Research Study
  13. 13. Landmark of «Sufficiency» Genossenschaft Kalkbreite Goals: «Minimize the individual space, add common spaces and flexible rooms for rent Individual space: 30-35m2/Person including room sharing and common areas MINERGIE-P-ECO SIA-Effizienzpfad Energie (2000 Watt) SIA 112/1
  14. 14. Masterplan Energy: Processes, Controlling Measure Planning Corrective measures (service departments) Reporting to City council •Measure Controlling •Energy/CO2-Balance, Environmental Report •Verification Masterplan Energy •Structural Report 4-annually 2-annually Annual process annually Measure Controlling (service departments, Energy deputy) Masterplan Energy, Energy Planning Structural Report Energy/CO2Balance Environmental Report Realization of measures (service departments)
  15. 15. Energy-Coaching: Service for houseowners Houseowner Architects / Engineers Economy of real properties Building envelope Building services Fundings Energy-Coach - Specific know-how - independent - Second opinion Aspects of monument protection
  16. 16. Communicate Success and Experiences 16
  17. 17. Motivation through Beacon Projects Neubau der Forschungsanstalten Eulachhof, Winterthur Stadtspital Triemli, Zürich Novartis Campus des Wissens DB-Areal (Erlenmatt), Basel Science City, ETH Hönggerberg
  18. 18. Key Factor Buildings: Focus in Basel and Zürich 40% of globally available resources are used for building construction and operation of buildings 70% of total waste comes from building construction 50% of total energy consumption is for buildings Industry, Services, Agriculture: 20% › Transportation: 31% › Buildings: 49% whereof 68% fossil Fuel
  19. 19. Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Factor 10 240 226 Electric Plug-in 33 Hot Water 200 [ kWh / m 2per year ] 24 166 160 Heating 22 22 120 119 22 169 17 80 62 122 40 17 80 17 28 0 Average Building Stock Switzerland SIA 380 Canton Zurich Building Code Minergie 34 21 1 11 Minergie P
  20. 20. Renovation remains greatest Challenge CCEM Projekt: • integrales Gebäudekonzept • keine technischen Kompromisse • wenige beteiligte Unternehmen • gut koordinierte Module • Qualitätssicherung • effizienter, schneller Produktionsprozess Karl Viriden, 2007
  21. 21. The better Scale: 2000-Watt Neighbourhood Richtiareal Wallisellen: • 500 apartments for 1200 inhabitants • over 3000 workplaces • Ca. 127,000 sqft. shops • green pedestrian parks • public transportation • certified 2000-Watt project
  22. 22. White Cat: Smart Transportation Model …for shopping, commuting, visiting,… based on IT-Plattform with a focus on families and seniors 22
  23. 23. A complex Message: Energy Hub, Micro Grid • • • • Supply / Production in all networks Demand /production not synchronous Local storage and transformation into other forms of energy better local energy production and demand ialignement causes less costs in the next uppward network Use of Excess Heat Mobility Geothermic Wind Photovoltaik Solarthermal H2 Storage Combined heat/electricity production Biomass Hot Water Battery Biogas FC H2 to NG Methanisation Heat Electricity Natural Gas Micro Grid • Modelling • Dimensioning • Control
  24. 24. 2000 Watt Society becomes a National Program SH 20 Cantons BS over 100 Towns BL JU Bodensee Interreg TG AG ZH AR Solothurn SO SG LU ZG Luzern Zug NE SZ BE VD GL OW UR FR GR TI Three 2000 Watt Offices (D / F / I) Partner GE Fachstelle Finanzierung VS Berater Zielgruppen Vermittlung Beratung Reporting Bundesämter SIA EnergieSchweiz Universitäten etc. Ausbildung ESfG Experten Information / Kommunikation Projekte Gemeinden Planer Investoren Hilfsmittel / Vernetzung Kommunikati on Dienstleistung/Beratung/Projekte Vernetzung Bezahlung Politik und Gesellschaft Unternehmen
  25. 25. Variety of Norms and Labels… ESI (CCRS) Ressourcen Resources WirtschaftsBusiness strukturen Environment Wasser Water Safety Sicherheit Energie Energy Security Soziale Social Strukturen Mobilität Transportation Structure Wohnraum Living Space Siedlung Urban Environment Kom fort Comfort
  26. 26. Are we heading for this?
  27. 27. The Great Challenge: Lifestyle Scenarios and Storytelling Pioneer Family, 2 Children, Single, 28y 9000 Watt 9000 Watt 3000 Watt ST/Novatlantis/ISCN/090611_ISCN_Lausanne
  28. 28. Calculate your personal Energy / CO2 Balance Public Procurement General Consumption Car Plane Public Transport Food Car ÖV Ernährung PKW Housing Wohnen http://eco22.ecospeed.ch/privat
  29. 29. Der Lebensstil ist entscheidend
  30. 30. Motivating through ’Beacon Individuals’
  31. 31. 2000 Watt Lifestyles on www.2000watt.ch
  32. 32. Basics of Sufficiency: Part 1 Housing in Zürich
  33. 33. Rebound Effect neutralizes Efficiency
  34. 34. Factor 3 Reduction through Efficiency+Behaviour inefficient old building average building Plug-ins efficient new building Lighting Ventilation Hot Water Heating
  35. 35. Many decisions to be taken gen. electricity var. plugins home office electronics dryer Washing machine Fridge,Freezer dishwasher cooking,baking lighting inefficient equipment average equipment efficient equipment efficient equipment sufficient usage efficient equipment average usage
  36. 36. Less Time – more Waste of Resources?
  37. 37. What do we mean by Quality of Life?
  38. 38. Change happens… …stimulates innovation …offers market leadership opportunities for industry and service providers 2005 …reduces dependency of imported resources Thank You www.2000watt.ch 2050 42

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