Building a Digital Library


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Slides from keynote talk at Dawson Day 2012 (slightly revised)

Contains stats on LSE Library collection trends and overview on how we made the case for LSE Digital Library and how we are progressing with implementation.

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Building a Digital Library

  1. 1. Building a Digital Library Ed Fay Digital Library Manager @digitalfay
  2. 2. Building a Digital Library Context •Library collections and trends •Digital/physical and local/£ What, Why, and How •Mission | strategy | operation •Business case •Roles and responsibilities •Skills Conclusions •Lessons learnt Questions
  3. 3. Libraries are changing…
  4. 4. …and not
  5. 5. But, first:Just to clear something up …‘Digital’ vs ‘electronic’ is meaningless
  6. 6. LSE Library Collections Local £ • Research outputs (publications, data) • Journals • Digitisation • Books • Public lectures • Newspapers • Web harvesting (websites, blogs, tweets) • Statistics / data Digital • Archives (institutional, personal) • Theses • Official publications • Archives (institutional, personal) • Monographs • Theses • Journals • Official publicationsPhysical • Pamphlets • Newspapers • Statistics • Microfilm
  7. 7. Purchased / licensed collections* Total acquisitions per year
  8. 8. Research outputs repository* New additions per month
  9. 9. Digital archives* New hybrid or digital collections per year
  10. 10. Library space* Metres added per year
  11. 11. What do the figures tell us?* (Varying or approximate scales)
  12. 12. What do the figures tell us?
  13. 13. What do the figures tell us? Print is declining (not dead) Digital is increasing (£ and local) Workloads are changing Team structures are changing Digital is no longer a project-based activity – it is an embedded activity
  14. 14. What does the digital shift mean Digital preservation • We need to do it Surfacing content to the Web • Wait, we’re publishers now? • … and interaction designers? • and … Collaborative digital projects • Supporting new research methods
  15. 15. Preservation responsibility Local £ • Consortia Digital • LSE Digital Library • LOCKSS • Portico • Archives Services • Print Collections Physical • Consortium • Print Collections • UKRR
  17. 17. Mission | Strategy“Build and preserve distinctive collections to support research and learning, and represent a record of thought in the social sciences” “Develop our digital library so that we are able to acquire, preserve and provide access to digital collections which match the strength of our print collections”“…information repository services to support new forms of scholarly communication and enable the School to manage, disseminate and preserve these intellectual assets”
  18. 18. Business Case • Collections audit • Formats, volume/growth • User and functional requirements • Preservation, access • Options appraisal (‘market survey’) • Best practice investigation, repository architectures • Proposal • Risk assessment: threats to our strategic objectives • Solution: working practices, skills, infrastructure • Development roadmap
  19. 19. Trust That’s what it’s all about. I mean everything. Seriously. Here’s why…
  20. 20. I [trust] LSE Digital Library Activity overlooked or under resourced Inadequate staff skills Media Failure ofdegradation or authenticity,obsolescence integrity, Loss of provenance essential Loss of trust characteristics or reputation Insufficient Cannot backups implement preservation Infrastructure plans cannot support requirements
  21. 21. SolutionPhased development of technical infrastructure, staff skills
  22. 22. What we planned… Start with preservation. Then think about management. Then (maybe) access. Even (perhaps) for actual users.
  23. 23. What we did… Started with access. Then (actually, now) preservation. But, it worked…
  24. 24. Why did it work?
  25. 25. The Iceberg Model of Digital Libraries interfaces collections/objects workflows systems storage digital preservation
  26. 26. The Iceberg Model of Digital Libraries interfaces collections/objects workflows systems storagedigital preservation
  27. 27. Roles and responsibilities Academic ServicesSenior Management • Collection development Collection development• Strategy • Information skills training Information skills training• Resources Digital Library Team • Policy Policy • Skills expertise Skills / / expertise • Innovation / projects Innovation / projects Collection Services Archive Services • Preservation Preservation • Collection development Collection development • Description Description • Description Description • Infrastructure Infrastructure • Preservation Preservation
  28. 28. Skills Experts: policy, change management Practitioners: workflows, quality assurance Non-specialists: aware Skills gap analysis Role Description Skills Resource Target
  29. 29. SPRUCE a project to inspire, guide, support and enable UK HEIs to address preservation gaps; and to use the knowledge gathered from that support work to articulate a compelling business case for digital preservation • Events: digital preservation solutions • Embedding: grants to continue work • Business case: benefits, skills gaps
  30. 30. DICE (Digital Communications Enhancement) Training materials to raise awareness of digital preservation in researchers and library training providers
  31. 31. PhoneBooth Delivering Library content to mobile devices Booth maps and notebooks
  32. 32. Conclusions Digital is changing the how of libraries, not the what or why Skills are fundamental, then working practices and infrastructure If we don’t do this, we fail … … but, digital is also fun 
  33. 33. Questions? me: or LSE Digital Library: SPRUCE: PhoneBooth: DICE:
  34. 34. Image credits Egosiliqua malusymphonicus Guts © Christopher Locke (used with permission) Iceberg (Public Domain) Wuzur Simple Globe (CC-BY-SA) Tokyoship 8” floppy disk (Public Domain) Pamporoff Feed icon (GPL) Free Software Foundation Twitter logo © Twitter Crowned Portcullis © UK Parliament OAIS Functional Entities © CCSDS National Research Libraries logo © [unknown] [Still from Ghostbusters] © Columbia Pictures [Various Gnome icons] (GPL) Gnome icon artists All other images (CC-BY-NC-SA) LSE Library