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Open Textbooks
Let Us Begin
David Ernst, PhD
University of Minnesota
–United Nations Universal Declaration of
Human Rights
“…higher education shall be
equally accessible to all…”
The cost barrier kept
2.4 million
low and moderate-income college-qualified high
school graduates from completing college ...
$2,000
$3,000
$4,000
$5,000
$6,000
$7,000
$8,000
$9,000
1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013
U...
$2,000
$3,000
$4,000
$5,000
$6,000
$7,000
$8,000
$9,000
$10,000
$11,000
1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 ...
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Hours@MinimumWage
Year
A...
The average borrower owes more than
$29,400
in student loans (class of 2012).
Institute for College Access and Success htt...
$400
$500
$600
$700
$800
$900
$1,000
$1,100
$1,200
$1,300
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
$Billions US Debt
C...
What can we do?
Tuition and Fees
Room and Board
Books and Supplies
Personal Expenses
Transportation
What can we do?
Tuition and Fees
Room and Board
Books and Supplies
Personal Expenses
Transportation
0%
100%
200%
300%
400%
500%
600%
700%
1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012...
The average student can expect to pay
$1,225 - $1,328
on textbooks and course materials in 2014-15.
http://trends.collegeb...
What do you think about the cost of
textbooks?
What do you think about the cost of
textbooks?
Video Removed. See the video at:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0d6HTN6llgo
The Academic Impact
Purchase an older edition of the textbook
Delay purchasing the textbook
Never purchase the textbook
–U of MN Student
"I figured French hadn't changed
that much.”
59%
of students report that they have had to wait
for their financial aid check to purchase
textbooks.
Unpublished Minneso...
Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because
of cost?
Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because
of cost?
Video Removed. See the video at:
https://www.youtube.com/watc...
7/10
students surveyed hadn’t bought a required
textbook due to cost.
http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-...
63.6% Not purchase the required textbook
49.2% Take fewer courses
45.1% Not register for a specific course
33.9% Earn a po...
Video Removed. See the video at:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-zi8-4NN5I
Other models…
Where does the funding come
from?
Universities (SUNY, Purdue, Oregon
State)
Foundations (Hewlett Foundation)
Governments (...
All Rights
Reserved
Some Rights
Reserved
Open Textbooks
Plus…
With Creative Commons licenses,
you are free to…
Copy Mix
Share Keep
Edit Use
open.umn.edu
Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester
college physics
1272 pages
Available in
PDF
ePub
Print
Web
Bookshare (accessible...
“All this will not be finished in the first 100 days.
Nor will it be finished in the first 1,000 days, nor
in the life of ...
0
50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
300,000
350,000
400,000
450,000
500,000
1/2012 7/2012 1/2013 7/2013 1/2014 7/2014...
Open Textbook Reviews
0 0
5
1
9
44
73 72
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
1.0 - 1.5 1.5 - 2.0 2.0 - 2.5 2.5 - 3.0 3.0 - 3.5 3.5 -...
At University of Minnesota
In 3+ years, <20 faculty saved students
nearly$500,000.
Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
Cleveland State University
Colorado State University
Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young
Univers...
David Ernst
dernst@umn.edu
@dernst
Open Textbook Library: open.umn.edu
Open TextbookNetwork: z.umn.edu/opentextbooks
@open...
Moodel Moot 2015
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Moodel Moot 2015

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Keynote given by David Ernst from the US MoodleMoot 2015 on August 6, 2015.

Published in: Education
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Moodel Moot 2015

  1. 1. Open Textbooks Let Us Begin David Ernst, PhD University of Minnesota
  2. 2. –United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights “…higher education shall be equally accessible to all…”
  3. 3. The cost barrier kept 2.4 million low and moderate-income college-qualified high school graduates from completing college in the previous decade. The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf
  4. 4. $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 US Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  5. 5. $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 $11,000 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 Minnesota Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  6. 6. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Hours@MinimumWage Year Affording Annual Tuition at the University of Minnesota
  7. 7. The average borrower owes more than $29,400 in student loans (class of 2012). Institute for College Access and Success http://projectonstudentdebt.org/files/pub/Student_Debt_and_the_Class_of_2012_NR.pdf
  8. 8. $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 $1,200 $1,300 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 $Billions US Debt Consumer Revolving Credit Student Loan Debt Federal Reserve http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/g19/Current/
  9. 9. What can we do? Tuition and Fees Room and Board Books and Supplies Personal Expenses Transportation
  10. 10. What can we do? Tuition and Fees Room and Board Books and Supplies Personal Expenses Transportation
  11. 11. 0% 100% 200% 300% 400% 500% 600% 700% 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 %Increase Increase in Textbook Prices Textbooks CPI Bureau of Labor Statistics http://www.bls.gov/cpi/
  12. 12. The average student can expect to pay $1,225 - $1,328 on textbooks and course materials in 2014-15. http://trends.collegeboard.org/college-pricing/figures-tables/average-estimated-undergraduate-budgets-2014-15 http://financialaid.arizona.edu/undergraduate/estimated-cost-attendance
  13. 13. What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
  14. 14. What do you think about the cost of textbooks? Video Removed. See the video at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0d6HTN6llgo
  15. 15. The Academic Impact Purchase an older edition of the textbook Delay purchasing the textbook Never purchase the textbook
  16. 16. –U of MN Student "I figured French hadn't changed that much.”
  17. 17. 59% of students report that they have had to wait for their financial aid check to purchase textbooks. Unpublished Minnesota State University Student Association survey
  18. 18. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost?
  19. 19. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost? Video Removed. See the video at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjaTJC8zZJ4
  20. 20. 7/10 students surveyed hadn’t bought a required textbook due to cost. http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
  21. 21. 63.6% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% Take fewer courses 45.1% Not register for a specific course 33.9% Earn a poor grade 26.7% Drop a course 17.0% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  22. 22. Video Removed. See the video at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-zi8-4NN5I
  23. 23. Other models…
  24. 24. Where does the funding come from? Universities (SUNY, Purdue, Oregon State) Foundations (Hewlett Foundation) Governments (California, British Columbia) Professional Organizations (CALI)
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved Some Rights Reserved
  26. 26. Open Textbooks
  27. 27. Plus…
  28. 28. With Creative Commons licenses, you are free to… Copy Mix Share Keep Edit Use
  29. 29. open.umn.edu
  30. 30. Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics 1272 pages Available in PDF ePub Print Web Bookshare (accessible) Instructor solution manual Powerpoint slides
  31. 31. “All this will not be finished in the first 100 days. Nor will it be finished in the first 1,000 days, nor in the life of this Administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet. But let us begin.” - John F. Kennedy January 20, 1961
  32. 32. 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 450,000 500,000 1/2012 7/2012 1/2013 7/2013 1/2014 7/2014 1/2015 7/2015 Visits Open Textbook Library Traffic- To tal Visits open.umn.edu
  33. 33. Open Textbook Reviews 0 0 5 1 9 44 73 72 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 1.0 - 1.5 1.5 - 2.0 2.0 - 2.5 2.5 - 3.0 3.0 - 3.5 3.5 - 4.0 4.0 - 4.5 4.5 - 5.0 Reviews Ra ngs
  34. 34. At University of Minnesota In 3+ years, <20 faculty saved students nearly$500,000.
  35. 35. Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Cleveland State University Colorado State University Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University Macalester College Minnesota State College and Universities (34) North Dakota University System (11) The Ohio State University Oregon Community Colleges (17) Oregon State University Purdue University Temple University University of Arizona University of Kansas University of Massachusetts Amherst University of Minnesota University of Northwestern St. Paul University of Oklahoma University of Washington Virginia Tech West Virginia University Open Textbook Network
  36. 36. David Ernst dernst@umn.edu @dernst Open Textbook Library: open.umn.edu Open TextbookNetwork: z.umn.edu/opentextbooks @open_textbooks

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