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Conference of Isam Shahrour - Smart City for Energy Transition - Pre-COP22

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This conference presents the contribution of the concept "Smart City" in the energy transition strategies. It includes 4 parts: presentation of the challenges of the energy transition, the role of the city in the energy transition, the concept of the smart city and how it contributed to the implementation of efficient Energy transition policy and finally the lessons learned from 5 years-experience of large scale demonstrator of the Smart City “SunRise".

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Conference of Isam Shahrour - Smart City for Energy Transition - Pre-COP22

  1. 1. Role of the "Smart City" in the energy transition Professor Isam Shahrour University of Lille, France Project « SunRise Smart City» Conférence Pré COP 22 Université Hassan II – CASABLANCA 18 – 19 Octobre, 2016
  2. 2. Energy transition? Environmental issues Economic issues City ? High consumption High Pollution - Greenhouse emission Smart ? Innovative Solution Digital Social 3 questions ?
  3. 3. • Energy transition • Role of the City • « Smart City » Solution • Example of implementation of the Smart City
  4. 4. Energy Consumption in the World http://euanmearns.com/global-energy-trends-bp-statistical-review-2014/ BP Statistical Review 2014 Fossil Energy
  5. 5. Proved Reserves (end 2013) Fossil energy resources are limited Oil: 688 billion barrels (50 years) Coal 892 billion tons (110 - 120 years) Gas: 185 700 billions m3 (50 to 60 years)
  6. 6. Energy Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions
  7. 7. How to reach the goal of +2° Energy
  8. 8. Nuclear Energy
  9. 9. Energie Nucléaire : Faible Emission du GES
  10. 10. Nuclear share in electricity production International Atomic Energy Agency’s France (77%) US (20%) Japon
  11. 11. Nuclear Energy: Challenges of Waste storage and plant dismantling 500 m
  12. 12. Nuclear Energy: Safety issue 1. Sécurité Fukushima Disaster (2011)
  13. 13. We have to Reduce fossil energy Consumption Reduce the share of nuclear energy Increase the share of renewable energy Improve the performance of energy systems Energy Transition: transformation of our energy system
  14. 14. European energy and climate policy Source : Commission Européenne
  15. 15. Renewable Energy
  16. 16. Europe: Share of renewable Energy (2014 and 2020) 2014 2020
  17. 17. Renewable Energy in Africa
  18. 18. Renewable energy resource mapping in Africa Hydraulic Wind BioMass Solar
  19. 19. Challenges of the use of renewable Energy Intermittent nature Storage and transport Integration in the energy system Price (Economic Model) Maturity
  20. 20. • Energy transition • Role of the City • « Smart City » Solution • Example of implementation of the Smart City
  21. 21. City - Energy 70% of the Economic Activity 70% of the Energy consumption 75% of the Electrical consumption 80% of the GHG Emissions The City
  22. 22. Population growth Urban Developing countries Urban – Developed countries Rural Developing countries
  23. 23. ASIA AFRICA 3 Billions 6 Billions (UN, 2014)Population growth
  24. 24. Concentration in large cities
  25. 25. IN perspective, cities, with more than 50 millions inhabitants Concentration in large cities
  26. 26. • Energy transition • Role of the City • « Smart City » Solution • Example of implementation of the Smart City
  27. 27. Energy transition: Improve the performances of the energy sytem - Physical infrastructures - Management methods • State of infrastructures ? • Solution ?
  28. 28. Urban Infrastructures
  29. 29. Infrastructures - Developed countries • Good Infrastructure • Aging • Maintenance and investment • Management methods (silos, low innovation,..
  30. 30. 80% (France) Aging infrastructures - France
  31. 31. Aging infrastructures (US) ASCE (2013)
  32. 32. Infrastructures – Less developped countries • Lack of infrastructures • Lack of funding • Population explosion
  33. 33. 1 billion without access to drinking water Lack of access to water service 2.4 billion without access to sanitation service
  34. 34. Lack of access to electrical service
  35. 35. Less developed countries : Huge need for investment in new infrastructures Yearly need: 1.8 to 2.3 trillions $ Transport Electricity Water Telecom
  36. 36. Energy transition: Improve the performances of the energy sytem - Physical infrastructures - Management methods • State of infrastructures ? • Solution ?
  37. 37. Production Transformation Storage Transport & distribution Consumption (demand) Conventional energy system Improve the performance for each phase Need of data exchange to harmonize demand - Production
  38. 38. Modern Energy system (Cm) (Cl) (C1) (Ck) (Pj) Consumption (P1) (Pi) (Pn) Production (S)(S) (S) Storage
  39. 39. (Cm) (Cl) (C1) (Ck) (Pj) Consumption (P1) (Pi) (Pn) Production (S)(S) (S) Storage Modern Energy system
  40. 40. (Cm) (Cl) (C1) (Ck) (Pj) (P1) (Pi) (Pn) (S)(S) (S) S global system for data transfer and management Modern Energy system
  41. 41. To achieve this goal, we need Smart System Data Transfer Analyze Decision taking Operate
  42. 42. Digital Technology Internet Social network
  43. 43. Measure Store Analyze Data transfer operate actions Each « Thing » • Identified • geolocated Digital Technology: Internet of things
  44. 44. Technology Collective Intelligence Education Health, Culture Tourism Mobility New Services
  45. 45. The performances Operating Security Users involvement Resiliency The Digital Technology allows us to improve
  46. 46. Improve the quality of life of citizens Strengthen the competitiveness of the industry Environment Objective 20/20/20 Objectives Smart City en EUROPE
  47. 47. Smart City in United States Smart Grid – NEMA Report (2011) Association of electrical and medical imaging equipment manufacturers
  48. 48. Smart City in Africa 2014
  49. 49. • Energy transition • Role of the City • « Smart City » Solution • Example of implementation of the Smart City SunRise Smart City Demonstrator
  50. 50. Experimentation (Demonstrator) Implementation of the Smart City concept in the City ?
  51. 51. Local Authorities : AMGVF LMCU, Région, ArtoisComm International: W-Smart New York University Netherland (Vitens) UK (Thames) Spain (Acciona) Providers & operators : • Eaux du Nord/Suez • Eaux de Paris • Dalkia • ERDF • Eiffage Energie • Lille Métropole Habitat Research Laboratories Engieneering, IT Social Sciences Education program : Master (…), PhD Innovation centers & Hubs Pole Ubiquitaire CITC –EURARFID PRN Starts-ups : Stereograph, Noolittic, Inodesign, Calmwater, Planete oui, IXsane SunRise partners
  52. 52. Education program Master and PhD students (April 2014)
  53. 53. Small Town(110 Hectares) • 25 000 users • 140 Buildings Demo Site «Cité Scientifique» 100 km Urban Networks • Drinking • Water • Sanitation • Heating, • Gas • Electricity (HV, LV) • Public lighting
  54. 54. SunRise PlatformInformation Sytem Asset Data (GIS) Analytics Wb servor communication • Users • Management staff • Technical staff • Academic Staff • Public Data transfert : • Wired • Wireless Monitoring • Buildings • Water Network • Energy network • Others Sensors data Users Alert Information Users data Open data • Weather • Traffic • Emergency Open data
  55. 55. Acheivement 1. GIS for all the networks 3. Data Analysis 4. Recommendations • Drinking Water • Sanitation • Storm water • Heating • Electricity 2. Monitoring:
  56. 56. Drinking water
  57. 57. TWUL Demo site London- UK Smart Burgos Burgos -Spain VIP Leeuwarden- Netherlands Sunrise Lille- France Démonstrateur Européen SmartWater4Europe
  58. 58. Smart Monitoring Pressure flow Quality
  59. 59. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600Non-RevenueWaterNRW(m3 ) 01/11/15 11/11/15 21/11/15 01/12/15 11/12/15 21/12/15 31/12/15 10/01/16 20/01/16 30/01/16 09/02/16 19/02/16 29/02/16 10/03/16 20/03/16 30/03/16 09/04/16 19/04/16 29/04/16 09/05/16 19/05/16 29/05/16 Leakage detection Water Balance (m3) 500 m 3
  60. 60. Présentation Heating Center District Heating (Gas)
  61. 61. Présentation Conduites Substation Heating Center • Temperature • Flow • Pressure • Consumption District Heating (Gas)
  62. 62. Potential savings Consumption using usage- based regulation Recorded Consumption
  63. 63. Solution • Cogeneration (performances from 50 to 90%) • Renewable Energy (geothermic, biomass (campus waste) Production • Building Instrumentation • Local Regulation according to the usage • Global Regulation • Users awareness Smart Grid Financement : • Par les économies et les performances • Partenariat public – privé
  64. 64. Succeed the energy transition Reduction of Energy Consumption Reduction of Energy losses Increase the share of Renewable Energy Requires
  65. 65. Modernization using the Smart Technology Improvement of the performances of each component Improvement of the global performances Improvement of the operating security Social innovation Succeed the energy transition

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