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UWE Workshop Slides

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Presentation given at the University of the West of England on July 20 and July 21.

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UWE Workshop Slides

  1. 1. Open Textbooks Access, Affordability, and Academic Success David Ernst, PhD University of Minnesota @dernst By David Ernst. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. 2. “…higher education shall be equally accessible to all”
  3. 3. 20% of all UK students who start a degree course will not complete it. https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/performance-indicators/non-continuation-summary
  4. 4. 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Tuition fee and HEFCE funding in England 1996-2018 Tuition Fee HEFCE UoR
  5. 5. Current students, on average, will owe more than £50,000 in fee and maintenance loans upon graduation. (Principal only) https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/9334
  6. 6. What can we do? • Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  7. 7. What can we do? • Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  8. 8. A 2010 NUS survey indicates that the average student will spend around £1000 on books during their studies. https://www.nus.org.uk/en/advice/money-and-funding/average-costs-of-living-and-study/
  9. 9. What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
  10. 10. What do you think about the cost of textbooks? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0d6HTN6llgo
  11. 11. “Due to caring responsibilities at home, most of my study is done at home in the evening, when my children are in bed. Therefore I cannot use the university library to study.” “Material changes every year so it’s difficult to find useful second hand copies.” “There are more recommended reading books than I can afford to buy or have time to read.” “They are extremely useful, but expensive considering the fact that we pay £9000 tuition fees.” “When 6 subjects have 5-10 books on the ‘suggested reading’ list, it becomes impossible to obtain all of them.” “Text books are ridiculously priced. They are aimed at students but are completely out of their price range. £100 for one book!” Quotes from UWE Students Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  12. 12. Coping with the Cost • Purchase an older edition of the textbook • Delay purchasing the textbook • Never purchase the textbook • Share the textbook with other students, either directly or via the library. • Download textbooks from the internet
  13. 13. –U of MN Student "I figured French hadn't changed that much.”
  14. 14. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost?
  15. 15. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjaTJC8zZJ4
  16. 16. 7/10 students surveyed hadn’t bought a required textbook due to cost. http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
  17. 17. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-4IswNs0WWE
  18. 18. The Academic Impact • 80% thought purchasing textbooks was an important part of their studies • 88% of students claimed to have skipped purchasing a textbook because of the price. • 9% claimed to have changed their course because of the cost of books associated with it. Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  19. 19. 2012 2016 63.6% 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% 47.6% Take fewer courses 45.1% 45.5% Not register for a specific course 33.9% 37.6% Earn a poor grade 26.7% 26.1% Drop a course 17.0% 19.8% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  20. 20. Other models…
  21. 21. Where does the funding come from? Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst, Portland State, …) Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …) Governments (state, federal) Institutional Consortia (CALI)
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved Some Rights Reserved
  23. 23. Plus…
  24. 24. With Creative Commons licenses, you are free to… Copy Mix Share Keep Edit Use
  25. 25. open.umn.edu
  26. 26. 1 1 9 10 39 133 378 489 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 400 440 480 520 1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 2.0-2.5 2.5-3.0 3.0-3.5 3.5-4.0 4.0-4.5 4.5-5.0 Reviews Ratings Open Textbook Reviews
  27. 27. 12 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  28. 28. 5,201 Professors and Students http://openedgroup.org/
  29. 29. 50% Same35% Better 15% Worse http://openedgroup.org/
  30. 30. 13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy http://openedgroup.org/
  31. 31. 119,720 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  32. 32. 95% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  33. 33. Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics 1272 pages Available in PDF ePub Print Web Bookshare (accessible) Instructor solution manual Powerpoint slides
  34. 34. Examples of Customizing
  35. 35. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v =E1zAcm0lXn0
  36. 36. PM4ID
  37. 37. What can we do?
  38. 38. What can we do? • Take a look! (open.umn.edu) • Write a review! • Adopt if a book meets the needs of you and your students • Raise awareness - talk with colleagues in your program and department
  39. 39. Writing a Review Is there is a textbook in the Open Textbook Library that fits your class and/or expertise? Stipend will be paid for: 1. attending this workshop, and 2. reviewing a textbook in the Open Textbook Library
  40. 40. Writing a Review 1. You will receive an email with a link to the online review form. 2. Complete a concise review by August 20. 3. The review will be posted on the Open Textbook Library under an open license. 4. A £25 voucher will be paid.
  41. 41. David Ernst dernst@umn.edu @dernst Slides: http://slideshare.net/djernst Open Textbook Library: open.umn.edu By David Ernst. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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